What is domain ontology?

Asked By: Geanina Hansch | Last Updated: 12th April, 2020
Category: technology and computing artificial intelligence
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A domain ontology (or domain-specific ontology) represents concepts which belong to a part of the world, such as biology or politics. Each domain ontology typically models domain-specific definitions of terms. For example, the word card has many different meanings.

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Thereof, what is an example of an ontology?

An example of ontology is when a physicist establishes different categories to divide existing things into in order to better understand those things and how they fit together in the broader world.

Additionally, what is the purpose of ontology? Ontology Use Cases Since ontologies define the terms used to describe and represent an area of knowledge, they are used in many applications to capture relationships and boost knowledge management. In a nutshell, ontologies are frameworks for representing shareable and reusable knowledge across a domain.

Likewise, people ask, what is an ontology?

Definition. In the context of computer and information sciences, an ontology defines a set of representational primitives with which to model a domain of knowledge or discourse. In the technology stack of the Semantic Web standards [1], ontologies are called out as an explicit layer.

What are the main components of ontology?

The main components of an ontology are concepts, relations, instances and axioms. A concept represents a set or class of entities or `things' within a domain. Protein is a concept within the domain of molecular biology.

19 Related Question Answers Found

What is ontological truth?

Yet, there is a sense in which it is correct to use the phrase “ontological truth”, namely when one states that some proposition belonging in the realm of ontology (the general study of being and existence) is true. The fact that something exists (ontological truth) is independent of whether we know it exists.

What is epistemology in simple terms?

Epistemology is the study of knowledge. Three epistemological factors that contribute to knowledge acquisition are truth, belief and justification. Truth is an occurrence in which there are no false propositions. Knowledge itself can be defined as 'justified true belief'.

What's the difference between ontology and epistemology?

Ontology is the philosophical field revolving around (the study of) the nature of reality (all that is or exists), and the different entities and categories within reality. Epistemology is the philosophical field revolving around (the study of) knowledge and how to reach it.

What is ethical ontology?

noun (used with a singular verb)
the branch of ethics dealing with right action and the nature of duty, without regard to the goodness or value of motives or the desirability of the ends of any act.

What is a GO term?

The Gene Ontology (GO) provides a system for hierarchically classifying genes or gene products into terms organized in a graph structure (or an ontology). Using the GO it is possible to retrieve the set of terms used to describe any gene, or conversely, given a term, return the set of genes annotated to that term.

Why is research ontology important?

Ontology helps researchers recognize how certain they can be about the nature and existence of objects they are researching. Epistemology is important because it influences how researchers frame their research in their attempts to discover knowledge.

How do you create a Protge ontology?

Start Protege and create a new ontology
  1. Start Protege (preferably from a shell using one of the scripts provided, as this will give you additional feedback)
  2. Select Create new OWL ontology.
  3. Give the ontology a pizza-related URI.
  4. Specify where you wish to save the ontology.

Is Ontology a science?

Ontology in science usually refers to the system or structure produced by the science. Science itself is a collection of epistemological practices. The results are an ontology. We also look at the epistemological foundations, such as the relationship between logic and observation in science.

What is an ontology graph?

An Ontology is a graph (the data structure). Every node of this graph stands for a "concept." A concept is a unit that one can think about. 3. Concepts correspond to words or short phrases. Typically, concepts correspond to nouns or noun phrases, but they don't have to.

What is the concept of ontology?

Ontology is the philosophical study of being. More broadly, it studies concepts that directly relate to being, in particular becoming, existence, reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.

What is ontology and its types?

In Grakn, we use four types in an ontology: entity: Represents an objects or thing, for example: person, man, woman. relation: Represents relationships between things, for example, a parent-child relationship between two person entities. role: Describes the participation of entities in a relation.

What are axioms in ontology?

Axioms. assertions (including rules) in a logical form that together comprise the overall theory that the ontology describes in its domain of application. In these disciplines, axioms include only statements asserted as a priori knowledge. As used here, "axioms" also include the theory derived from axiomatic statements

What are the ontological questions?

Ontology: The branch of metaphysics (philosophy concerning the overall nature of what things are) is concerned with identifying, in the most general terms, the kinds of things that actually exist. In other words addressing the question: What is existence? and What is the nature of existence?

What is ontology in natural language processing?

As an ontology is a specification of such a conceptualization an association of terms, relations between terms and related instances must be developed. Building on previous research we present an approach for an automated term extraction by the use of natural language processing (NLP) techniques.