What is end grain on wood?

Asked By: Ligaya Windmuller | Last Updated: 24th May, 2020
Category: hobbies and interests woodworking
4.8/5 (66 Views . 11 Votes)
End grain is the grain of wood seen when it is cut across the growth rings. Rather than cutting a plank of wood the length of the trunk, end grain wood is actually cut at a 90-degree angle to the grain.

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Moreover, does a cutting board have to be end grain?

The end grain cutting board is made from end pieces of wood. While these types of wood cutting board are a bit more expensive, some people deem it worthy, as it is better for the knives. End grain cutting boards have a “self-healing” factor, as the fibers close up after they have been cut by the knife.

Similarly, how do you finish end grains of wood? Simply sand the end and edge grains to one higher grit than the side grain. So if you sand the side grain to 150, sand the end grain to 220; if the side is 220, the end and edge grains should be 320 and so forth.

Also question is, which is better end grain or edge grain cutting boards?

Edge grain cutting boards are known to be more durable, easier to maintain, and more affordable. However, this type of board can dull knives faster than end-grain types an more susceptible to nicks and cuts.

What is face grain wood?

The face grain is what you'd normally see on the “outside” of the board. It's where you see most of the grain and beauty of a piece of wood. Woodworkers typically use the face grain to make table tops or panels that you might see on cupboard doors. Edge grain is the “side” of the board.

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What is the best wood to use for an end grain cutting board?

Best End Grain Woods
Choose dense, hard woods with fine grains. Common hardwoods used for end grain cutting boards include walnut, hard maple, birch, cherry and oak. Whatever wood you choose, have it cut between 2 1/2 and 3 1/2 inches thick to deter splitting and warping.

Why are end grain cutting boards better?

End grain boards are easier on the knife edges and will last much longer. When cutting, the edge goes between the wood fibers and those fibers aren't severed. Long grain cutting boards, while they are much easier to make and much less expensive, will have their wood fibers severed as an edge cuts across.

What kind of wood is good for a butcher block?

Maple is one of the best and most popular for butcher block counters because it's hard and has a clear grain. Cherry and red oak offer rich color. Butcher block can also be crafted from bamboo (it works best with end-grain construction) and sustainably farmed exotics such as wenge, zebrawood, and iroko.

How do you end a grain cutting board?


  1. Step 1: Get Your Wood. Pick a nice hardwood, preferably one with interesting end grain.
  2. Step 2: Plan Your Cuts. Grab a pad of paper and a pencil(a calculator can be helpful also).
  3. Step 3: Cut the Wood Into Strips.
  4. Step 4: Clamp.
  5. Step 5: Glue the Strips.
  6. Step 6: Plane It.
  7. Step 7: Cut Into Strips.
  8. Step 8: Clamp Again.

Will end grain cutting boards warp?

For end grains, I suggest putting feet on your boards. Otherwise, the recipients will likely have similar warping and even the board cracking if they're not careful at the sink. Feet will raise the board up above any standing water and allows for even trying on all sides.

What is the most sanitary type of cutting board?

Plastic. Many people believe that plastic is the most sanitary cutting board material, especially since, unlike wood or bamboo, it's safe to run through your dishwasher.

What is end grain butcher block?

End Grain Butcher Block Countertops. We use only premium, full length staves to make our edge grain butcher block countertops. The hardwood is turned on it's edge with the length of the grain visible. This makes a great, durable surface for food prep, baking, dough rolling, and more.

What is side grain?

Edge grain is a reference to a particular visible pattern on the surface of a wood countertop that indicates it has been constructed by exposing the staves of the boards used.

How often should you change your chopping board?


Replace them regularly
It is recommended that you change your chopping board at least 3-4 times a year (depending on how often you use it). You should definitely change your chopping board more often if you use it regularly.

How thick should a cutting board be?

The thickness of a board will depend on the make and type of material that is being used. Standard thickness for cutting boards range from 1 1/4-inches to 2 1/4-inches.

Is Cherry good for cutting boards?

The hardness for an optimal cutting board is in the Janka range of 900 to 1500. As a reference point, Hard Maple has a hardness of 1450, which makes it an ideal cutting board for the top end. Black Walnut falls in the middle at 1010 and Cherry on the lower range at 995.

Do glass cutting boards dull your knives?

It's All About Your Knives
Wooden cutting boards may take a little bit more maintenance and care than the tempered glass variety, but they're way more gentle on your knives. The super-hard surface of a glass cutting board will dull even a sharp knife quickly.

Why do they paint the ends of lumber?

Moisture evaporates more quickly through porous end-grain than through edge-grain. When this happens, the ends of the board shrink in width faster than the center, and the board cracks as the center resists movement. Sealing the end-grain with paint or wax equalizes board shrinkage and avoids splits.

How do you describe wood grain?


Technically 'wood grain' refers to the alignment, texture and appearance of wood fibres, whereas it's 'figure' describes the pattern created by the grain orientation. Basic grain descriptions and types include: Straight-grain: this runs in a single direction along the cut wood.

What does end grain wood look like?

End grain is the grain of wood seen when it is cut across the growth rings. Rather than cutting a plank of wood the length of the trunk, end grain wood is actually cut at a 90-degree angle to the grain. This type of cut exposes the character of the wood rings and graining.

What is end wood?

Phantom Wood, also known as End Times Wood or Lone Cave Wood is a species of wood that was added during the 2016 End Times Update. It is located in the End Times Biome and is the most expensive wood in the game when sold at the Wood Dropoff.