What is the function of the visual cortex?

Asked By: Oneka Agnoli | Last Updated: 2nd June, 2020
Category: medical health brain and nervous system disorders
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The visual cortex of the brain is that part of the cerebral cortex which processes visual information. It is located in the occipital lobe. Visual nerves run straight from the eye to the primary visual cortex to the visual association cortex.

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Also question is, how does the visual cortex work?

Visual perception begins as soon as the eye focuses light onto the retina, where it is absorbed by a layer of photoreceptor cells. These cells convert light into electrochemical signals, and are divided into two types, rods and cones, named for their shape.

Beside above, what happens when the visual cortex is damaged? Destruction of the primary visual cortex leads to blindness in the part of the visual field that corresponds to the damaged cortical representation. The area of blindness – known as a scotoma – is in the visual field opposite the damaged hemisphere and can vary from a small area up to the entire hemifield.

Hereof, what is the function of the visual association area?

For example, the visual association area on the lower part of the temporal lobe plays a primary role in your ability to recognize faces, dogs, cars, trees, etc., whereas the primary visual cortex is required for detecting basic features of the visual world: edges, light and dark, location, etc.

Where is the visual cortex of the brain?

Also known as the striate cortex, or simply V1, the primary visual cortex is located in the most posterior portion of the brain's occipital lobe . In fact, a large part of the primary visual cortex cannot be seen from the outside of the brain, because this cortex lies on either side of the calcarine fissure.

33 Related Question Answers Found

How much of the brain is involved in vision?

It is often said that 2/3 (60%+) of the brain is "involved" in vision. However possibly less than 20% of the brain is dedicated to "visual-only" functioning. The other 40% is doing vision+touch, or vision+motor, or vision+attention, or vision+spatial navigation, or vision+meaning, etc.

What part of the brain affects vision?

Occipital lobe.
The occipital lobe is the back part of the brain that is involved with vision.

What is meant by the visual pathway?

The visual pathway is the pathway over which a visual sensation is transmitted from the retina to the brain. This includes a cornea and lens that focuses images on the retina, and nerve fibers that carry the visual sensations from the retina through the optic nerve.

How do people perceive colors?

The human eye and brain together translate light into color. Light receptors within the eye transmit messages to the brain, which produces the familiar sensations of color. Rather, the surface of an object reflects some colors and absorbs all the others. We perceive only the reflected colors.

What happens when the right primary visual cortex is damaged?


Damage at site #4 and #5: damage to the optic tract (#4) or the fiber tract from the lateral geniculate to the cortex (#5) can cause identical visual loss. In this case, loss of vision of the right side. Partial damage to these fiber tracts can cause other predictable visual problems.

What part of the brain processes auditory information?

The auditory cortex is the part of the temporal lobe that processes auditory information in humans and many other vertebrates. It is a part of the auditory system, performing basic and higher functions in hearing, such as possible relations to language switching.

How do we visually perceive objects?

Physiologically, visual perception happens when the eye focuses light on the retina. Within the retina, there is a layer of photoreceptor (light-receiving) cells which are designed to change light into a series of electrochemical signals to be transmitted to the brain.

What are association areas in the brain?

Association areas: parts of the cerebral cortex that receive inputs from multiple areas; association areas integrate incoming sensory information, and also form connections between sensory and motor areas.

Why are the brain association areas important?

The association areas are not involved in primary motor or sensory functions. Rather, they interpret, integrate, and act on information processed by the sensory areas. They are involved in higher mental functions, such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking.

What happens when the prefrontal cortex is damaged?


The ventromedial prefrontal cortex processes feelings of empathy, shame, compassion and guilt. Damage to this part of the brain, which occupies a small region in the forehead, causes a diminished capacity for social emotions but leaves logical reasoning intact.

What happens if the association areas are damaged?

Damage in many areas of association cortex can produce higher level disorders of behavior. Apraxia is a disorder of motor control that may occur after damage in parietal association cortex, premotor cortex, or supplementary motor cortex. Apraxia may affect the muscles of speech and thus make speech difficult.

What is the primary function of the parietal lobe?

The brain is divided into lobes. The parietal lobe is at the back of the brain and is divided into two hemispheres. It functions in processing sensory information regarding the location of parts of the body as well as interpreting visual information and processing language and mathematics.

Where are association areas located?

Association areas can be located in the four cortical lobes of the Cerebral cortex. They are primarily involved in processing and integrating information from the senses and relate to higher mental abilities such as [[[thinking]] and reasoning.

What takes place in the cerebrum?

The frontal lobe, occipital lobe, temporal lobe and parietal lobe make up the cerebrum. The frontal lobe is responsible for problem-solving, voluntary body movement, sentence formation and personality. The occipital lobe is where processing of visual information takes place.

What part of the brain controls motor function?


The primary motor cortex, or M1, is one of the principal brain areas involved in motor function. M1 is located in the frontal lobe of the brain, along a bump called the precentral gyrus (figure 1a). The role of the primary motor cortex is to generate neural impulses that control the execution of movement.

Why do we need multiple visual areas?

Having more visual areas probably increases visual abilities, perhaps in part by allowing more stimulus parameters to be considered. Thus, increasing the number of visual or other cortical areas is an effective and apparently common mechanism for evolving new capacities.

What is the function of the Broca's area?

Function of Broca's Area
Broca's area is responsible for producing language. It controls motor functions involved with speech production. People who have damage to this area of the brain can understand words but struggle to put them together in speech.