Which compound is the least soluble in water?

Asked By: Estephania Closas | Last Updated: 25th February, 2020
Category: science chemistry
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Lithium chloride is the least water-soluble of the three compounds.

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Also question is, which compounds are most soluble in water?

Among given compounds, ethylene glycol ( H O − C H 2 − C H 2 − O H HO-CH_2-CH_2-OH HO−CH2−CH2−OH ) is the most soluble in water. Ethylene glycol has two hydroxy groups both of which form hydrogen bonds with water.

One may also ask, which is the least soluble gas in water? Water (H2O) is a polar molecule that exhibits hydrogen bonding, so the least soluble gas would be a nonpolar compound.

In this regard, which compound is least soluble in water at 60?

(1) KClO3 (3) NaCl. (2) KNO3 (4) NH4Cl.

What makes a compound water soluble?

Positive is attracted to negative, making a cohesive structure. When polar compounds or ions are added to water, they break up into smaller components, or dissolve, to become part of the solution. The water's partial charges attract different parts of the compound, making them soluble in water.

29 Related Question Answers Found

What type of compound is soluble in water?

Substances that dissolve most readily in water include ionic compounds and polar covalent compounds.

What makes a compound soluble?

Definition of Solubility
Solubility is the ability of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance (referred to as the solute) to dissolve in solvent (usually a liquid) and form a solution. A solution is considered saturated when adding additional solute no longer increases the concentration of the solution.

Is caco3 soluble in water?

Calcium carbonate has a very low solubility in pure water (15 mg/L at 25°C), but in rainwater saturated with carbon dioxide, its solubility increases due to the formation of more soluble calcium bicarbonate. Calcium carbonate is unusual in that its solubility increases as the temperature of the water decreases.

What is water soluble?

Polar organic compounds (generally containing up to 4 carbons) such as amines, alcohols, acids, esters, ketones and aldehydes are soluble in water. Many carbohydrates, proteins (except membrane proteins), vitamins (B,C,P) are soluble in water.

Is AgCl soluble in water?

Many ionic solids, such as silver chloride (AgCl) do not dissolve in water. The forces holding the solid AgCl lattice together are too strong to be overcome by the forces favoring the formation of the hydrated ions, Ag+(aq) and Cl-(aq).

What is the most soluble compound?

Table salt, or sodium chloride (NaCl), the most common ionic compound, is soluble in water (360 g/L).

Which compound is least soluble?

Lithium chloride is the least water-soluble of the three compounds.

Which compound is least soluble in water at 10 degrees Celsius?

Do I Know about Solubility Graphs?
A B
Which salt is LEAST soluble at 0 ºC?, KClO3
How many grams of sodium nitrate, NaNO3, are soluble in 100 g of water at 10 ºC?, 80 grams
Which of these salts decreases in solubility as the temperature increases., Ce2(SO4)3

Whats is a solution?

A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances. A solution may exist in any phase. A solution consists of a solute and a solvent. The solute is the substance that is dissolved in the solvent. For example, in a saline solution, salt is the solute dissolved in water as the solvent.

How do you determine solubility?

Solubility indicates the maximum amount of a substance that can be dissolved in a solvent at a given temperature. Such a solution is called saturated. Divide the mass of the compound by the mass of the solvent and then multiply by 100 g to calculate the solubility in g/100g .

Which salt is least soluble at 10 C?

Do I Know about Solubility Graphs?
A B
Which salt is LEAST soluble at 0 ºC?, KClO3
How many grams of sodium nitrate, NaNO3, are soluble in 100 g of water at 10 ºC?, 80 grams
Which of these salts decreases in solubility as the temperature increases., Ce2(SO4)3

How does temperature affect solubility?

For many solids dissolved in liquid water, the solubility increases with temperature. The increase in kinetic energy that comes with higher temperatures allows the solvent molecules to more effectively break apart the solute molecules that are held together by intermolecular attractions.

How many grams of KCl can be dissolved in 100g of water at 80 C?

In fact, you can expect to be able to dissolve no more than 40 g of sodium chloride per 100 g of water at 80C . So, at 80C , you will ahve an unsaturated solution if you dissolve less than 40 g of sodium chloride, and a saturated solution if you dissolve about 40 g of sodium chloride.

What are the customary units of solubility?

Other commonly used units include g/L (grams of solute per liter of solution) and m/L (moles of solute per liter of solution). Solubility units always express the maximum amount of solute that will dissolve in either a given amount of solvent, or a given amount of solution, at a specific temperature.

What is the most soluble gas in water?

The gas which is most soluble in water is NH3 because of hydrogen bonding with water.

Which organic compound is least soluble in water?

The organic compound that is the least soluble in water is octane.

Is ethylene soluble in water?

Ethanol
Water
Diethyl ether