What is phonemic variation?

Asked By: Jiachen Taieb | Last Updated: 26th March, 2020
Category: education special education
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Updated March 27, 2020. In phonetics and phonology, free variation is an alternative pronunciation of a word (or of a phoneme in a word) that doesn't affect the word's meaning. Free variation is "free" in the sense that a different pronunciation doesn't result in a different word or meaning.

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Also, what is meant by free variation?

Definition: Free variation is the interchangeable relationship between two phones, in which the phones may substitute for one another in the same environment without causing a change in meaning. Discussion: Free variation may occur between allophones or phonemes.

Similarly, what are the types of phonemes? There are a total of 44 phonemes in the English language, which include consonants, short vowels, long vowels, diphthongs, and triphthongs. Phonemes have distinct functions in the English language, such as the /b/, /t/, and /d/ consonant sounds that are missing in some languages.

Considering this, what is the difference between phonetic and phonemic?

Differences between phonemic and phonetic transcriptions. Phonetic transcriptions provide more details on how the actual sounds are pronounced, while phonemic transcriptions represent how people interpret such sounds. We use square brackets to enclose phones or sounds and slashes to enclose phonemes.

What is a phonemic inventory?

The phoneme inventory of a language is the set of speech sounds that are distinctive. It is a property of English that these vowels are distinguished: in another language the difference between oː and ou may not be linguistically relevant.

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What is lexical variation?

LEXICAL VARIATION • A lexical variation is to use a linguistic element instead of other without making changes in the meaning of words or phrases.

What is sound variation?

Sound is a variation in pressure. A region of increased pressure on a sound wave is called a compression (or condensation). A region of decreased pressure on a sound wave is called a rarefaction (or dilation).

What are allophones examples?

noun. Linguistics A predictable phonetic variant of a phoneme. For example, the aspirated t of top, the unaspirated t of stop, and the tt (pronounced as a flap) of batter are allophones of the English phoneme /t/.

What is an Allophonic variation?

Allophone. In linguistics, an allophone is one of two or more variations of the sound of the same phoneme. (A phoneme is a perceptually distinct unit of sound in a specified language that distinguishes one word from another.)

What is phonetic similarity?


Phonetically similar segments are two or more sounds which share phonetic features and are frequently found as variants of a single phonological unit in a language. Discussion: Most phonetically similar segments are adjacent to each other in a phone chart, and differ only slightly in one or two articulatory features.

What is an allophone of a phoneme?

In linguistics, a phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in speech. An allophone defines the variations in phonemes. The word allophone is from the Greek words other and sound. Allophones describe phonemes whose sound changes depending on the letters that surround it.

What is a minimal pair in linguistics?

In phonology, minimal pairs are pairs of words or phrases in a particular language, spoken or signed, that differ in only one phonological element, such as a phoneme, toneme or chroneme, and have distinct meanings. They are used to demonstrate that two phones are two separate phonemes in the language.

What is complementary distribution in phonetics?

Complementary Distribution. Definition: Complementary distribution is the mutually exclusive relationship between two phonetically similar segments. It exists when one segment occurs in an environment where the other segment never occurs.

What is an example of phonemic awareness?

' Phonemic awareness refers to the specific ability to focus on and manipulate individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words. Phonemes are the smallest units comprising spoken language. For example, the word 'mat' has three phonemes: /m/ /a/ /t/.

What are the 44 phonemes?


  • this, feather, then.
  • /ng/ ng, n.
  • sing, monkey, sink.
  • /sh/ sh, ss, ch, ti, ci.
  • special.
  • /ch/ ch, tch.
  • chip, match.
  • /zh/ ge, s.

How many phonemes are in the word phonetics?

The 44 English sounds fall into two categories: consonants and vowels. Below is a list of the 44 phonemes along with their International Phonetic Alphabet symbols and some examples of their use.

Is a letter a phoneme?

If a phoneme is the smallest unit of sound that can differentiate meaning, then a grapheme is the smallest unit of written language that can differentiate meaning. The letter a is an example of a grapheme. The sound(phoneme) the grapheme a makes can be /a/ as in apple.

What is the difference between phonemic awareness and phonics?

Phonics involves the relationship between sounds and written symbols, whereas phonemic awareness involves sounds in spoken words. Therefore, phonics instruction focuses on teaching sound-spelling relationships and is associated with print. Most phonemic awareness tasks are oral.

What is narrow transcription in phonetics?

Broad and narrow transcriptions. There is no such thing as the transcription of a word. Narrow transcription: captures as many aspects of a specific pronunciation as possible and ignores as few details as possible. Using the diacritics provided by the IPA, it's possible to make very subtle distinctions between sounds.

What is phonemic translation?


Phonological translation means translating a word from the Sources Language into the closest sound in the Target Language. Meanwhile, transferred word translation means transferring a word in Sources Language into Target Language.

What is a phoneme example?

A phoneme is a sound or a group of different sounds perceived to have the same function by speakers of the language or dialect in question. An example is the English phoneme /k/, which occurs in words such as cat, kit, scat, skit.

How do you identify phonemes in words?

It starts with 3 consonants clustered together: /s/p/l/. Then comes the vowel /a/, and a final phoneme /sh/, spelled with a digraph. Count 'em up: /s/p/l/a/sh/ — 5 phonemes. The phoneme /r/ sounds like a chain saw, /rrr/.