What is the function of dendrites?

Asked By: Marizol Gandaio | Last Updated: 24th June, 2020
Category: medical health brain and nervous system disorders
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Function of Dendrites
In order for neurons to become active, they must receive action potentials or other stimuli. Dendrites are the structures on the neuron that receive electrical messages. These signals will accumulate in the cell body, or soma, of the neuron after being received by the dendrites.

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Likewise, what is the function of axon and dendrites?

Dendrites – receive impulses from other neurons and carry them to the cell body and Axon – carry impulses away from cell body and toward another neuron.

Furthermore, what is the function of the cell body? The cell body is the spherical part of the neuron that contains the nucleus and connects to the dendrites, which bring information into the neuron, and the axon, which sends information to other neurons. The job of the cell body is to control all of the functions of the cell.

Moreover, what is the function of the dendrites quizlet?

The function of dendrites is to: receive incoming signals from other neurons. In transmitting sensory information to the brain, an electrical signal travels from the ________ of a single neuron.

What is the function of a Axon?

An axon, is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body. Myelinated axons are known as nerve fibers. The function of the axon is to transmit information to different neurons, muscles and glands.

38 Related Question Answers Found

What is the main function of Axon?

An axon, is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body. Myelinated axons are known as nerve fibers. The function of the axon is to transmit information to different neurons, muscles and glands.

What is an example of an axon?

Axon. An axon, or nerve fiber, is a long slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body or soma. The longest axons in the human body, for example, are those of the sciatic nerve, which run from the base of the spine to the big toe of each foot.

What is an axon made of?

There are two types of axons in the nervous system: myelinated and unmyelinated axons. Myelin is a layer of a fatty insulating substance, which is formed by two types of glial cells Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes. In the peripheral nervous system Schwann cells form the myelin sheath of a myelinated axon.

Where is Axon located?

Structure of a neuron. At one end of the cell body (and indeed, around most of its periphery) are many small, branching protrusions called dendrites. Extending from the other end of the cell body at a location called the axon hillock is the axon, a long, thin, tube-like protrusion.

What is the longest neuron in the human body?


The longest neuron in the human body has a single threadlike projection (the axon), a few micrometers in diameter, that reaches from the base of the spine to the foot, a distance of up to one meter." For axon length of over a meter see Cavanagh (1984, PMID 6144984 p.

What is neuron and its function?

Neuron. Neurons (also known as neurones, nerve cells and nerve fibers) are electrically excitable cells in the nervous system that function to process and transmit information. In vertebrate animals, neurons are the core components of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves.

What is myelin for?

Myelin is an insulating layer, or sheath that forms around nerves, including those in the brain and spinal cord. It is made up of protein and fatty substances. This myelin sheath allows electrical impulses to transmit quickly and efficiently along the nerve cells.

What does the axon hillock do?

structure of axon
…at a region called the axon hillock, or initial segment. This is the region where the plasma membrane generates nerve impulses; the axon conducts these impulses away from the soma or dendrites toward other neurons.

What are dendrites responsible for?

Dendrites are the segments of the neuron that receive stimulation in order for the cell to become active. They conduct electrical messages to the neuron cell body for the cell to function.

How do dendrites receive information?


Dendrites. Dendrites are tree-like extensions at the beginning of a neuron that help increase the surface area of the cell body. These tiny protrusions receive information from other neurons and transmit electrical stimulation to the soma. Dendrites are also covered with synapses.

What do dendrites connect to?

The Dendrites
Dendrites are appendages that are designed to receive communications from other cells. They resemble a tree-like structure, forming projections that become stimulated by other neurons and conduct the electrochemical charge to the cell body (or, more rarely, directly to the axons).

What are dendrites?

Dendrites are projections of a neuron (nerve cell) that receive signals (information) from other neurons. The transfer of information from one neuron to another is achieved through chemical signals and electric impulses, that is, electrochemical signals.

What are dendrites in the brain?

Dendrites are appendages that are designed to receive communications from other cells. They resemble a tree-like structure, forming projections that become stimulated by other neurons and conduct the electrochemical charge to the cell body (or, more rarely, directly to the axons).

What are the synapse?

In the nervous system, a synapse is a structure that permits a neuron (or nerve cell) to pass an electrical or chemical signal to another neuron or to the target effector cell. In many synapses, the presynaptic part is located on an axon and the postsynaptic part is located on a dendrite or soma.

What is the structure of dendrites?


The Dendrites (Greek, dendr /o: tree) of a neuron are its many short, branching fibers extending from the cell body or soma. These fibers increase the surface area available for receiving incoming information. Dendrites are generally very thin appendages that get narrower as they extend further away from the soma.

What is the function of nissl bodies?

Nissl body is also called as nissl substance. It is a large granular body present in neurons. Their main function is to synthesize and release proteins that are important for neuronal growth and regeneration of axons. It is made up of rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) and free ribosomes.

What is the function of a neuron quizlet?

Neurons are the cells that transmit nerve impulses between parts of the nervous system. Dendrites are extensions leading toward cell body that receives signal from other neurons and send them to the cell body.