What is the functional tissue of the breast that is responsible for making breast milk?

Asked By: Abderrazaq Patinka | Last Updated: 10th June, 2020
Category: medical health skin and dermatology
4.4/5 (429 Views . 34 Votes)
The mammary gland is a gland located in the breasts of females that is responsible for lactation, or the production of milk. Both males and females have glandular tissue within the breasts; however, in females the glandular tissue begins to develop after puberty in response to estrogen release.

Click to see full answer


In respect to this, what is the role of the sinuses in the breast which hormones stimulate lactation?

The posterior pituitary releases oxytocin, which stimulates myoepithelial cells to squeeze milk from the alveoli so it can drain into the lactiferous ducts, collect in the lactiferous sinuses, and discharge through the nipple pores.

One may also ask, where in the breast is milk stored? The breast is a gland consisting primarily of connective and fatty tissues that support and protect the milk producing areas of the breast. The milk is produced in small clusters of cells called alveoli. The milk travels down ducts to the nipples.

In this regard, how milk is produced in mammary gland?

These glands make breast milk. The milk travels from the mammary glands through tubes in your breasts called ducts. The milk collects in an area called the sinus. When your baby breastfeeds, the milk moves from the sinus out of the breast through tiny holes in the nipple.

What are the milk producing glands of the breast called?

The mammary glands located in the breast are responsible for producing milk for a suckling baby following childbirth. Each gland consists of a series of lobules, or glands that produce milk. They connect to ductal lobes, which connect to the lactiferous ducts.

39 Related Question Answers Found

What is Lactiferous sinus?

Medical Definition of lactiferous sinus
: an expansion in a lactiferous duct at the base of the nipple in which milk accumulates.

Can emotions affect breast milk?

Stress can affect breastfeeding in two ways: your milk supply and the contents of your milk. When you experience stress, your body responds by releasing cortisol, adrenaline and norepinephrine. Stress doesn't directly affect milk supply. The amount of milk your body makes depends on how often your baby nurses.

What causes a woman to lactate?

Reasons for lactating when not recently pregnant can range from hormone imbalances to medication side effects to other health conditions. The most common cause of breast milk production is an elevation of a hormone produced in the brain called prolactin. Elevation of prolactin can be caused by: medications.

Which part of the female breast is the milk secreting gland?


The mammary gland is a gland located in the breasts of females that is responsible for lactation, or the production of milk. Both males and females have glandular tissue within the breasts; however, in females the glandular tissue begins to develop after puberty in response to estrogen release.

Which structures of the female breast secrete milk during lactation?

These ducts exit from sac-like structures called lobules. The lobules in the breast are the glands that can produce milk in females when they receive the appropriate hormonal stimulation. The breast ducts transport milk from the lobules out to the nipple. The milk exits the ducts from the breast at the nipple.

What is the process of lactation?

Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young. The process occurs in all female mammals, although it predates the origin of mammals. Galactopoiesis is the maintenance of milk production. This stage requires prolactin and oxytocin.

What is breast alveoli?

A mammary alveolus (plural: alveoli, from Latin alveolus, "little cavity") is a small cavity or sac found in the mammary gland. Mammary alveoli are the site of milk production and storage in the mammary gland.

How do nipples lactate?

Milk ejection reflex. This is the mechanism by which milk is transported from the breast alveoli to the nipple. Suckling by the baby stimulates the paraventricular nuclei and supraoptic nucleus in the hypothalamus, which signals to the posterior pituitary gland to produce oxytocin.

Why is breast milk coming out of my areola?


The sinuses are flexible areas of the milk ducts and located just behind the areola. This is what causes the milk to flow from your breast and into her mouth. It's why you want a good, deep latch, because the more breast tissue your baby has in her mouth near her tongue, the more milk she'll be able to access.

How many mammary glands do humans have?

All the milk-secreting tissue leading to a single lactiferous duct is called a "simple mammary gland"; in a "complex mammary gland" all the simple mammary glands serve one nipple. Humans normally have two complex mammary glands, one in each breast, and each complex mammary gland consists of 10–20 simple glands.

Can human men produce milk?

Human male lactation
Human male breastfeeding is possible, but production of the hormone prolactin is necessary to induce lactation, so male lactation does not occur under normal conditions. Spontaneous production of milk not associated with childbirth, known as galactorrhea, can occur in males and females.

Is milk modified sweat?

Mammary glands are the organs that, in the female mammal, produce milk for the sustenance of the young. These exocrine glands are enlarged and modified sweat glands and are the characteristic of mammals which gave the class its name.

How do you stimulate your mammary glands?

Progesterone stimulates the development of the duct system. During pregnancy, these hormones enhance further development of the mammary glands. Prolactin from the anterior pituitary stimulates the production of milk within the glandular tissue, and oxytocin causes the ejection of milk from the glands.

How many milk ducts does a woman have?


The milk ducts, also called lactiferous ducts, are the tubes that carry your breast milk from where it is made in the glandular tissue of your breast out to your nipple. There are approximately 15 to 20 milk ducts located in your breast.

Why breast is called modified sweat gland?

The areola contains small, modified sweat glands known as Montgomery's tubercules. These glands secrete fluid that serves to lubricate the nipple during breastfeeding.

Can you feel the mammary gland?

The breast is composed of several glands and ducts that lead to the nipple and the surrounding colored area called the areola. These normal structures inside the breasts can sometimes make them feel lumpy. Such lumpiness may be especially noticeable in women who are thin or who have small breasts.