What is variable in UFT?

Asked By: Domnino Landaberri | Last Updated: 18th May, 2020
Category: technology and computing databases
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A variable is used to store dynamic data types like strings, numbers and object values. The variable is a name assigned to a location in your computer memory where the date used by QTP is stored. Think of it as a way to reserve memory in your computer.

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Furthermore, how do you declare a variable in UFT?

You can explicitly declare variables in QTP using Dim, Public or Private statement (Dim is the most commonly used option). Assigning a value to a variable follows the standard procedure where the variable is in the left hand side followed by equal to operator with the value on the right hand side.

One may also ask, how do I find environment variables in QTP? Types of QTP environment variables Go to file -> Settings -> Environment tab to view the environment variable section to see the list of environmental variables. The values from environment variables can be obtained and used wherever necessary during the run session.

Similarly, you may ask, what is variable VBScript?

VBScript Variables. A variable is a named memory location used to hold a value that can be changed during the script execution. VBScript has only ONE fundamental data type, Variant. Rules for Declaring VariablesVariable Name must begin with an alphabet.

What is environment variable QTP?

Environment variables in QTP are like global variables in other programming languages which can be accessed through any part of the script. These are the variables that we define within the test. These variables are saved with the test and are accessible only within the test in which they were defined.

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What is UFT action?

What is Action in QTP? Actions help divide your test into "logical units" or "Business Processes". Actions help create a script which is more modular and efficient. When a script is newly created it consists of only one action. But you can add more Actions to your Micro Focus UFT Script as per requirements.

What are the available environment variable types?

There are two types of environment variables: user environment variables (set for each user) and system environment variables (set for everyone). By default, a child process inherits the environment variables of its parent process.

What is smart identification in QTP?

Smart Identification is nothing but an algorithm used by the QTP when it is not able to recognize an object. QTP identifies a particular object by comparing the properties of its test object and the run time object.

What is the purpose of loading an add in?

What is the purpose of loading QTP Add-Ins? Add-Ins: are small programs or files which can be added to computer in order to enhance the capabilities of the system. The purposes of loading Add-Ins into QTP are following: To increase capabilities of the system. To improve the graphics quality, communications interface.

What is synchronization UFT?


Synchronization is the time interface between tool (like QTP) and Application under test. Synchronization is used to match the speed of UFT test script execution with the speed of the application under test. Wait Statement – Wait is used when we want UFT to wait for the specified time.

How do you associate a recovery scenario in QTP?

How to use Recovery Scenario in QTP/UFT with Example
  1. Step 1) In Micro Focus UFT, Select Resources > Recovery Scenario Manager.
  2. Step 2) Specify the Trigger Event.
  3. Step 3) Specify the Recovery Operation which is the corrective action you take when the trigger happens.

How do you declare a variable?

A declaration of a variable is where a program says that it needs a variable. For our small programs, place declaration statements between the two braces of the main method. The declaration gives a name and a data type for the variable. It may also ask that a particular value be placed in the variable.

How do you declare a variable in VBScript?

There are certain rules for VBScript variable names.
  1. Variable name must begin with a letter. Examples: salary, mark etc. Variables beginning with numbers or special characters are not allowed.
  2. Variable name cannot exceed 255 characters.
  3. Variable name should not contain a period (.).

How do you assign a value to a variable?

You can assign a value to a routine variable in any of the following ways:
  1. Use a LET statement.
  2. Use a SELECT INTO statement.
  3. Use a CALL statement with a procedure that has a RETURNING clause.
  4. Use an EXECUTE PROCEDURE INTO or EXECUTE FUNCTION INTO statement.

How do I loop a VBS script?


VBScript Looping
  1. Do Loop - Loops while or until a condition is True.
  2. WhileWend - Loops while a condition is True.
  3. For Next - Uses a counter to run statements a specified number of times.
  4. For Each Next - Repeats a group of statements for each item in a collection or each element of an array.

What is declaration statement?

In programming, a declaration is a statement describing an identifier, such as the name of a variable or a function. For example, in the C programming language, all variables must be declared with a specific data type before they can be assigned a value.

What is dim in VB Script?

Description. Declares and allocates storage space in memory for variables. The Dim statement is used either at the start of a procedure or the start of a module or scripting block. In the first case, the variable declared using Dim is local to the procedure. In the second, it's available throughout the module.

What is string in VBScript?

A String is a sequence of symbols or digits. Strings are among the most frequently used data types. Like any other data type, strings in TestComplete are represented as OLE-compatible variants. In VBScript, a sequence of literal characters, enclosed in double quotes ("), is recognized as a string.

How many data types are there in VBScript?

VBScript has only one data type called a Variant. It is a special kind of data type that can contain different kinds of information, depending on how it's used.

Data types VBScript.
subtype Description
Byte Integer value (1 byte) in the range: 0 to 255.
Integer Integer value (2 bytes) in the range: -32768 to 32767.

What are the environments supported by VBScript language?


Environments Supporting VBScript
Primarily, there are 3 Environments where VBScript can be run. They include: #1) IIS (Internet Information Server): Internet Information Server is Microsoft's Web Server. #2) WSH (Windows Script Host): Windows Script Host is the hosting environment of the Windows Operating System.

What is scalar variable?

A scalar variable, or scalar field, is a variable that holds one value at a time. It is a single component that assumes a range of number or string values. A scalar value is associated with every point in a space.

How is a value stored in a variable?

Thus we have "initialized" the x variable to the value 0. "Stored" in a variable. The information "stored" in a variable, is the last piece of information assigned to that variable name. After assigning into a variable, all previous information is lost.