What is the highest occupied energy level of fluorine?

Asked By: Kevin Umayor | Last Updated: 6th February, 2020
Category: science chemistry
4.8/5 (794 Views . 40 Votes)
Fluorine has seven of eight possible electrons in its outermost energy level, which is energy level II. It would be more stable if it had one more electron because this would fill its outermost energy level.

Click to see full answer

Also question is, how many energy levels are occupied in an atom of oxygen?

Element Element Number Number of Electrons in each Level
Oxygen 8 6
Fluorine 9 7
Neon 10 8
Sodium 11 8

Subsequently, question is, how many energy levels does magnesium have? So for the element of MAGNESIUM, you already know that the atomic number tells you the number of electrons. That means there are 12 electrons in a magnesium atom. Looking at the picture, you can see there are two electrons in shell one, eight in shell two, and two more in shell three.

Thereof, what orbitals are occupied in fluorine?

Fluorine is the ninth element with a total of 9 electrons. In writing the electron configuration for fluorine the first two electrons will go in the 1s orbital. Since 1s can only hold two electrons the next 2 electrons for F go in the 2s orbital. The remaining five electrons will go in the 2p orbital.

How do you determine energy levels?

Number of energy levels in each period

  1. The atoms in the first period have electrons in 1 energy level.
  2. The atoms in the second period have electrons in 2 energy levels.
  3. The atoms in the third period have electrons in 3 energy levels.
  4. The atoms in the fourth period have electrons in 4 energy levels.

39 Related Question Answers Found

How do you calculate energy level?

The formula defining the energy levels of a Hydrogen atom are given by the equation: E = -E0/n2, where E0 = 13.6 eV (1 eV = 1.602×10-19 Joules) and n = 1,2,3… and so on. The energy is expressed as a negative number because it takes that much energy to unbind (ionize) the electron from the nucleus.

Does oxygen give or take electrons?

Oxygen is in group six in the periodic table so it has six electrons in its valence shell. This means that it needs to gain two electrons to obey the octet rule and have a full outer shell of electrons (eight). Because electrons have a charge of 1-, adding two electrons would make the charge of the oxide ion 2-.

What is meant by energy level?

Energy levels inside an atom are the specific energies that electrons can have when occupying specific orbitals. Electrons can be excited to higher energy levels by absorbing energy from the surroundings. Light is emitted when an electron relaxes from a high energy state to a lower one.

What is the highest occupied energy level?

The highest occupied energy level in an atom is the electron-containing main energy level with the highest number. b. What are inner-shell electrons? Inner-shell electrons are electrons that are not in the highest occupied energy level (sometimes referred to as “Kernel Electrons”).

How many shells does oxygen have?

So for the element of OXYGEN, you already know that the atomic number tells you the number of electrons. That means there are 8 electrons in an oxygen atom. Looking at the picture, you can see there are two electrons in shell one and six in shell two.

What information does 9 give about fluorine?

Fluorine has 9 protons. we know that atomic number of an atom is given by number of protons. Hence, the atomic number of Fluorine is 9. In a neutral atom, number of protons is equal to number of electrons but in the question no information is given on atom being neutral.

Why is 3rd shell 8 or 18?

Each shell can contain only a fixed number of electrons: The first shell can hold up to two electrons, the second shell can hold up to eight (2 + 6) electrons, the third shell can hold up to 18 (2 + 6 + 10) and so on. The general formula is that the nth shell can in principle hold up to 2(n2) electrons.

How do you fill orbitals?

RULES FOR FILLING ORBITALS. Rule 1 - Lowest energy orbitals fill first. Thus, the filling pattern is 1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, etc. Since the orbitals within a subshell are degenerate (of equal energy), the entire subshell of a particular orbital type is filled before moving to the next subshell of higher energy.

What is Hund rule?

Hund's Rule. Hund's rule: every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

Why are there only 2 electrons in the first shell?

This first shell has only one subshell (labeled 1s) and can hold a maximum of 2 electrons. This is why there are two elements in the first row of the periodic table (H & He). Because the first shell can only hold a maximum of 2 electrons, the third electron must go into the second shell.

What are Subshells?

A subshell is a subdivision of electron shells separated by electron orbitals. Subshells are labelled s, p, d, and f in an electron configuration.

Why first shell is called K shell?

He noticed that atoms appeared to emit two types of X-rays. As it turns out, the K type X-ray is the highest energy X-ray an atom can emit. It is produced when an electron in the innermost shell is knocked free and then recaptured. This innermost shell is now called the K-shell, after the label used for the X-ray.

What is the ground state of F?

Fluorine atoms have 9 electrons and the shell structure is 2.7. The ground state electron configuration of ground state gaseous neutral fluorine is [He]. 2s2. 2p5 and the term symbol is 2P3/2.

How do you find the Valency of magnesium?

For magnesium, valency is equal to the number of electrons (two) in valence shell. For oxygen, valency is equal to eight minus the number of electrons present in the outermost shell (8−6=2).

What is the Bohr model for magnesium?

Magnesium has 12 protons and 12 electrons. The first electron shell of a Bohr model holds 2 electrons. So far, 10 of magnesium's 12 electrons have been used, so only 2 remain. The remaining 2 are placed in the third electron shell, which is full when it holds 8 electrons.

How many lone pairs does magnesium have?

The central atom is magnesium (draw the molecules Lewis structure to see this). There are two electron pairs around magnesium and no lone pairs. There are two bonding electron pairs and no lone pairs.