What is free consent when consent is not free?

Asked By: Caihua Legargoyena | Last Updated: 3rd June, 2020
Category: family and relationships marriage and civil unions
4/5 (318 Views . 14 Votes)
Consent when considered “not free
*When there is no consent, there can be no contract at all and the agreement will be considered void. *When there is consent but not free consent, the contract is considered voidable at the option of the party whose free consent was not taken.

Click to see full answer


Also asked, what is meant by free consent When is consent not free?

According to Section 13, " two or more persons are said to be in consent when they agree upon the same thing in the same sense (Consensus-ad-idem). According to Section 14, Consent is said to be free when it is not caused by coercion or undue influence or fraud or misrepresentation or mistake.

Additionally, when consent is not free and is caused by mistake the agreement is? According to section 14 of the Indian Contract Act 1857, free consent is defined as “consent is said to be free when it is not caused by coercion, under influence, fraud, misrepresentation, and mistake.” In the previous article about Free Consent, we have already covered the first four factors.

Besides, what is free consent with example?

Example: X has one Maruti car and one fiat car. He wants to sell fiat car. Y does not know that X has two cars. Free Consent means an act of assenting to an offer.

What is free consent What are the factors that vitiate free consent?

Thus a contract may be valid but the presence of factors that interfere with free consent (vitiating factors) may make the contract void or voidable. Such factors include: i) Mistake ii) Misrepresentation iii) Duress iv) Undue influence 1. Mistake - This is an erroneous belief in certain facts.

37 Related Question Answers Found

What is the importance of free consent?

The importance of free consent cannot be stressed enough. Consent of the parties to the contract must be free and voluntarily. Consent to the contract has to be given without any kind of pressure or delusions. It is important that the consent given by the parties is free as this can affect the validity of the contract.

What are the types of free consent?

Free Consent
  • Coercion.
  • Undue Influence.
  • Fraud.
  • Misrepresentation.
  • Mistake.

What is offer law?

In contract law, an offer is a promise in exchange for performance by another party. An offer can be revoked or terminated under certain conditions. There are also times when an offer can be negotiated to create a counter-offer.

What is implied contract with examples?

An implied contract is a contract that exists based on the actions of those involved. Though it is not a written or spoken contract, it is just as legal. An example of an implied contract is an implied warranty that goes into effect upon the purchase of a product.

What is valid contract?


A valid contract is a written or expressed agreement between two parties to provide a product or service. There are essentially six elements of a contract that make it a legal and binding document. In order for a contract to be enforceable, it must contain: Intent of both parties to carry out their promise.

What is mistake in free consent?

Mistake may be defined as an error in consensus. In other words, An agreement is valid as a contract only when the parties agree upon the same thing in the same sense. Consent cannot be said to be "free" when an agreement is entered into under a mistake. Such contracts are said to be have been caused by mistake.

What is the difference between coercion and undue influence?

Key Differences Between Coercion and Undue Influence
The act of threatening a person in order to induce him to enter into an agreement is known as coercion. Coercion involves physical force, whereas Undue Influence involves mental pressure. The parties under coercion need not be in any relationship with each other.

What do u mean by quasi contract?

Quasi Contract. An obligation that the law creates in the absence of an agreement between the parties. A quasi contract is a contract that exists by order of a court, not by agreement of the parties. Courts create quasi contracts to avoid the unjust enrichment of a party in a dispute over payment for a good or service.

What do u mean by consent?

Consent occurs when one person voluntarily agrees to the proposal or desires of another. For example, a person with a mental disorder, a low mental age, or under the legal age of sexual consent may willingly engage in a sexual act that still fails to meet the legal threshold for consent as defined by applicable law.

What are examples of consent?


The definition of consent is the permission given for something. An example of consent is a parent's approval of her teenage daughter spending time with her new boyfriend.

What are the effects of coercion?

If conditions of coercion are found, the effect on the contract is usually that the entire contract is rescinded or cancelled. Contract rescission has the effect of canceling the agreement in its entirety. This will release both parties from their obligation to perform any contract duties as contained in the agreement.

What does mistake of law mean?

Mistake of law is a legal principle referring to one or more errors that were made by a person in understanding how the applicable law applied to their past activity that is under analysis by a court. In jurisdictions that use the term, it is differentiated from mistake of fact.

What do you understand by acceptance?

Acceptance in human psychology is a person's assent to the reality of a situation, recognizing a process or condition (often a negative or uncomfortable situation) without attempting to change it or protest it. The concept is close in meaning to acquiescence, derived from the Latin acquiēscere (to find rest in).

What do you mean by offer?

An offer (unlike a solicitation) is a clear indication of the offeror's willingness to enter into an agreement under specified terms, and is made in a manner that a reasonable person would understand its acceptance will result in a binding contract.

What is coercion in law?


Coercion (/ko?ˈ?ːr??n, -??n/) is the practice of forcing another party to act in an involuntary manner by use of threats or force. In law, coercion is codified as a duress crime. Such actions are used as leverage, to force the victim to act in a way contrary to their own interests.

What is the right of free consent?

Right of free consent - people have the right to be treated only as they knowingly and willingly consent to be treated. 2. Right of privacy - people have the right to do as they wish in their private lives, and they have the right to control what they reveal about private activities.

What is lawful object?

Lawful Object. Chapter 1. Lawful object can be broadly defined as within the bounds of the law. If the object of the contract is illegal by statute or common law, the contract will be void and unenforceable in the courts.