What is the minimum depth of a step?

Asked By: Rickie Cobian | Last Updated: 12th March, 2020
Category: sports walking
4/5 (65 Views . 31 Votes)
Staircase Tread (Run) Depth: 10 to 11 Inches, Minimum
A step tread is the flat, horizontal surface that you walk on. The tread depth is the distance from the front edge, or nosing (a tread projection that overhangs the riser below), of one step to the front edge or nose of the next step, measured horizontally.

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Also asked, what is the standard depth of a step?

The general rule (in the US) is 7-11 (a 7 inch rise and 11 inch run) (17.78cm-27.94cm). More exactly, no more than 7 3/4 inches (19.7cm) for the riser (vertical) and a minimum of 10 inches (25.4cm) for the tread (horizontal or step).

Subsequently, question is, at what height is a step required? Researchers found that the ideal step height is 7.2 inches and the ideal step length should be anywhere between 11 and 12 inches.

Consequently, what is the minimum depth of a stair tread?

11 inches

How wide does a step need to be?

- The stair treads should be at least 36 inches wide. But, we recommend that stairs should be at least 48 inches wide so they don't feel cramped. - The maximum allowable stair rise is 7 3/4 inches, and the minimum stair rise is 4 inches.

26 Related Question Answers Found

Is 45 degrees too steep for stairs?

Stairs are typically not defined by angle but by the size of the treads and risers. Using those dimensions a stair at 45° would have 7″ treads (too small) with 7″ risers or 11″ treads with 11″ risers (too big). So yes, a 45° stair is too steep and more importantly doesn't even come close to meeting the building code.

How wide is the average stair step?

The width of the tread from side to side is commonly stated as a minimum of 36 inches for residential construction and 48 inches for ADA compliant public buildings.

What is the formula for building steps?

Determining the Rise
You divide the height by 7 inches; if, say, the floor-to-floor distance is 8 feet, 10 inches (or 106 inches), then you'll need 15 treads (106 divided by 7 equals 15.14). Next, you divide the height by the number of treads (15 into 106), producing the exact tread height (7.06 inches).

What are the parts of a step?

Various Components or Parts of Staircase and their Details
  • Step. The step is composed of the tread and riser.
  • Tread. The part of the stairway that is stepped on.
  • Riser. The vertical portion between each tread on the stair.
  • Nosing.
  • Starting step or Bullnose.
  • Stringer, Stringer board or sometimes just String.
  • Winders.
  • Trim.

Do all stair risers have to be the same height?


Riser height is measured from top of tread to top of tread of the next step. If these are in the same staircase, then they can only vary 3/8" between the shortest riser and the tallest riser.

How do you calculate step length?

Distance in feet/number of steps = step length.
If you want to calculate your walking stride length, divide the number of steps you took by 2 and divide that number into the measured distance. If it took you 16 steps to cover 20 feet, divide the number of steps (16) by 2 to get the number of strides.

How many stairs until you need a landing?

Stairs with more than 36 risers in consecutive flights should have at least one change in direction between flights. For buildings other than dwellings, the maximum number of risers between landings should be 16 for utility stairs and 12 for general access stairs. There should not be any single steps.

How do you size steps?

Measure from the very bottom of the stairs to the top of the space where the stairs will be, which is the rise. Subtract 6-7 feet from the total rise to account for headroom, then divide that number by 6 or 7 inches to get the total number of stairs you'll need to build.

Do stairs require nosing?

You are not required to have an nosing/overhang on your stair treads. If your stairs don't have a nosing you are required to have a tread that is at least 11 inches long.

What is code for stair steps?


Stair riser heights shall be 7 inches (178 mm) maximum and 4 inches (102 mm) minimum. Stair tread depths shall be 11 inches (279 mm) minimum. The riser height shall be measured vertically between the leading edges of adjacent treads.

Do stair treads have to be rounded?

Stair treads usually already have the bullnose shape when you buy them, but you have to take care of that detail yourself if you're making the treads. You do it with a 1/2-inch round-over routing bit.

Do 2 steps require a handrail?

To get to your question - the code doesn't refer to the exterior in steps but states from finished floor or platform to finished grade in excess of 30" requires a guard rail. It's with interior they mention any stairway with more than 3 risers (2 steps) will require a handrail.

How wide do stair stringers need to be?

Cut stringers can be spaced no more than 18 inches on center, so a 3-foot-wide staircase needs three stringers, and a set of slightly wider stairs (say 3 feet 6 inches) needs four stringers. The maximum 18-inch spacing presumes treads of 5/4-inch wood decking or 2-by stock.

How deep should steps be?

So, if your steps are 10 inches deep, 8 inches high is the optimum riser height. For oversized steps, the depth should be increased, with the height of each step being reduced. If the tread is 12 inches deep, the riser should be close to 6 inches. The minimum height for any step should be at least 4 inches.

Are open stairs legal?


The building regulations stipulate that a 100mm sphere should not be able to fit through the staircase at any point. This means that, generally open riser staircases cannot have fully open risers.

How far should stair tread overhang riser?

Nosings, the overhanging portion, must be curved with a radius under 0.56 inches. If the risers are solid, the nosing must project between 0.75 and 1.25 inches, and must be uniform between two stories, with variations of less than 0.375 inches. This applies to nosings on treads and landings.

How many steps are in a mile?

An average person has a stride length of approximately 2.1 to 2.5 feet. That means that it takes over 2,000 steps to walk one mile; and 10,000 steps would be almost 5 miles. A sedentary person may only average 1,000 to 3,000 steps a day. For these people adding steps has many health benefits.