What is the difference between periodontal abscess and periapical abscess?

Asked By: Cleia Klausli | Last Updated: 8th June, 2020
Category: medical health infectious diseases
4.4/5 (57 Views . 17 Votes)
A periodontal abscess occurs alongside a tooth, and is different from the more common periapical abscess, which represents the spread of infection from a dead tooth (i.e. which has undergone pulpal necrosis). In contrast to a periapical abscess, periodontal abscesses are usually associated with a vital (living) tooth.

Click to see full answer

Accordingly, what causes a periodontal abscess?

A gum abscess occurs when bacteria in the mouth causes an infection in the space between the teeth and the gums. Some gum abscesses result from periodontitis disease, which is caused by poor oral hygiene.

Furthermore, what is an acute periapical abscess? Acute apical abscess is the most common form of dental abscess and is caused by infection of the root canal of the tooth. It is usually localized intraorally, but in some cases the apical abscess may spread and result in severe complications or even mortality.

Consequently, what does a periodontal abscess look like?

A periodontal abscess is a pocket of pus in the tissues of the gum. It looks like a small red ball pushing out of the swollen gum. If the pus can't drain, it forms an abscess. An abscess can cause a fever and a throbbing pain in nearby teeth.

What is the difference between a tooth abscess and a gum abscess?

If a tooth develops a crack or decay, then the soft, living tissues inside of it may become exposed to bacteria. The bacteria cause infection, which can spread down the tooth root into its tip. It is here where the abscess pus pocket develops. This abscess is also called a gum abscess.

36 Related Question Answers Found

How long does a periodontal abscess take to heal?

Antibiotics normally are effective in controlling the abscess; most of the symptoms will be alleviated within two days, and the abscess typically will heal after five days of antibiotic treatment. If the infection is limited to the abscessed area, antibiotics may not be necessary.

Will antibiotics clear up gum abscess?

Penicillin is the usual antibiotic used to treat mild or moderate infections. Because antibiotics alone don't always penetrate the abscess very well, the abscess may also be surgically drained. Most dental abscesses are straightforward to treat and resolve completely after they are drained.

Will a periodontal abscess go away?

A tooth abscess won't go away without treatment. If the abscess ruptures, the pain may decrease significantly — but you still need dental treatment. If the abscess doesn't drain, the infection may spread to your jaw and to other areas of your head and neck.

Can I pop a periodontal abscess?

The pus can usually be drained and the tooth can be saved if it is not badly broken down. If left untreated, the abscess may burst on to the skin of the face or into the mouth.

How do you bring an abscess to a head?

Abscess Treatment: Self-Care at Home
  1. If the abscess is small (less than 1 cm or less than a half-inch across), applying warm compresses to the area for about 30 minutes 4 times daily may help.
  2. Do not attempt to drain the abscess by squeezing or pressing on it.

Does salt water help abscess?

Rinsing with warm salt water two to three times a day may help to relieve a toothache if the abscess was caused by a gum infection. Salt water works as an antiseptic to remove bacteria from the infected area.

How do you treat a periodontal abscess?

Treatment
  1. Open up (incise) and drain the abscess. The dentist will make a small cut into the abscess, allowing the pus to drain out, and then wash the area with salt water (saline).
  2. Perform a root canal. This can help eliminate the infection and save your tooth.
  3. Pull the affected tooth.
  4. Prescribe antibiotics.

Can I drain an abscess with a needle?

If the internal abscess is small, your surgeon may be able to drain it using a fine needle. Once the abscess has been located, the surgeon drains the pus using the needle. They may make a small incision in your skin over the abscess, then insert a thin plastic tube called a drainage catheter into it.

What does an abscess look like?

Abscesses usually are red, swollen, and warm to the touch, and might leak fluid. They can develop on top of the skin, under the skin, in a tooth, or even deep inside the body. On top of the skin, an abscess might look like an unhealed wound or a pimple; underneath the skin, it may create a swollen bump.

How do you get an abscess to drain on its own?

If the abscess is small (less than 1 cm or less than ½ inch across), applying warm compresses to the area for about 30 minutes, four times daily may help. Once the boil drains, it should heal on its own, though this may take several weeks. Do not attempt to drain the abscess by pressing on it.

How do I know if my tooth abscess is spreading?

Signs of a tooth infection spreading to the body may include:
  1. fever.
  2. swelling.
  3. dehydration.
  4. increased heart rate.
  5. increased breathing rate.
  6. stomach pain.

What happens after an abscess drains?

You can expect a little pus drainage for a day or two after the procedure. Your doctor may also prescribe antibiotic therapy to help your body fight off the initial infection and prevent subsequent infections. Pain relieving medications may also be recommended for a few days.

What happens if an abscess pops inside your mouth?

At first, the abscess may cause a toothache, which can be severe. The tooth's nerve can become infected and the infection can burrow through to the gum, forming a visible boil that can rupture in the mouth. Once the abscess ruptures, the pain often decreases significantly, but dental treatment is still necessary.

Is a gum abscess an emergency?

Abscessed Tooth
A dental abscess is a severe and potentially life-threatening condition in which a pocket of pus in the tooth has led to an infection. This condition is an emergency as the infection can spread into your jaw, surrounding tissue, and to other areas of the body.

How long can an abscess go untreated?

Your skin abscess is on your face or spine. If left untreated, the abscess may spread to your brain or spinal cord. The abscess is large, hasn't healed within two weeks, and you also have a fever. The abscess appears to be spreading to other parts of your body.

Can an abscessed tooth kill you?

It's not so much that you'll die of pain, of course, but dentists and research confirm that an untreated abscess can infect other parts of the body, either through the bones or the bloodstream. Most people won't die from a toothache, but it's a condition that if left untreated can lead to the worst: a fatal result.

What does a tooth abscess look and feel like?

There is swelling on the gum tissue that is filled with pus. The raised swelling looks like a pimple near the affected tooth. Other signs of a tooth abscess are a bad taste or bad odor in the mouth. Swelling of the face, jaw, or surrounding lymph nodes often signals a growing infection.