What is the relationship between a primary key and a candidate key?

Asked By: Sharyn Obarrio | Last Updated: 22nd January, 2020
Category: technology and computing databases
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Candidate Key – A Candidate Key can be any column or a combination of columns that can qualify as unique key in database. There can be multiple Candidate Keys in one table. Each Candidate Key can qualify as Primary Key. Primary Key – A Primary Key is a column or a combination of columns that uniquely identify a record.

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Regarding this, what is a candidate key in relational database?

A candidate key is a column, or set of columns, in a table that can uniquely identify any database record without referring to any other data. Each table may have one or more candidate keys, but one candidate key is unique, and it is called the primary key.

Secondly, is a composite key a candidate key? Candidate Key: A nominee for primary key field is known as candidate key. Composite Key: Creating more than one primary key is jointly known as composite key. Update : A candidate key is a unique key that can be used as a primary key. Composite key is a key of two or more attributes that uniquely identifies the row.

Additionally, what is the difference between a candidate key and the primary key for a given relation What is a Superkey?

A candidate key is a set of columns that uniquely identifies rows and that contains no smaller ("proper") subset of columns that uniquely identifies rows. A superkey is a set of columns that uniquely identifies rows. So a candidate key is a superkey that contains no smaller superkey.

What is difference between primary key and alternate key?

Primary keys - Contain one or more columns whose combined values uniquely identify every row in a table. Each table can have only one primary key. Alternate keys - Contain one or more columns whose combined values uniquely identify every row in a table.

39 Related Question Answers Found

What is proper subset of candidate key?

A candidate key is a set of columns that uniquely identifies rows and that contains no smaller ("proper") subset of columns that uniquely identifies rows. A superkey is a set of columns that uniquely identifies rows. So a candidate key is a superkey that contains no smaller superkey.

What is 1nf 2nf 3nf?

Types of Normal Forms
A relation is in 1NF if it contains an atomic value. 2NF. A relation will be in 2NF if it is in 1NF and all non-key attributes are fully functional dependent on the primary key. 3NF. A relation will be in 3NF if it is in 2NF and no transition dependency exists.

What is candidate key example?

Candidate Key: The minimal set of attribute which can uniquely identify a tuple is known as candidate key. For Example, STUD_NO in STUDENT relation. The value of Candidate Key is unique and non-null for every tuple. For Example, {STUD_NO, COURSE_NO} is a composite candidate key for relation STUDENT_COURSE.

Can Super key be null?

A super key is a group of single or multiple keys which identifies rows in a table. Primary Key never accept null values while a foreign key may accept multiple null values.

Can foreign key have duplicate values?


Unlike primary keys, foreign keys can contain duplicate values. Also, it is OK for them contain NULL values. Indexes aren't automatically created for foreign keys; however, as a DBA, you can define them. A table is allowed to contain more than one foreign key.

Can foreign key be null?

A foreign key containing null values cannot match the values of a parent key, since a parent key by definition can have no null values. However, a null foreign key value is always valid, regardless of the value of any of its non-null parts. A table can have many foreign keys.

What is primary and foreign key?

Primary key uniquely identify a record in the table. Foreign key is a field in the table that is primary key in another table. Primary Key can't accept null values. Foreign key can accept multiple null value.

What does u mean by s4 super key?

A superkey is a combination of columns that uniquely identifies any row within a relational database management system (RDBMS) table. A candidate key is a closely related concept where the superkey is reduced to the minimum number of columns required to uniquely identify each row.

Is a Superkey a key?

SuperKey: A key that can be uniquely used to identify a database record, that may contain extra attributes that are not necessary to uniquely identify records. Candidate Key: A candidate key can be uniquely used to identify a database record without any extraneous data.

What is foreign key in DBMS?


Definition: Foreign keys are the columns of a table that points to the primary key of another table. They act as a cross-reference between tables. For example: In the below example the Stu_Id column in Course_enrollment table is a foreign key as it points to the primary key of the Student table.

Is every candidate key is a primary key?

Candidate Key – A Candidate Key can be any column or a combination of columns that can qualify as unique key in database. Each Candidate Key can qualify as Primary Key. Primary Key – A Primary Key is a column or a combination of columns that uniquely identify a record. Only one Candidate Key can be Primary Key.

Are all candidate keys super keys?

Super Key is an attribute (or set of attributes) that is used to uniquely identifies all attributes in a relation. Candidate Key is a proper subset of a super key. All super keys can't be candidate keys. But all candidate keys are super keys.

What is primary key and example?

A primary key is either an existing table column or a column that is specifically generated by the database according to a defined sequence. For example, students are routinely assigned unique identification (ID) numbers, and all adults receive government-assigned and uniquely-identifiable Social Security numbers.

What is super key candidate key?

A superkey is a set of attributes within a table whose values can be used to uniquely identify a tuple. A candidate key is a minimal set of attributes necessary to identify a tuple; this is also called a minimal superkey. employeeID is a candidate key.

What is secondary key?


Secondary Key is the key that has not been selected to be the primary key. However, it is considered a candidate key for the primary key. Therefore, a candidate key not selected as a primary key is called secondary key. Candidate key is an attribute or set of attributes that you can consider as a Primary key.

What is a key in database?

A Key is a data item that exclusively identifies a record. In other words, key is a set of column(s) that is used to uniquely identify the record in a table. Keys are also used to generate relationship among different database tables or views.

Are Composite Keys bad?

There is no conclusion that composite primary keys are bad. The best practice is to have some column or columns that uniquely identify a row. But in some tables a single column is not enough by itself to uniquely identify a row. SQL (and the relational model) allows a composite primary key.