What is the function of Mesocarp?

Asked By: Margareta Odekerken | Last Updated: 20th April, 2020
Category: food and drink desserts and baking
4.7/5 (424 Views . 39 Votes)
The mesocarp is the edible part of the fruit with a pulp rich in fatty acids, amino acids, and vitamins. The tree is also used as an oil source for the cosmetic and food industries, and the branches are used as firewood. The plant also provides shade for humans, food and other crops (Ayuk et al., 1999).

Click to see full answer


Likewise, what is the function of Endocarp?

In dry fruits the endocarp plays a primary role in seed dispersal. Dry fruits are generally categorized as either dehiscent or indehiscent depending on whether or not the pericarp splits open at maturity. Wisteria represents an extreme case in which the pods are explosive, ejecting the seeds very long distances.

Also, what is the innermost part of a fruit called? Explanation: The central innermost part of the fruit is called seed.

Additionally, what is the Exocarp made of?

The exocarp consists of a cuticle and a layer of epidermal cells up to 20 μm in places. In surface view the cuticle is striated. Epidermal cells are polygonal in shape and vary in size up to about 133 μm. Stomata are present but not numerous.

Why is coconut a drupe?

A coconut is all of these: a seed, a fruit and a nut! Coconut is a seed because it is the reproductive part of the tree, coconut is a fruit because it is a fibrous one-seeded drupe and coconut is a nut because a loose definition of a nut is nothing but a one-seeded 'fruit'.

22 Related Question Answers Found

What is pericarp in biology?

The pericarp is the part of a fruit formed from the wall of the ripened ovary. It surrounds the seeds.

What is found inside a fruit?

They are fruit because they all have blossoms which mature into plant parts with juicy flesh. Inside the juicy flesh are seeds. Fruits contain seeds. When they make waste, they deposit the seeds that were inside the fruit.

What part of a fruit do we eat?

-----A fruit is a fruit if the seed is surrounded by a fleshy part that we eat. Foods such as apples, bananas, cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes, squash are all fruits because there is a fleshy part around the seed that we eat. -----True vegetables are the leaves, stems or immature flowers of plants.

Which part of the fruit contains the embryo?


The fertilized egg becomes an embryo. The wall of the ovule thickens and forms a seed, thus enclosing and protecting the embryo. The ovary wall also thickens and develops into a fruit. In some plants such as apples, the ovary walls become fleshy and contain stored sugars and starches.

Is an apple a berry?

Subcategories within the fruit family—citrus, berry, stonefruit or drupe (peaches, apricots), and pome (apples, pears)—are determined by which parts of the flower/ovary give rise to the skin, flesh and seeds. But no, they're actually considered a berry, too—with one, giant seed.

Why is coconut not a nut?

With that loose definition, a coconut can also be a nut. However, a coconut is not a true nut. A true nut, such as the acorn, are indehiscent or do not open at maturity to release its seeds. The seeds are released when the fruit wall decays or are digested by an animal.

Is corn a fruit?

To complicate things a little more, many grains including popcorn are considered to be a fruit. This is because they come from the seed or flower part of the plant. In contrast, vegetables are from the leaves, stems, and other parts of a plant. So, corn is actually a vegetable, a whole grain, and a fruit.

What is the inside of a mango called?

u?? Jul 16 '18 at 11:17. 1. And in American English, the thing inside an avocado (or mango &c) is called a seed probably as often as stone or pit. –

What do you call the skin of a pineapple?


Parts of a Pineapple
The Spanish called pineapples the 'Pine of the Indies' because they were both hard and spiky. The skin is too rough to eat, so most people eat the flesh of a pineapple, or the inside, after removing the skin. This is called a crown, and it is not for eating.

What part of an apple do we eat?

Pulp. The pulp, also called the flesh, is just beneath the skin of the apple. This part of the apple contains a great deal of nutrition including pectin, vitamin C, calcium and other minerals. This part of the apple is also the sweetest.

Are oranges ovaries?

The Whole Bushel
In a botanical sense, a fruit is usually restricted to sweet, fleshy foods like bananas, oranges, and peaches. But in a biological sense, cereal grains, nuts, and tomatoes are mature ovaries, and thus, fruits. The fruit encases and protects the seed while it grows.

What are one seeded fruits called?

Fruits with a single seed are the avocado (technically a berry), date, olive, and mango, as well as cherries, kumquats, apricots, plums, peaches, and nectarines. Asian fruits include the rambutan, longan (dragon's eye), duhat (jambul, jamun, java plum), and siniguela (sarguela).

What are the fruit classifications?

Types of fruit
  • Drupe - has fleshy fruit and a single seed with a hard endocarp eg peaches, coconut and olives.
  • Berry - has many seeds eg tomatoes, peppers and cucumber but not strawberries!
  • Aggregate fruit - develop from one flower with many pistils eg strawberries.
  • Legumes - split along two sides eg beans, peas.

What is the center of an apple called?


Q: What is the middle part of an apple called? (This is the hard area that contains the seeds.) A: It's called a core. / It's an apple core. Some apples are yellow.

What is a Drupelet?

Definition of drupelet. : a small drupe specifically : one of the individual parts of an aggregate fruit (such as the raspberry)

What is a simple fruit?

A simple fruit always develops from a single ovary containing one or more carpels and may or may not include additional modified accessory floral (perianth) structures. In addition, a simple fruit is either fleshy or dry. Fleshy fruits include the berry, drupe, pome, pepo, and hesperidium.