What is monophonic homophonic and polyphonic?

Asked By: Aila Kornfeld | Last Updated: 8th May, 2020
Category: video gaming music and party video games
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The terms monophony and polyphony have very straight-forward literal meanings. When sung by multiple voices in unison (i.e. the same pitch), this music is still considered monophonic. When doubled at the octave or other interval, as is done not infrequently in practice, it is arguably homophonic (see below).

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Furthermore, what is homophonic and polyphonic?

Homophony is the concept of a single 'line' as such, potentially split across several parts, but all moving at the same time - parts mainly follow the same rhythm. Polyphony is when there is multiple melody lines at the same time, interacting with each other. Homophonic.

Secondly, what are the 4 types of musical texture? In musical terms, particularly in the fields of music history and music analysis, some common terms for different types of texture are:

  • Monophonic.
  • Polyphonic.
  • Homophonic.
  • Homorhythmic.
  • Heterophonic.

Similarly, it is asked, what is monophonic in music?

In music, monophony is the simplest of musical textures, consisting of a melody (or "tune"), typically sung by a single singer or played by a single instrument player (e.g., a flute player) without accompanying harmony or chords.

What is polyphonic in music?

In music, polyphony is a type of musical texture consisting of two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody, as opposed to a musical texture with just one voice, monophony, or a texture with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords, which is called homophony.

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What is an example of polyphony?

Examples of Polyphony Rounds, canons, and fugues are all polyphonic. (Even if there is only one melody, if different people are singing or playing it at different times, the parts sound independent.) Music that is mostly homophonic can become temporarily polyphonic if an independent countermelody is added.

What is an example of homophonic texture?

Examples of Homophony
A singer accompanied by a guitar picking or strumming chords. A small jazz combo with a bass, a piano, and a drum set providing the “rhythm” background for a trumpet improvising a solo. A single bagpipes or accordion player playing a melody with drones or chords.

Is Jazz homophonic or polyphonic?

Characteristic texture of the Classical period and continued to predominate in Romantic music while in the 20th century, "popular music is nearly all homophonic," and, "much of jazz is also" though, "the simultaneous improvisations of some jazz musicians creates a true polyphony" (Benward & Saker 2003, p. 136).

How can you tell the difference between polyphonic and homophonic?

Homophony is the concept of a single 'line' as such, potentially split across several parts, but all moving at the same time - parts mainly follow the same rhythm. Polyphony is when there is multiple melody lines at the same time, interacting with each other.

What is an example of monophonic texture?


You can have a singer and a flute, an oboe and a trumpet, or all four of them together! In monophony, there is no limit to how many voices or instruments there can be. If they are singing and playing the same notes, it is monophony. This is also called singing or playing in unison.

Is a cappella monophonic?

Over time, a cappella music has evolved from monophonic melodies, consisting of a single vocal line or melody, into polyphonic melodies with multiple parts, vocal lines, and different voices, with variations and a wide range of harmonies or multiple voices singing different notes at the same time.

Is homophonic texture thick or thin?

In all, texture can help us appreciate the intricacies in a piece of music. Thin-textured, or monophonic music, is purely melody, while the more thickly-textured homophony and polyphony include accompaniment or complementary melodies, respectively.

What is the importance of texture in music?

"Musical Texture" is more a description, a feeling, a sonic atmosphere. It affects how we hear the end product. The overall sound. Certain musical textures work great with certain tunes, but can sound horrible with other compositions.

What is an example of texture in music?

Texture describes how layers of sound within a piece of music interact. Imagine that a piece of spaghetti is a melody line. One strand of spaghetti by itself is a single melody, as in a monophonic texture. Many of these strands interweaving with one another (like spaghetti on a plate) is a polyphonic texture.

What is Homophony in music?


homophonic. An example of something homophonic is a piece of music with chords, where two instruments play the same line of melody in the same rhythm; however, one instrument plays one note and a second intrument places a note in harmony.

Is Gregorian chant monophonic or polyphonic?

Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin (and occasionally Greek) of the Roman Catholic Church. Gregorian chant developed mainly in western and central Europe during the 9th and 10th centuries, with later additions and redactions.

What is Heterophonic texture?

In music, heterophony is a type of texture characterized by the simultaneous variation of a single melodic line. Thai music in its horizontal complex is made up of a main melody played simultaneously with variants of it which progress in relatively slower and faster rhythmic units

How do you describe a melody?

Let's review. Melody refers to the combination of a particular rhythm with a series of pitches. The rhythm is the pattern of beats, or the long and short sounds, while pitch refers to the high and low sounds. Together they create the melody, which is the tune, or musical line of notes that our brains hear as one unit.

What does timbre mean in music?


In simple terms, timbre is what makes a particular musical instrument or human voice have a different sound from another, even when they play or sing the same note. For instance, it is the difference in sound between a guitar and a piano playing the same note at the same volume.

What is a homophonic song?

Homophony is a texture of music that has one main melody line with a chord structure underneath. A song with one melody and a chord accompaniment, such as a guitar or piano, is also considered homophony. Homophony is used in both vocal and instrumental music.

What are examples of texture?

Examples of physical texture
  • Berlin Green Head, 500BC.
  • Detail of woven fibers of a carpet.
  • Animals are often defined by their physical texture, such as a fuzzy kitten or this scaly iguana.
  • Blades of grass provides a soft texture.
  • Rough bark on the surface of a tree.
  • A wall of bricks with raised areas.