What was the purpose of the Virginia and New Jersey plan?

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Power of the States
James Madison wrote the Virginia Plan, which called for states with larger populations to have more representation in the government. As an alternative, William Paterson presented the New Jersey Plan, which called for equal representation for every state no matter what the population.

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People also ask, what was the purpose of the New Jersey plan?

The New Jersey Plan was one option as to how the United States would be governed. The Plan called for each state to have one vote in Congress instead of the number of votes being based on population. This was to protect the equality of the states regardless of population size.

Beside above, what was the key difference between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey plan and how did they solve this problem? 36) Virginia plan advocated two legislative houses of which membership would be based on population. New Jersey plan advocated one legislative house, membership in which would be equal for all states.

Secondly, what was the result of the Virginia and New Jersey plan?

The Virginia Plan was used, but some ideas from the New Jersey Plan were added. The Connecticut Compromise established a bicameral legislature with the U.S. House of Representatives apportioned by population as desired by the Virginia Plan and the Senate granted equal votes per state as desired by the New Jersey Plan.

When was the Virginia and New Jersey plan?

June 15, 1787

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What was wrong with the New Jersey plan?

The New Jersey Plan was a proposal for the structure of the United States federal government, presented by William Paterson at the Constitutional Convention of 1787. The New Jersey Plan was rejected, but it led to a compromise meant to balance the interests of small and large states.

What states benefited from the New Jersey plan?

Chapter 2 Government
Question Answer
Type of state that benefited from the New Jersey Plan? Small States
Delegates agreed on a bicameral congress, one segment with equal representation for states, and the other with other representation proportionate to the states population Connecticut Compromise

Who did the New Jersey plan benefit?

The New Jersey plan favored giving control of the federal government to the states, not the people through their representatives. The New Jersey Plan proposed a unicameral legislature of only one house. The New Jersey Plan called for equal representation in which each state had the same number of representatives.

What was the most important part of the New Jersey plan?

Perhaps the most important of these was introduced by the Connecticut Compromise, which established a bicameral legislature with the U.S. House of Representatives apportioned by population, as desired by the Virginia Plan, and the Senate granted equal votes per state, as desired by the New Jersey Plan.

Who supported the New Jersey Plan and why?


The New Jersey Plan was supported by the states of New York, Connecticut, Delaware, and New Jersey. It proposed a unicameral legislature with one vote per state. Paterson and supporters wanted to reflect the equal representation of states, thus enabling equal power.

What are the advantages of the New Jersey plan?

The main advantage of this plan is that it would have benefited the smaller states in the union. By allowing each state to have one vote rather than basing it on population, each state would have equal power.

What were the Virginia and New Jersey plans?

According to the Virginia Plan, states with a large population would have more representatives than smaller states. Large states supported this plan, while smaller states generally opposed it. Under the New Jersey Plan, the unicameral legislature with one vote per state was inherited from the Articles of Confederation.

Why did small states favor the New Jersey plan?

Each state's representation would depend on the state's population. The larger states wanted a larger influence in Congress because they has a larger population. What did small states favor the New Jersey Plan? Smaller states like this plan because it gave them equal representation in Congress.

What two things did the Virginia and New Jersey plans have in common?

Terms in this set (7)
  • Virginia have bicameral (2 houses)
  • New Jersey have unicameral (1 house)
  • Virginia representation was based on population.
  • New Jersey representation was based on equal representation.
  • Executive, Judicial, & Legislative.
  • Large states favored Virginia Plan because it was based on population.

Why was the Virginia Plan Rejected?


Why did the Convention reject the Virginia Plan? o They rejected the Virginia Plan because it entailed a strong central government that acted directly on the people without states as intermediaries.

Why is the Virginia plan better?

The Great Compromise
The Virginia Plan is better because it's basically saying that representation is based on the size of the state. If you have a big state and one representative, it won't work because one person can't make decisions for the whole state.

Who was against the Virginia Plan?

The Virginia Plan was countered with the New Jersey Plan, which called for one vote per state regardless of population, since the smaller states were worried that they would not be equal if the representation of the legislative branch was based on population.

Why did New Jersey's delegates object to the Virginia Plan?

Why did New Jerseys's delegates object to the Virginia Plan? They preferred a system in which all states had equal representation. It proposed different representation in the two-house legislature.

Which issue did the Virginia plan the New Jersey Plan and the Great Compromise address?

The plans and the compromise were about finding a way to equally represent all states in the congress, without making a state too powerful or too weak. The plans and the compromise resolved it by making a bicameral government with the senate and the house.

How did supporters of the Virginia and New Jersey plans differ?


The Virginia Plan called for three branches of government and two houses of Congress. Representation in each house would be determined by population. The New Jersey Plan called for three branches of government and a single house of Congress. Each state would have an equal vote.

Which key part of the New Jersey plan is not in the Constitution today?

Eventually, a compromise was reached. It called for two houses of Congress with unequal representation in one house and equal representation in the other house. Thus, the part of the New Jersey Plan that was not included in the Constitution was the part about having only one house of Congress.