What is the difference between common name and Iupac name?

Asked By: Exiquio Rulaffs | Last Updated: 3rd April, 2020
Category: science chemistry
4/5 (160 Views . 42 Votes)
Common name is just the name that we use in our regular life while IUPAC name is the name that follows the chemistry rules for naming a compound.

Click to see full answer


Also question is, what is common name in chemistry?

A common name is defined by the IUPAC as a name that unambiguously defines a chemical, yet does not follow the current systematic naming convention.

One may also ask, what is the common name of NaCl? Sodium chloride

In respect to this, what does the Iupac name mean?

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

What are 10 common chemicals used at home?

Common Chemicals found in the Home

  • Alcohol ( ethanol ) C2H6O.
  • Alka Seltzer* ( sodium bicarbonate )
  • Antifreeze ( ethylene glycol )
  • Antiperspirant (aluminum chlorohydrate)
  • Aspirin®* ( acetylsalicylic acid )
  • Baking powder ( sodium bicarbonate )
  • Battery acid ( sulphuric acid )
  • Bleach, laundry ( sodium hypochlorite )

39 Related Question Answers Found

What is chemical name of drug?

The chemical name of a drug. A term referring to the chemical makeup of a drug rather than to the advertised brand name under which the drug is sold. A term referring to any drug marketed under its chemical name without advertising.

What are 3 compounds?

Compounds Examples
  • Water - Formula: H2O = Hydrogen2 + Oxygen.
  • Hydrogen Peroxide - Formula: H2O2 = Hydrogen2 + Oxygen2
  • Salt - Formula: NaCl = Sodium + Chlorine.
  • Baking Soda - Formula: NaHCO3 = Sodium + Hydrogen + Carbon + Oxygen3
  • Octane - Formula: C8H18 = Carbon8 + Hydrogen18

What is the common name?

common name (plural common names) (taxonomy) The name by which a species is known to the general public, rather than its taxonomic or scientific name. Used other than with a figurative or idiomatic meaning: see common,‎ name.

What is the chemical name for milk?

Milk's composition differs depending on type of mammal, or where and when the milk was produced. However the main composition of milk is carbohydrate (Lactose), fat, protein, vitamins and minerals, enzymes. Waters molecular formula for water is H20.

What are systematic names in chemistry?


Systematic name. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A systematic name is a name given in a systematic way to one unique group, organism, object or chemical substance, out of a specific population or collection. Systematic names are usually part of a nomenclature.

How do you write common names in organic chemistry?

An example of the difference between common and IUPAC nomenclature is the chemical CH3COOH. Using 'common' nomenclature, the chemical is named 'acetic acid'. However, under IUPAC nomenclature, the chemical is named 'ethanoic acid'.

Rules for Writing Common Names.
No. of Carbon Prefix
2 Acet
3 Propion
4 Butyl
5 Valer

What are the 10 alkanes?

These are organic molecules that consist only of hydrogen and carbon atoms in a tree-shaped structure (acyclic or not a ring). These are commonly known as paraffins and waxes. Here is a list of the first 10 alkanes.

List the Simplest Hydrocarbons.
methane CH4
ethane C2H6
propane C3H8
butane C4H10
pentane C5H12

How do you know which carbon chain is the longest?

The longest continuous carbon chain has seven C atoms, so this molecule is named as a heptane. There is a two-carbon substituent on the main chain, which is an ethyl group. To give the substituent the lowest numbering, we number the chain from the right side and see that the substituent is on the third C atom.

What are ethers used for?

Due to its anesthetic effects, ether is also used as an illicit drug to induce sedation and euphoria. Ether can also be used as a solvent to create perfumes, refine other waxes or fats, or create other drugs.

How do you name Esters?


Esters can be named using a few steps
Esters are named as if the alkyl chain from the alcohol is a substituent. No number is assigned to this alkyl chain. This is followed by the name of the parent chain from the carboxylic acid part of the ester with an –e remove and replaced with the ending –oate.

Where do we get alkanes from?

Occurrence of alkanes on Earth
The most important commercial sources for alkanes are natural gas and oil. Natural gas contains primarily methane and ethane, with some propane and butane: oil is a mixture of liquid alkanes and other hydrocarbons.

Where are ethers found?

Ethers are not widely distributed but are found in some common essential oils, for example: anise, basil, cinnamon leaf, and fennel. Ethers are less aggressive on the skin than phenols.

What is a 5 carbon ring called?

The most common ring compounds contain either 5 or 6 carbons. These compounds are also called cyclic. Cyclopentane: Although the simplest representation is that of a line drawing of a pentagon as shown on the left.

How do you name a ketone?

Generally, the common names of ketones consist of the names of the groups attached to the carbonyl group, followed by the word ketone. (Note the similarity to the naming of ethers.) Another name for acetone, then, is dimethyl ketone. The ketone with four carbon atoms is ethyl methyl ketone.

What is an example of nomenclature?


Nomenclature is defined as a system of names and terms used in a particular field of study or community. An example of nomenclature is the language of sculpture. YourDictionary definition and usage example. Copyright © 2018 by LoveToKnow Corp.

What is a 12 carbon chain called?

Other groups which are attached to the parent chain are called substituents. Alkanes - saturated hydrocarbons. The names of the straight chain saturated hydrocarbons for up to a 12 carbon chain are shown below.

What is full form chemistry?

Here is the full form of CHEMISTRY:- C-Carbon, H-Hydrogen, E-Eintenium, M-manganese, I-iodine, S-Sulphur, T-Titanium, R-Radium, Y-Yterbium.