What type of cells do archaebacteria have?

Asked By: Lucica Avezuela | Last Updated: 4th February, 2020
Category: science genetics
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Archaebacteria are single-celled prokaryotes originally thought to be bacteria. They are in the Archaea domain and have a unique ribosomal RNA type. The cell wall composition of these extreme organisms allows them to live in some very inhospitable places, such as hot springs and hydrothermal vents.

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Herein, what type of cell is archaebacteria?

Archaea is a relatively new classification of life initially proposed by Carl Woese, an American microbiologist, in 1977. He found that bacteria, which are prokaryotic cells without a nucleus, could be divided into two distinct groups based on their genetic material.

Similarly, how many cells do archaebacteria have? one cell

Secondly, what type of cells do protists have?

Protists are eukaryotes, which means their cells have a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. Most, but not all, protists are single-celled. Other than these features, they have very little in common. You can think about protists as all eukaryotic organisms that are neither animals, nor plants, nor fungi.

Do archaebacteria have cells?

Archaebacteria have a single, round chromosome like bacteria, but their gene transcription is similar to that which occurs in the nuclei of eukaryotic cells. Archaebacteria who use other forms of cellular respiration also exist, but methane-producing cells are not found in Bacteria or Eukarya.

39 Related Question Answers Found

What are archaea cells?

Archaea, (domain Archaea), any of a group of single-celled prokaryotic organisms (that is, organisms whose cells lack a defined nucleus) that have distinct molecular characteristics separating them from bacteria (the other, more prominent group of prokaryotes) as well as from eukaryotes (organisms, including plants and

What is archaebacteria cell wall made of?

Archaebacterial cell walls are composed of different polysaccharides and proteins, with no peptidoglycan. Many archaebacteria have cell walls made of the polysaccharide pseudomurein. Fungi. Fungal cell walls are typically composed of the polysaccharides chitin and cellulose.

Why Archaea and Bacteria are classified separately?

1 Answer. The reason that Archaea were determined to be a separate (and only the third) kingdom so late (1977 according to this reference) was because archaea often completely resemble eubacteria. But you can see that fungi and other eukaryotes are more similar to archaea than the bacteria.

What are 3 examples of Archaea?

There are three major known groups of Archaebacteria: methanogens, halophiles, and thermophiles. The methanogens are anaerobic bacteria that produce methane. They are found in sewage treatment plants, bogs, and the intestinal tracts of ruminants. Ancient methanogens are the source of natural gas.

Is E coli bacteria or archaea?


Archaea used to be thought of as bacteria, though this is an erroneous classification. Archaea and bacteria are definitely both tiny, single-cell organisms, which cannot be seen by the naked human eye called microbes. Bacteria like E. coli, Salmonella, and Lactobacillus tend to live in moderate environments.

How do archaebacteria get food?

They can be chemotrophs, which means they make their own food from chemicals around them. If their own food, archaebacteria can eat hydrogen gas, carbon dioxide, and sulfur. Archaebacteria can be eaten by fungi and other bacteria. Archaebacteria use flagella, a whip-like projection, to move.

What do archaea eat?

Archaea can eat iron, sulfur, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, ammonia, uranium, and all sorts of toxic compounds, and from this consumption they can produce methane, hydrogen sulfide gas, iron, or sulfur. They have the amazing ability to turn inorganic material into organic matter, like turning metal to meat.

What is unique about archaea?

Archaeal cells have unique properties separating them from the other two domains, Bacteria and Eukaryota. Salt-tolerant archaea (the Haloarchaea) use sunlight as an energy source, and other species of archaea fix carbon, but unlike plants and cyanobacteria, no known species of archaea does both.

How many cells make up a protist?

If so, you have some knowledge of protists. Found nearly anywhere there is water, most protists are made up of one single cell. This would explain their microscopic size. What makes protists unique and sets them apart from other unicellular organisms, such as bacteria, is that their cells are eukaryotic.

How do protists work?


Cilia - Some protists use microscopic hair called cilia to move. These tiny hairs can flap together to help the organism move through water or other liquid. Flagella - Other protists have a long tail called flagella. Pseudopodia - This is when the protist extends part of its cell body to scoot or ooze along.

Do protists have DNA?

Like all other eukaryotes, protists have a nucleus containing their DNA. They also have other membrane-bound organelles, such as mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum. Because the protist kingdom is so diverse, their ways of getting food and reproducing vary widely.

What is the importance of protists?

Plant-like protists produce almost one-half of the oxygen on the planet through photosynthesis. Other protists decompose and recycle nutrients that humans need to live. All protists make up a huge part of the food chain.

How do protists eat?

There are many plant-like protists, such as algae, that get their energy from sunlight through photosynthesis. Some of the fungus-like protists, such as the slime molds (Figure below), decompose decaying matter. The animal-like protists must "eat" or ingest food. Some animal-like protists use their "tails" to eat.

Do eubacteria have a nucleus?

Like archeans, eubacteria are prokaryotes, meaning their cells do not have nuclei in which their DNA is stored. This distinguishes both groups from the eukaryotes, whose DNA is contained in a nucleus. Eubacteria are enclosed by a cell wall.

How do you classify protists?


The protists can be classified into one of three main categories, animal-like, plant-like, and fungus-like. Grouping into one of the three categories is based on an organism's mode of reproduction, method of nutrition, and motility.

Do protists have a nucleus?

Protist Kingdom. Although some have multiple cells, most protists are one-celled or unicellular organisms. These cells have a nucleus and are enclosed by a cell membrane. Animal-like protists are those which cannot make their own food.

Do fungi have a nucleus?

Fungi are eukaryotes and have a complex cellular organization. As eukaryotes, fungal cells contain a membrane-bound nucleus where the DNA is wrapped around histone proteins. Fungal cells also contain mitochondria and a complex system of internal membranes, including the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus.