What is DNA translation and transcription?
Hereof, what is translation in DNA?
Translation is the process that takes the information passed from DNA as messenger RNA and turns it into a series of amino acids bound together with peptide bonds. The ribosome is the site of this action, just as RNA polymerase was the site of mRNA synthesis.
Secondly, what is the role of DNA in transcription? Transcription is a process of making an RNA strand from a DNA template, and the RNA molecule that is made is called transcript. Messenger RNA(mRNA), which carries the genetic information from DNA and is used as a template for protein synthesis.
Similarly, it is asked, what is the process of DNA transcription?
Transcription is the process by which the information in a strand of DNA is copied into a new molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA). The newly formed mRNA copies of the gene then serve as blueprints for protein synthesis during the process of translation.
What comes first translation or transcription?
The first step is transcription in which the sequence of one gene is replicated in an RNA molecule. The second step is translation in which the RNA molecule serves as a code for the formation of an amino-acid chain (a polypeptide).