Who was Hugh of Lucca and Theodoric?

Asked By: Sherell Quettier | Last Updated: 5th May, 2020
Category: medical health surgery
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Hugh of Lucca or Hugh Borgognoni (also Ugo) was a medieval surgeon. He and Theodoric of Lucca, his son or student, are noted for their use of wine as an antiseptic in the early 13th century.

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Then, who was Theodoric of Lucca?

Theodoric Borgognoni (1205 – 1296/8), also known as Teodorico de' Borgognoni, and Theodoric of Lucca, was an Italian who became one of the most significant surgeons of the medieval period.

Also Know, what were the problems with medieval surgery? Medieval surgeons realised how to use wine as an antiseptic, and they used natural substances - mandrake root, opium, gall of boar and hemlock, as anaesthetics. Medieval surgeons could therefore do external surgery on problem areas such as facial ulcers and even eye cataracts.

In this regard, what did Hugh and Theodoric of Lucca do?

Hugh of Lucca and his son Theodoric were famous surgeons who worked at Bologna University, Italy. They wrote a book in 1267 criticising the common view that pus was needed for a wound to heal. They used wine on wounds to reduce the chances of infection and had new methods of removing arrows.

What was the most common form of surgery in the Middle Ages?

The most common form of surgery was bloodletting; it was meant to restore the balance of fluids in the body.

39 Related Question Answers Found

How did barber surgeons treat the sick?

The process of bloodletting (withdrawal of blood from a patient to cure or prevent illness and disease) practiced by monks was passed on to barber surgeons, thus cementing them within the surgical field.

How did Barber Surgeons train?

Barber-surgeons were medical practitioners in medieval Europe who, unlike many doctors of the time, performed surgery, often on the war wounded. Barber-surgeons would normally learn their trade as an apprentice to a more experienced colleague. Many would have no formal learning, and were often illiterate.

What did pare do?

Ambroise Paré (1510-90) Ambroise Paré was an innovative French surgeon who served as royal surgeon for a number of French kings, including Henri II. Paré also rejected cautery to seal wounds after amputation. Instead, he used ligatures to tie off the blood vessels.

How were diseases treated in medieval times?

One of the main ways of dealing with disease in the Middle Ages was by prayer. Traditional methods of treating disease such as blood-letting, purging with laxatives, changing the diet of the patient, herbal remedies etc., were completely ineffective against the disease.

What did barber surgeons do in medieval times?


A barber surgeon was a person who could perform minor surgical procedures such as bloodletting, cupping therapy or pulling teeth. Barbers could also bathe, cut hair, shave or trim facial hair, and give enemas. The surgeon came with the army at war but could be used by individuals in peacetime.

What treatments were used in the Renaissance?

Here are a few questionable cures a Renaissance doctor may have prescribed you.
  • TOBACCO USED IN JUST ABOUT EVERY WAY IMAGINABLE.
  • ENEMAS FOR ALL SEASONS.
  • VOMITING AWAY SNAKEBITES.
  • CUPPING, BLOODLETTING, AND TOOTH REMOVAL BY BARBERS.
  • HERBAL REMEDIES RESEMBLING THE HUMAN BODY
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • ALCOHOL FOR DIGESTION.

When did surgery become safe?

By the beginning of the 1900s surgery was usually less painful and risky, but many patients continued to die from internal infection and blood loss. It was not until the development of safe blood transfusion and antibiotics such as penicillin in the early 1940s that surgery became relatively safe.

What was public health like in the Middle Ages?

Public health in the medieval period. Medieval towns were unhealthy places. Public health was not high on the agenda of most town councils. Towns did not have sewage systems or supplies of fresh water, and probably smelled quite awful as garbage and human waste were thrown into the streets.

Did Christianity help or hinder medieval medicine?

Christianity slowed down the progress of medicine due to the belief that illnesses were caused by God as a punishment. The Church was very rigid when it came to theories about medicine and they refused to accept many of them if they contradicted that common belief. Islam, on the other hand, was quite the opposite.

How did Islam hinder medical progress?


Islam hindered Medicine by not spreading their knowledge of anatomy because Islam did not encourage new developments. Islam Hindered Medicine by not searching for effective treatments because their attitudes to the Koran meant that they were unwilling to criticise other ancient books, such as the writings of Galen.

What were doctors called in medieval times?

Answer and Explanation: Medieval doctors were often called with the same names we use today: doctors, physicians, and surgeons.

How did war affect medicine?

War has certainly had an impact on medicine. The numbers of injured and diseased soldiers and the need to maintain a strong military force to defend the nation ensured that the medical treatment of the military was prioritised.

Did the church help or hinder medicine?

The church also helped medicine in the medieval period because it cared for the sick. They believed that they must care for the sick as Christ would. The church hindered medicine because it taught superstitious causes; the ancient greeks had looked for rational explanations.

Who were the earliest medieval merchants?

The earliest medieval merchants were pedlars who sold goods to towns and villages but by the 12th century Europe had grown more prosperous and more goods were produced. Merchants were no longer simply wandering adventurers.

What is medieval medicine?


Medieval medicine in Western Europe was composed of a mixture of existing ideas from antiquity. In the Early Middle Ages, following the fall of the Western Roman Empire, standard medical knowledge was based chiefly upon surviving Greek and Roman texts, preserved in monasteries and elsewhere.

How were physicians trained in the Middle Ages?

Since there was little knowledge in the medical world, a doctor was generally developed through practicing and not created through schooling. Religion ruled the Middle Ages, and many people believed that the Church would provide them with all that they needed, and this included medicine and medical attention.

What did Frugardi do?

Rogerius' work was the first medieval text on surgery to dominate its field in all of Europe, and it was used in the new universities in Bologna and Montpellier. By the thirteenth century, many European towns were demanding that physicians have several years of study or training before they could practice.