What is DDL in SQL?

Asked By: Aimee Holborn | Last Updated: 24th June, 2020
Category: technology and computing databases
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Data definition language (DDL) refers to the set of SQL commands that can create and manipulate the structures of a database. DDL statements are used to create, change, and remove objects including indexes, triggers, tables, and views. Common DDL statements include: CREATE (generates a new table)

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Correspondingly, what is DDL in SQL with examples?

Examples of Sql Server DDL commands are I mean, create a database, table, triggers, index, functions, stored procedures, etc. DROP – This SQL DDL command helps to delete objects. For example, delete tables, delete a database, etc. ALTER – Used to alter the existing database or its object structures.

Additionally, what is a DDL in database? Data Definition Language (DDL) is a standard for commands that define the different structures in a database. DDL statements create, modify, and remove database objects such as tables, indexes, and users. Common DDL statements are CREATE, ALTER, and DROP.

Consequently, what is DDL command in SQL?

DDL(Data Definition Language) : DDL or Data Definition Language actually consists of the SQL commands that can be used to define the database schema. It simply deals with descriptions of the database schema and is used to create and modify the structure of database objects in the database.

What is DDL DML and DCL in SQL?

DML DML is abbreviation of Data Manipulation Language. It is used to retrieve, store, modify, delete, insert and update data in database. Examples: SELECT, UPDATE, INSERT statements DDL DDL is abbreviation of Data Definition Language. It is used to create and modify the structure of database objects in database.

37 Related Question Answers Found

What is normalization in SQL?

In brief, normalization is a way of organizing the data in the database. Normalization entails organizing the columns and tables of a database to ensure that their dependencies are properly enforced by database integrity constraints. It usually divides a large table into smaller ones, so it is more efficient.

What is schema in SQL?

A schema in a SQL database is a collection of logical structures of data. From SQL Server 2005, a schema is an independent entity (container of objects) different from the user who creates that object. In other words, schemas are very similar to separate namespaces or containers that are used to store database objects.

What is primary key SQL?

A primary key is a field in a table which uniquely identifies each row/record in a database table. Primary keys must contain unique values. A primary key column cannot have NULL values. A table can have only one primary key, which may consist of single or multiple fields.

What is DML command?

DML. DML is short name of Data Manipulation Language which deals with data manipulation and includes most common SQL statements such SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, etc., and it is used to store, modify, retrieve, delete and update data in a database.

What are views in SQL?


In SQL, a view is a virtual table based on the result-set of an SQL statement. The fields in a view are fields from one or more real tables in the database. You can add SQL functions, WHERE, and JOIN statements to a view and present the data as if the data were coming from one single table.

Is truncate DDL or DML?

truncate is not "transactional" in the sense that it commits and can't be rolled back, and can modify object storage attributes. So it's not ordinary DML - Oracle classifies it as DDL. delete is an ordinary DML statement.

What is foreign key in database?

A foreign key is a column or group of columns in a relational database table that provides a link between data in two tables. The concept of referential integrity is derived from foreign key theory. Foreign keys and their implementation are more complex than primary keys.

What is the difference between delete and truncate?

TRUNCATE is the DDL statement whereas DELETE is a DML statement. Below are the differences between the two: TRUNCATE always removes all the rows from a table, leaving the table empty and the table structure intact whereas DELETE may remove conditionally if the where clause is used.

What is truncate table?

In SQL, the TRUNCATE TABLE statement is a Data Definition Language (DDL) operation that marks the extents of a table for deallocation (empty for reuse). Typically, TRUNCATE TABLE quickly deletes all records in a table by deallocating the data pages used by the table.

What is DML commands?


DML is short name of Data Manipulation Language which deals with data manipulation, and includes most common SQL statements such SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE etc, and it is used to store, modify, retrieve, delete and update data in database.

What are all DDL commands?

Data Definition Language (DDL) Statements
Create, alter, and drop schema objects. Grant and revoke privileges and roles. Analyze information on a table, index, or cluster. Establish auditing options.

What does schema mean?

Database schema. The term "schema" refers to the organization of data as a blueprint of how the database is constructed (divided into database tables in the case of relational databases). The formal definition of a database schema is a set of formulas (sentences) called integrity constraints imposed on a database.

What is create command?

The Create Command (CRTCMD) command creates a new user-defined command (that is, a command definition) that can use the same command processing support that is used by IBM-supplied commands. The command definition is an object that can be stored in the general purpose library (QGPL) or in a user library.

What is SQL basics?

SQL (pronounced "ess-que-el") stands for Structured Query Language. SQL is used to communicate with a database. SQL statements are used to perform tasks such as update data on a database, or retrieve data from a database.

How do you truncate a table in SQL?


The SQL TRUNCATE TABLE command is used to delete complete data from an existing table. You can also use DROP TABLE command to delete complete table but it would remove complete table structure form the database and you would need to re-create this table once again if you wish you store some data.

What is primary key and foreign key?

Primary key uniquely identify a record in the table. Foreign key is a field in the table that is primary key in another table. Primary Key can't accept null values. Foreign key can accept multiple null value.

What is joins in DBMS?

Join is a binary operation which allows you to combine join product and selection in one single statement. The goal of creating a join condition is that it helps you to combine the data from multiple join tables. SQL Joins allows you to retrieve data from two or more DBMS tables.