Who wrote two treatises on civil government in 1689?

Asked By: Antia Chuhlomsky | Last Updated: 25th March, 2020
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John Locke

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Also asked, what did the two treatises of government say?

Revolution (1688–89)—argued in his influential Two Treatises on Civil Government (1690) that people form governments through a social contract to preserve their inalienable natural rights to “life, liberty, and property.” He further maintained that any government that fails to secure the natural rights of its citizens

Furthermore, when did Locke publish two treatises of government? 1689

Also Know, why did John Locke wrote two treatises of government?

Naturalist and political philosopher John Locke was present to witness these events and was so compelled by them, he wrote what is known as the Second Treatise on Government. To Locke, a Government existed, among other things, to promote public good, and to protect the life, liberty, and property of its people.

Why is the Second Treatise of Government important?

The Second Treatise of Government, subtitled An Essay Concerning the True Original Extent and End of Civil Government, stands today as an extremely influential work that shaped political philosophy and provided a basis for later political doctrines, such as those set forth in the Declaration of Independence and the

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Why is the two treatises of government important?

About this Title. Locke's most famous work of political philosophy began as a reply to Filmer's defense of the idea of the divine right of kings and ended up becoming a defense of natural rights, especially property rights, and of government limited to protecting those rights.

How did the two treatises of government influence the constitution?

John Locke
In his Second Treatise of Government, Locke identified the basis of a legitimate government. If the government should fail to protect these rights, its citizens would have the right to overthrow that government. This idea deeply influenced Thomas Jefferson as he drafted the Declaration of Independence.

Who is the intended audience for the Second Treatise of Government?

Who is the intended audience Answer: The intended audience was to the people in the commonwealth that were in rule of King James the II, that were tyranny from the Catholic church.

Who wrote the two treatises on government?

John Locke

What did John Locke say in Two Treatises of Government?

Main ideas
Locke proceeds through Filmer's arguments, contesting his proofs from Scripture and ridiculing them as senseless, until concluding that no government can be justified by an appeal to the divine right of kings. The Second Treatise outlines a theory of civil society.

Which idea is central to John Locke Two Treatises of Government?

Which idea is central to John Locke's Two Treatises of Government? A government's power comes from the consent of the people. Predestination will determine who will go to heaven. Famine, disease, and conflict are natural checks on population growth.

Which thought was put forward by John Locke in Two Treatises of Government?

Among Locke's political works he is most famous for The Second Treatise of Government in which he argues that sovereignty resides in the people and explains the nature of legitimate government in terms of natural rights and the social contract.

What kind of government did John Locke want?

“Govern lightly,” Locke said. Locke favored a representative government such as the English Parliament, which had a hereditary House of Lords and an elected House of Commons. But he wanted representatives to be only men of property and business.

What kind of government did John Locke believe in?

This kind of institue, created and given power by people is what Locke believe to be the right government. Locke listed “Life, liberty, and property”, as the basic “natural rights”. He believed that government's basic purpose is to preserve these things for each individual under it's domain.

What did Locke think would happen without government?

Locke believed that in a state of nature, no one's life, liberty or property would be safe because there would be no government or laws to protect them. Locke believed that in a state of nature, no one would have the right to govern (rule over) you, and you would not have the right to govern anyone else.

What did Locke believe the role of government should be?

The purpose of government, according to Locke in the *2nd Treatise*, is to protect our state of nature rights to life, liberty, and property. Locke recognizes that in order to do so government must tax us (I.e., must infringe on our rights to life, liberty, and property).

What are John Locke's 3 natural rights?

Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are "life, liberty, and property." Locke believed that the most basic human law of nature is the preservation of mankind. To serve that purpose, he reasoned, individuals have both a right and a duty to preserve their own lives.

Did Locke believe in democracy?

John Locke was the architect behind the Western democracies as they exist today. He presented his ideas in his principal work "Two Treatises of Government" in 1690. Unlike Hobbes, he believed that this social contract should be a democracy. John Locke was a very important inspiration to the American Revolution.

What makes a government legitimate?

In political science, legitimacy is the right and acceptance of an authority, usually a governing law or a régime. Whereas "authority" denotes a specific position in an established government, the term "legitimacy" denotes a system of government—wherein "government" denotes "sphere of influence".

What is the purpose of government?

The real purpose of government
All other ideas such as freedom, rights, laws, order, and any other matter concerning how the government is run is all aimed to conceive its main objective which is the well-being of society. Laws are made to keep order. Rights are made to conserve freedom.

What is John Locke's social contract?

A common description of the social contract is that people give up some of their rights in order to get the benefits of living in civil society. (See John Locke: When the Police and Courts Can't or Won't Take Care of Things, People Have the Right to Take the Law Into Their Own Hands.)