Which drug is used by nasal route?
Thereof, what drugs can be given intranasally?
There are many classes of medications that may be used intranasally, many of which are applicable to the pre-hospital and emergency setting. These medications include antiepileptics, opiate analgesics and opiate antagonists, sedatives, topical anesthetics, glucagon for hypoglycemia, and agents for epistaxis control.
Furthermore, what is intranasal use? Intranasal drug administration has a long tradition and was and is still used for medical as well as recreational purposes. The most common use is for treatment of local symptoms e.g. nasal congestion in the course of a common rhinitis or inflammation linked to allergic rhinitis.
In this manner, how are drugs absorbed through the nose?
Absorption of drug via the nasal cavity can be described as diffusion of drug into system circulation via the nasal mucosa. Mucosal absorption via the nasal cavity usually follows: drug release, penetration (entry into a layer), permeation (transition of a layer), and absorption (uptake into the vascular system).
What are the four routes of drug administration?
Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.
- Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets.
- Injection routes.
- Sublingual and buccal routes.
- Rectal route.
- Vaginal route.
- Ocular route.
- Otic route.
- Nasal route.