What is the side of a cut gem called?

Asked By: Chanelle Irigoin | Last Updated: 4th February, 2020
Category: hobbies and interests jewelry making
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The top portion of a cut gem is called the crown. The crown has quite a few different facets on it. The largest horizontal facet on the crown is called the table facet. The bottom of a faceted stone is the pavilion.

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Herein, what is the surface of a cut gemstone called?

surface of a cut gemstone (5)
Surface of a cut gemstone (5)
Flat surface of a cut gemstone (5)

One may also ask, how is a gem cut? All gems are cut and polished by progressive abrasion using finer and finer grits of harder substances. Diamond, the hardest naturally occurring substance, has a Mohs hardness of 10 and is used as an abrasive to cut and polish a wide variety of materials, including diamond itself.

Correspondingly, what are the different cuts of gemstones?

Gemstone cuts differ in the amount and size of facets carved into the gem's surface within each category of shapes.

  • Asscher. Alternatively called "Square Emerald cut", it is a hybrid of a princess and an emerald cut.
  • Baguette.
  • Briolette.
  • Cabachon.
  • (Antique) Cushion.
  • Emerald.
  • Heart.
  • Marquise.

What is the faceted side of a gem?

Facet, flat, polished surface on a cut gemstone, usually with three or four sides. The widest part of a faceted stone is the girdle; the girdle lies on a plane that separates the crown, the stone's upper portion, from the pavilion, the stone's base.

32 Related Question Answers Found

What is a gem surface?

Gem surface. FACETS. Gem surface. FACET. Food; flat gem surface.

What is a collection of tales called?

In book publishing, an anthology is a collection of literary works chosen by the compiler; it may be a collection of plays, poems, short stories, songs or excerpts by different authors.

What is a cabochon cut?

In the gemstone world, a cabochon is a stone that is cut with a highly polished, rounded or convex top with no faceting and a flat or slightly domed base. A cabochon may be cut in any shape, though oval is by far the most common. The term comes from the French caboche, meaning knob or small dome.

What is the best cut for a sapphire?

The most popular cuts for a sapphire are oval, round and cushion. These are commonly used for all types of jewelry like rings, pendants and earrings. The sapphire is formed with a hexagonal crystalline structure. This enables it to be cut into a variety of shapes that are durable even with regular wear.

What is the most expensive gemstone cut?

10 Most Valuable Gemstones in the World
  • Red Beryl—$10,000 per carat.
  • Musgravite—$35,000 per carat.
  • Alexandrite—$70,000 per carat.
  • Emerald—$305,000 per carat.
  • Ruby—$1.18 million per carat.
  • Pink Diamond—$1.19 million per carat.
  • Jadeite—$3 million per carat.
  • Blue Diamond—$3.93 million per carat. FACTS ABOUT JEWELRY:THE $9 MILLION PEARL NECKLACE.

What is a quantum cut?

Quantum cutting (QC) is a phenomenon that one high-energy photon is converted into two or more than two photons with low energy.

What is a trillion cut stone?

Trillion cut diamonds (also called “trilliant” or “trillian”) are triangle-shaped stones (often with rounded sides), which were created for the first time in the Netherlands. Usually, trillion diamonds are used as accent stones around the center diamond on a piece of jewelry, but they can also be set as the main stone.

What is a rose cut gem?

Rose cut. gem cut. Rose cut, method of faceting gemstones so that the base of the stone is wide, flat, and unfaceted, whereas the top of the stone is domed and covered with triangular facets. Often in two rows, the facets are grouped so that the very highest part of the stone terminates in a point.

What is a checkerboard cut gem?

In a checkerboard cut, a faceter cuts the gem with square facets, so its crown and table resemble a checkerboard. This cut is often used on translucent stones.

What is the best cut for Ruby?

Brilliant cuts, such as round, pear or princess, enhance the light performance and brilliance of the ruby. Step cuts, like emerald and Asscher, and cuts with large facets like the old cushion cut, maximize the color and sometimes the size of the stone.

Which cut has the most facets?

Brilliant cut diamonds were designed to have the most facets and the most sparkle. Of these, the modern round brilliant diamond cut is the most popular. With 57 (sometimes 58) facets, the classic round shape paired with numerous facets grabs the light better than any other diamond shape.

How much does it cost to get a gem cut?

Stone Cutting Prices at Foggy Mountain Gem Mine in Boone NC
Type Single Two or More
Sapphire $50 $40/each
Aquamarine $40 $30/each
Garnet $40 $30/each
Amethyst $35 $25/each

How do you hand cut a gemstone?

To cut hard gems, use a faceting machine to grind them into the shape you want. If the gems are softer, like pearl or amber, you can use sandpaper and water to shape the gem. When picking a shape for your gemstone, choose one that's similar to the current shape of the stone so you don't waste a lot of it.

When did gem cutting?

Until the late Middle Ages, gems of all kinds were simply cut either en cabochon or, especially for purposes of incrustation, into flat platelets. The cutting known as faceting gradually developed from the first attempts in the 15th century, probably in France and the Netherlands.

How long does it take to facet a gemstone?

about five to eight hours

How do you facet a gem?

Faceting methodology consists of mounting a gem crystal on a metal dowel, (dopstick), which fits into a quill, then rigidly addressing the Height-Angle-Index triangle with the faceting machine, and touching the locked-in-place crystal to abrasive laps in two sequential operations, faceting first the top (called the “

What is a double cabochon?

Cabochon Cuts
The single cabochon has a convex or arched up top and flat base. The double cabochon has both a convex or arched top and bottom, with the top usually higher than the bottom. The hollow cabochon has a convex top and flat bottom, but the dome is hollowed out and polished.