What is the purpose of dissecting a fetal pig?

Asked By: Hourya Dahlweg | Last Updated: 21st April, 2020
Category: medical health ear nose and throat conditions
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A fetal pig dissection is helpful for anatomy studies because the size of the organs make them easy to find and identify. It is also interesting to do because a lot of the internal anatomy is similar to humans.

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Also, what is the purpose of a pig dissection?

Dissection allows students to see the body's structures in three dimensions (unlike in a textbook) and how the organ systems are interconnected. Dissecting more than one fetal pig demonstrates variations within the animal body.

Also, what is the function of the pericardium in a fetal pig? The pericardium is a membrane that surrounds the heart and lines the pericardial cavity. It contains a lubricating fluid and isolates the heart from body movements such as the expansion and contraction of the nearby pleural (lung) cavity.

Beside this, what is a fetal pig dissection?

Fetal pigs are unborn pigs used in elementary as well as advanced biology classes as objects for dissection. Pigs, as a mammalian species, provide a good specimen for the study of physiological systems and processes due to the similarities between many pig and human organs.

What is the function of the spleen in a fetal pig?

Spleen. The spleen is a flat organ located near the stomach. It performs several functions related to producing and maturing new blood cells and eliminating old ones. Blood passes through open sinuses in the spleen, rather than being confined to narrow blood vessels.

26 Related Question Answers Found

What Is an unborn pig called?

Match. What are unborn pigs called? fetal pigs.

How are pigs killed for dissection?

Fetal pigs used in dissection are cut from the bodies of their mothers, who are killed in slaughterhouses so people can eat their flesh. A PETA investigation found that workers at an Oklahoma farm were killing pigs by slamming their heads against the floor and beating them with a hammer.

Why is dissection a good thing?

The Importance of Dissection in Biology. The hands-on approach of dissection allows students to see, touch and explore the various organs. Seeing organs and understanding how they work within a single animal may strengthen students' comprehension of biological systems.

What is the age of your fetal pig?

The gestation period of the pig is about 115 days and the fetal pigs are approximately 30 cm in length at the end of this period. Mammals are vertebrates having hair on their body and mammary glands to nourish their young.

How is the pig anatomy similar to the human?


Pigs have all of the same thoracic and abdominal organs as humans. There are small differences in a few organs. Liver – the human liver has four lobes: right, left, caudate and quadrate. Intestines – there is a significant difference in the structure of the fetal pig colon compared to the human colon.

How are animals killed for dissection?

For instance, slaughterhouses provide fetal pigs, and fur farms sell skinned mink, foxes, and rabbits. Most of these animals led deprived or otherwise miserable lives and die in agony. Common methods of killing include: suffocation, anal electrocution, drowning, gas chambers, or euthanasia.

What senses do pigs rely on more than others?

Pigs rely mostly on their sense of smell and sense of hearing. These two senses compensate for their poor sense of sight. As you read on, you'll find more specifics about the senses that pigs use the most and learn how to create an environment that caters to their strengths and weaknesses based on their senses.

What is another name for nostrils in a fetal pig?

The external nares (nostrils) are found on the nose. Examine the ears. They have a flexible outer flap called the pinna. The pinna helps the pig hear by focusing the sound.

What substances are carried in the urethra fetal pig?

Liquid waste/ urine is carried in the urethra.

  • Taste focuses on sweet, salty, sour, bitter, or umami taste.
  • They constantly chew other organisms so their teeth keep growing because they are constantly being filed down.

Where is the small intestine located in a fetal pig?


Small Intestine – the small intestine is a large mass of coiled tube that fills the bottom half of the abdominal cavity. It is held in place by tissue called mesentery. Lift up a section of the intestine and pull it tight – the mesentery is the thin tissue filled with blood vessels.

Where is the esophagus Located in a fetal pig?

To find the esophagus, open up the thoracic cavity and you should be able to see the tube run from the neck all the way to the stomach. It may be easier to start from the stomach and work your way up to the neck just so you can't confuse it with the trachea, which ends at the lungs.

Are pigs born with their eyes open?

Pigs are naturally very hardy animals and have a will to survive. Their mother takes good care of them as they grow big and strong. Once they are born, they are immediately able to walk and run around with their eyes and ears wide open. This is something special unlike most other baby animals!

What is the function of the epiglottis in a fetal pig?

Epiglottis - The thin elastic cartilaginous structure located at the root of the tongue that folds over the glottis to prevent food and liquid from entering the trachea during the act of swallowing.

What are the three parts of the small intestine in a fetal pig?

Small Intestine, Pancreas and Liver
The small intestine is the major site of nutrient absorption, and is divided into three sections. The first section is the duodenum. The duodenum is approximately 12 inches long and is the portion of the small intestine that ducts from the pancreas and the liver (gall bladder).

What is the classification of a fetal pig?


The fetal pig belongs to the domain Eukarya, kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Suidae, genus Sus, and species Scrofa.

How many layers of abdominal muscle are there in a fetal pig?

It extends posteriorly to the pectoralis major, originating on the sternum and inserting near the proximal end of the humerus, also adducting the forelimb. There are three layers of muscle that forms the lateral wall of the abdomen, and a fourth muscle forms the ventral surface of the wall.

What is the function of the glottis in a pig?

Dorsal to this is an opening, the glottis, which leads into the larynx, part of the respiratory system. During swallowing the epiglottis forms a kind of lid over the glottis and deflects the food away from the glottis. When the epiglottis fails to do this, the food enters the glottis and choking results.