Who made up the Red Army and the White Army?

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Explanation: The Red Army was made up of people who supported Lenin and the establishment of socialism in Russia whereas the White Army was composed of Tsarists who remained faithful to the Imperial family and refused the victory of Bolsheviks.

Correspondingly, who made up the White Army?

The White Armies were made up of soldiers from the French, British, Japanese, and US armies and their Russian conscripts. The Russian section of the White Army was led by former czarist officers, and members of the Cadet party, right-wing Mensheviks, and right-wing Socialist revolutionaries.

Beside above, what groups made up the Red Army and the White Army quizlet? The Bolsheviks and their followers made up the Red Army. The Bolsheviks renamed their party, because of Karl Marx; he used the word communism to describe the classless society that would exist after the workers had seized power.

People also ask, who were the Red Army and White Army?

The two largest combatant groups were the Red Army, fighting for the Bolshevik form of socialism led by Vladimir Lenin, and the loosely allied forces known as the White Army, which included diverse interests favouring political monarchism, economic capitalism and alternative forms of socialism, each with democratic and

Who formed the Red Army and for what purpose was it formed?

The Red Army was the organised military force of the new Soviet regime. It was formed by decree in January 1918. 2. Trotsky was appointed war commissar in March 1918 and played a pivotal role in reorganising, shaping and toughening the Red Army.

35 Related Question Answers Found

Why was it called the White Army?

The White armies (also known as White Guards or just 'the Whites') were counter-revolutionary groups that participated in the Russian Civil War. These White armies fought against the Bolshevik-controlled Red Army for the control of Russia.

How did the White Army lose?

The major reasons the whites lost the Russian civil war was because of Division, No Morale, Failure to find non Russian allies and Brutality and corruption. The Whites army was never a united force and instead had many leaders such as Yudenich, Kolchak, Deniken and Wrangel. All of these men wanted glory for themselves.

Who supported the Whites?

Admiral Alexander Kolchak also set up an anit-Bolshevik military dictatorship at Omsk in eastern Siberia. To help the White Army, troops from Britain, France, Japan and the United States were sent into Russia. By December, 1918, there were 200,000 foreign soldiers supporting the anti-Bolshevik forces.

What does Cheka stand for?

Parent agency. CPC. The All-Russian Extraordinary Commission (Russian: Всероссийская Чрезвычайная Комиссия), abbreviated as VChK (Russian: ВЧК, Ve-Che-Ka) and commonly known as Cheka (from the initialism ChK - Russian: ЧК), was the first of a succession of Soviet secret-police organizations.

What does Red Army mean?

The Red Army (Krasnaya Armiya) was a common name for the Russian National Military Forces from 1918 to 1946, which was also known by the abbreviation RKKA (Workers' and Peasants' Red Army). The name refers to the color red. In the workers' movement red symbolized the blood shed in the struggle against oppression.

What is a White Russian person?

White Russian(Noun) A Russian who supported the tsar in the 1917 Revolution and the Russian Civil War (191820), and afterwords. White Russian(Noun) A Belarusian person.

Who is known as the father of communism?

In the 1840s, German philosopher and sociologist Karl Marx, who was living in England after fleeing the authorities in the German states, where he was considered a political threat, began publishing books in which he outlined his theories for a variety of communism now known as Marxism.

Does the Red Army still exist?

Beginning in February 1946, the Red Army, along with the Soviet Navy, embodied the main component of the Soviet Armed Forces; taking the official name of "Soviet Army", until its dissolution in December 1991. The former official name Red Army continued to be used as a nickname by both sides throughout the Cold War.

Is the Red Army still active?

Red Army, Russian Krasnaya Armiya, Soviet army created by the Communist government after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. The name Red Army was abandoned in 1946.

What happened to the White Russians?

"White Russians" flooded into China after World War I and into the early 1920s. Most of the Russians went to Manchuria and treaty ports such as Shanghai, but a few ended up in Beijing.

How large was the Red Army in ww2?

At the time of the Nazi assault on the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Red Army had 303 divisions and 22 brigades (4.8 million troops), including 166 divisions and 9 brigades (2.9 million troops) stationed in the western military districts.

What did the White Army want?

Above all, the White movement emerged as opponents of the Red Army. The White Army had the stated aim to keep law and order in Russia as the Tsar's army before the civil war and the salvation of Russia.

When was the Red Army formed?

January 28, 1918, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

What did the Bolsheviks do?

The Bolsheviks, or Reds, came to power in Russia during the October Revolution phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and founded the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR).

Who introduced War Communism?

War communism. War communism is the name for the economic policies that introduced to Russia in 1918 by Vladimir Lenin, leader of Russia from 1917-24. The policy was ended in 1921 because it was not successful. Instead, he introduced the New Economic Policy in 1921.

How strong was the Soviet Army?

Soviet Army
Size 3,668,075 active (1991) 4,129,506 reserve (1991)
Nickname(s) "Red Army"
Colors Red and yellow
Equipment 55,000 tanks 70,000 armored personnel carriers 24,000 infantry fighting vehicles 33,000 towed artillery pieces 9,000 self-propelled howitzers 12,000 anti-aircraft guns 4,300 helicopters