What two psychological approaches dominated psychology from the 1920s to the 1950s?
Keeping this in view, how did psychology continue to develop from the 1920s through today?
Having begun as a "science of mental life", psychology evolved in the 1920's into the "scientific study of observable behavior". Today's science emphasizes the interaction of genes and experiences in specific environments.
Furthermore, what aspect of psychology was the behaviorist approach to psychology a reaction to? Behaviorists studied objectively observable behavior partly in reaction to the psychologists of the mind who were studying things that were not directly observable.
Similarly one may ask, what school of psychology arose in the United States in the 1920s?
Functionalism. Explanation: Functionalism, in psychology, arose at the end of 20th century as an alternative of structuralism. So that structuralism was founded by Wilhelm Wundt who gave big importance to the mind above all.
Who is the father of psychology?