What is the difference between European Union and European Commission?

Asked By: Fethi Ulmer | Last Updated: 26th May, 2020
Category: business and finance financial regulation
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The European Commission is the EU's politically independent executive arm. It is alone responsible for drawing up proposals for new European legislation, and it implements the decisions of the European Parliament and the Council of the EU.

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Likewise, what is the difference between the European Council and the European Commission?

The European Council is a strategic decision making body that “defines the EU's overall political direction and priorities.” European Commission is the executive body. They do the actual dirty work on drafting the legislation and running the EU. The European Commission is the EU's politically independent executive arm.

Subsequently, question is, how is the European Commission selected? The Commission consists of 28 members, one from each member state. Its president is nominated by the national leaders and then elected by the European Parliament by majority vote. The European Parliament must approve the Commission as a whole but does not vote on individual commissioners.

Furthermore, what is the role of the European Commission?

The European Commission (EC) is the executive branch of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.

Why did the UK leave the EU?

The UK allows free movement of citizens of other member states of the European Union because it has access to the European Single Market.

26 Related Question Answers Found

Which EU institution is the most powerful?

the Council of the European Union

Which does the European Council do in the government of the European Union?

The European Council, formed by the heads of state or government of the Member States, provides the necessary impetus for the development of the European Union and sets out the general political guidelines. The Commission President is also a non-voting member.

Is the European Council democratic?

In the European Union, there are two sources of democratic legitimacy: the European Parliament, chosen by the electorates of the individual EU countries; and the Council of the European Union (the "Council of Ministers"), together with the European Council (of heads of national governments), that represent the peoples

How is the EU structured?

the EU's broad priorities are set by the European Council, which brings together national and EU-level leaders. directly elected MEPs represent European citizens in the European Parliament. the interests of the EU as a whole are promoted by the European Commission, whose members are appointed by national governments.

Is the European Commission elected?


The post was established in 1958. Each new president is nominated by the European Council and formally elected by the European Parliament, for a five-year term.

Is the European Council supranational or intergovernmental?

Supranational. By contrast, the EU European Council is intergovernmental. The European Council is the EU heads of state or governments, meeting several time a year and discuss broad objectives. The European Council has no judicial or legislative powers.

How does the European Council make decisions?

Decision-making in the EU
Heads of state and government make decisions on general policies in the European Council. The Commission makes proposals for new laws. The Council of Ministers and Parliament approve the laws together. The Commission controls that decisions are followed in all member states.

Where is the European Commission located?

Most Commission departments are located in Brussels or Luxembourg, but the Commission has offices in every EU country. Offices outside the EU are called delegations and are run by the European External Action Service.

How much does the EU commission cost?

Budget of the European Union
Submitted by European Commission
Submitted to Economic and Financial Affairs Council
Parliament European Parliament
Total revenue €148.2 billion
Total expenditures €148.2 billion

What does the EU president do?


President of the European Commission
The president, as part of this institution, is responsible for the political direction, logistics and implementation of European law and held accountable to both the European Parliament and Council of the European Union.

Which countries are in the EU?

The EU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

How do I contact the European Commission?

You can call the toll-free number 00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11 from anywhere in the EU during opening hours (9h00-18h00 CET on weekdays) or simply send an email in any of the official EU languages.

How much does an EU commissioner earn?

Salaries. A Commissioner's basic monthly salary is fixed at 112.5% of the top civil service grade. This works out at €22,367.04 per month. The President is paid at 138% (€27,436.90 per month), Vice-Presidents at 125% (€24,852.26 per month) and the High Representative at 130% (€25,846.35 per month).

Do EU employees pay tax?


EU civil and other servants work 40 hours a week, though they are theoretically available 24/7. This salary is taxed by the EU, rather than at the national level. Taxation varies between 8% and 45% depending on individual circumstances.

How does the EU election work?

Most of the member states of the European Union elect their MEPs with a single constituency covering the entire state, using party-list proportional representation. In addition, the method of calculating the quota and the election threshold vary from country to country.