Who was assigned to head the camp at Dachau?

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Heinrich Himmler

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Accordingly, who was in charge of Dachau concentration camp?

The Dachau camp system grew to include nearly 100 sub-camps, which were mostly work camps or Arbeitskommandos, and were located throughout southern Germany and Austria.

Dachau concentration camp.

Operated by Schutzstaffel (SS)
Commandant List of commandants
Original use Political prison
Operational March 1933 – April 1945

Also Know, what occurred at the concentration camp in Aschaffenburg? A second crucial development in the emergence of the death camps was a series of events which occurred at the Aschaffenburg concentration camp - located at Aschaffenburg, Bavaria. In 1933 a group of SS men killed a number of Jews at the camp and were arrested by local authorities.

In this manner, who were the kapos in concentration camps?

Kapo (concentration camp)

  • A kapo or prisoner functionary (German: Funktionshäftling, see § Etymology) was a prisoner in a Nazi concentration camp who was assigned by the SS guards to supervise forced labor or carry out administrative tasks.
  • The origin of "kapo" is unclear.

Which type of prisoners did the Nazis first imprison in the Dachau camp?

The first inmates were Social Democrats, Communists, and other political prisoners. Throughout its existence, Dachau remained a “political camp,” in which political prisoners retained a prominent role. Later victims included Roma (Gypsies) and homosexuals, as well as Jehovah's Witnesses.

31 Related Question Answers Found

Who discovered the first concentration camp?

The camps were liberated by the Allied forces between 1944 and 1945. The first major camp, Majdanek, was discovered by the advancing Soviets on July 23, 1944.

How many SS guards were executed?

It is officially reported that 30 SS guards were killed in this fashion, but conspiracy theorists have alleged that more than 10 times that number were executed by the American liberators. The German citizens of the town of Dachau were later forced to bury the 9,000 dead inmates found at the camp.

What happened to the guards at concentration camps?

Corpses of internees who were left by their Nazi guards to die in a train at Dachau. Thousands of prisoners were murdered by the Nazis in the days before the camp's liberation. SS men confer with General Henning Linden during the capture of the Dachau concentration camp.

What were the living conditions like in Dachau?

By early 1940, Dachau had been reconverted into a concentration camp. Conditions at the camp were brutal and overcrowded. The facility had been designed to house some 6,000 detainees, but the population continued to rise and by 1944 approximately 30,000 prisoners were packed into the camp.

What happened Treblinka death camp?

Treblinka I was a forced-labour camp (Arbeitslager) whose prisoners worked in the gravel pit or irrigation area and in the forest, where they cut wood to fuel the cremation pits. Between 1941 and 1944, more than half of its 20,000 inmates died from summary executions, hunger, disease and mistreatment.

Who liberated Auschwitz?

On 27 January 1945, Auschwitz concentration camp—a Nazi concentration camp where more than a million people were murdered—was liberated by the Red Army during the Vistula–Oder Offensive. Although most of the prisoners had been forced onto a death march, about 7,000 had been left behind.

What does Sonderkommando mean?

Sonderkommandos (German: [ˈz?nd?k?ˌmando], special unit) were work units made up of German Nazi death camp prisoners. They were composed of prisoners, usually Jews, who were forced, on threat of their own deaths, to aid with the disposal of gas chamber victims during the Holocaust.

What does Gestapo mean?

The Gestapo was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. The name stands for Geheime Staatspolizei. This means "secret state police". It was under the overall administration of the Schutzstaffel (SS).

What is a Oberkapo?

Oberkapo: prisoner assigned as chief foreman. • pipel: among Nazi concentration camp detainees, an attractive male child who received special privileges by. maintaining a relationship with another detainee who had been granted some authority over other detainees.

How were Kapos chosen?

Kapos were chosen by the Schutzstaffel (SS) camp guards to help run the camps. Some kapos were in charge of other prisoners, who had to do forced labor. Other kapos did paperwork and kept records in the camps. The Nazis used kapos for many reasons.

What kind of food was served in concentration camps?

The daily ration consisted in a bowl of a bitter beverage similar to coffee for breakfast, a dish of thin soup made from rotten vegetables or meat at midday and a crust of bread and a little portion of margarine before going to bed.

Why is Auschwitz the most famous camp?

As the most lethal of the Nazi extermination camps, Auschwitz has become the emblematic site of the “final solution,” a virtual synonym for the Holocaust. Between 1.1 and 1.5 million people died at Auschwitz; 90 percent of them were Jews.

Who is Mengele?

Josef Mengele was a Nazi doctor at Auschwitz extermination camp who selected prisoners for execution in gas chambers and led medical experiments on inmates.

What was the German SS?

Founded in 1925, the “Schutzstaffel,” German for “Protective Echelon,” initially served as Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler's (1889-1945) personal bodyguards, and later became one of the most powerful and feared organizations in all of Nazi Germany.