What oath did a vassal swear to his lord?

Asked By: Bert Cortabarria | Last Updated: 15th January, 2020
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One part of the oath of fealty included swearing to always remain faithful to the lord. The oath of fealty usually took place after the act of homage, when, by the symbolic act of kneeling before the lord and placing his hands between the hands of the lord, the vassal became the "man" of the lord.

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Also asked, what did a vassal promise to his Lord?

As part of the feudal agreement, the lord promised to protect the vassal and provided the vassal with a plot of land. This land could be passed on to the vassal's heirs, giving the vassal tenure over the land. The entire agreement was called a fief, and a lord's collection of fiefs was called a fiefdom.

Beside above, what is the oath of homage? Homage (from Medieval Latin hominaticum, lit. "pertaining to a man") in the Middle Ages was the ceremony in which a feudal tenant or vassal pledged reverence and submission to his feudal lord, receiving in exchange the symbolic title to his new position (investiture).

Also to know is, why did vassals have to swear an oath to remain faithful to the King?

It included the swearing for remaining faithful to the lord, the act of homage preceded it. The Vassals oath was a promise not to harm his lord or damage his property, it was a recognition of the assistance owed by the tenant to his lord and the protection owed by the lord to the tenant.

Why is an oath of fealty required in feudalism?

Fealty was an oath of fidelity made by the vassal. In it he promised not to harm his lord or to do damage to his property. Although homage had to be rendered directly to the lord, fealty could be given to a bailiff or steward.

39 Related Question Answers Found

What does vassalage mean?

Definition of vassalage. 1 : a position of subordination or submission (as to a political power) 2 : the state of being a vassal. 3 : the homage, fealty, or services due from a vassal.

What was the relationship and obligations between a vassal and his king or lord?

A vassal is a person regarded as having a mutual obligation to a lord or monarch, in the context of the feudal system in medieval Europe. The obligations often included military support by knights in exchange for certain privileges, usually including land held as a tenant or fief.

How did a vassal show his loyalty?

Feudalism was based on ties of loyalty and duty among nobles. The vassal put his hands together and placed them between the hands of his lord and promised to keep the faith and loyalty to his lord against all others. How did a vassal show loyalty to his lord? He showed his loyalty by serving in his lord's army.

Can a king be a vassal?

A vassal king is a king that owes allegiance to another king or emperor. This situation occurred in England after the Norman invasion of 1066. Duke William of Normandy was a vassal of the king of France. He later went on to conquer England and become its king.

Could a vassal buy out his Lord?


Feudalism provided no benefits for noblemen during the medieval period. A vassal could buy out his lord. Vassals were exempt from feudal aid.

Are peasants vassals?

The term 'vassal' originated with the emergence of feudalism during the Medieval era of the Middle Ages - not to be confused with a 'villein' who was a peasant. Vassals were expected to pay for the land by providing the services to their immediate lord. The lord of the manors are described as Vassals or Liege lords.

What was the relationship between a lord and vassal?

What was the relationship between lords and vassals? They had mutual obligations. Lords provided land and protection while vassals provided money, advice, loyalty and military service.

What does vassal mean in the Bible?

Definition of vassal. 1 : a person under the protection of a feudal lord to whom he has vowed homage and fealty : a feudal tenant. 2 : one in a subservient or subordinate position.

What is a fief?

A fief (/fiːf/; Latin: feudum) was the central element of feudalism. It consisted of heritable property or rights granted by an overlord to a vassal who held it in fealty (or "in fee") in return for a form of feudal allegiance and service, usually given by the personal ceremonies of homage and fealty.

What was the main job of a knight?


The primary role of a knight in medieval society was to fight battles for his lord, similar to that of the samurai of Japan. Knights were an elite class of warriors that specialized in armored combat from horseback and used weapons such as the longsword, lance, dagger and various blunt weapons.

What does pledging fealty mean?

pledging allegiance fealty implies a fidelity acknowledged by the individual and as compelling as a sworn vow. fealty to the truth loyalty implies a faithfulness that is steadfast in the face of any temptation to renounce, desert, or betray.

What did serfs get in return for their labor?

Serfs who occupied a plot of land were required to work for the lord of the manor who owned that land. In return they were entitled to protection, justice, and the right to cultivate certain fields within the manor to maintain their own subsistence.

How do you swear fealty?

The oath of fealty usually took place after the act of homage, when, by the symbolic act of kneeling before the lord and placing his hands between the hands of the lord, the vassal became the "man" of the lord.

What is serfdom Why was it important during medieval times?

The most important function of serfs was to work on the demesne land of their lord for two or three days each week. In addition to those born into serfdom, many free labourers unwittingly became serfs because their own small plot of land was barely sufficient for their needs.

Why was it important to have land during the Middle Ages?


The king awarded land grants, called fiefs, to the nobles and sometimes to the church in return for the use of their soldiers or their influence on the citizens to protect the land. For safety and for defense, peasants in the Middle Ages formed small communities around a central lord or master.

What was the Knights code called?

The Code of Chivalry was a moral system which went beyond rules of combat and introduced the concept of Chivalrous conduct - qualities idealized by the Medieval knights such as bravery, courtesy, honor and great gallantry toward women. The Code of Chivalry was the honor code of the knight.

What is the difference between fealty and loyalty?

As nouns the difference between loyalty and fealty
is that loyalty is the state of being loyal; fidelity while fealty is fidelity to one's lord; the feudal obligation by which the tenant or vassal was bound to be faithful to his lord; fidelity; allegiance; faithfulness.