What is Criminal Procedure Code?

Asked By: Shala Casablancas | Last Updated: 29th June, 2020
Category: news and politics law
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The Code of Criminal Procedure commonly called Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) is the main legislation on procedure for administration of substantive criminal law in India. It was enacted in 1973 and came into force on 1 April 1974.

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Then, what does the Code of Criminal Procedure contain?

It also deals with public nuisance, prevention of offences and maintenance of wife, child and parents. At present, the act contains 484 sections, 2 schedules and 56 forms. The sections are divided into 37 chapters.

Similarly, what is the difference between Indian Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code? Indian Penal Code or IPC is a type of substantive law, whereas Criminal Procedure Code is procedural in nature. IPC lays down all the possible crimes and their punishments and penalty. Conversely, CrPC determines the procedure to be followed during litigation.

Accordingly, what is the meaning of criminal procedure?

Criminal procedure is the adjudication process of the criminal law. While criminal procedure differs dramatically by jurisdiction, the process generally begins with a formal criminal charge with the person on trial either being free on bail or incarcerated, and results in the conviction or acquittal of the defendant.

What are the 5 sources of criminal procedure?

These include the U.S. Constitution, the U.S. Supreme Court, state constitutions and courts, federal and state statutes, rules of criminal procedure, the American Law Institute's Model Code of Pre-Arraignment Procedure, and the judicial decisions of federal and state courts.

37 Related Question Answers Found

What is Section 61 Criminal Procedure Code?

Every summons issued by a Court under this Code shall be in writing, in duplicate, signed by the presiding officer of such Court or by such other officer as the High Court may, from time to time, by rule direct, and shall bear the seal of the Court.

What is the full form of CrPC?

Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC ) is the main legislation procedure for administration of substantive criminal law in India. It was enacted in 1973 and came into force on 1 April 1974.It is a procedural law.

What is a non cognizable Offence?

A non-cognizable offence has been defined in Section 2(l) of Criminal Procedure Code 1973. Non-cognizable offence means an offence for which, and `non-cognizable case' means a case in which, a police officer without any warrant has no authority to arrest. Non-Cognizable offenses are not much serious in nature.

What do you mean by section 144?


Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) of 1973 empowers a magistrate to prohibit an assembly of more than four people in an area. According to sections 141-149 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the maximum punishment for engaging in rioting is rigorous imprisonment for 3 years and/or fine.

Who has written IPC?

Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay

How many sections are there in PPC?

In Chapter IV, Chapter V-A and in the following sections, namely, Sections 64, 65, 66, 67, 71, 109, 110, 112, 114, 115, 116, 117, 187, 194, 195, 203, 211, 213, 214, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 327, 328.329,330.331,347,348, 388, 389 and 445, the word "offence" denotes a thing punishable under this Code, or under, any/

What are the three system of criminal procedure?

What are the three systems of criminal procedure?
  • Inquisitorial – the detection and prosecution of offenders are not left to the initiative of private parties but to the officials.
  • Accusatorial – The accusation is exercised by every citizen or by a member of the group to which the injured party belongs.

What is the main difference between criminal law and criminal procedure?

Criminal law generally defines the rights and obligations of individuals in society. Some common issues in criminal law are the elements of specific crimes and the elements of various criminal defenses. Criminal procedure generally concerns the enforcement of individuals' rights during the criminal process.

What is the goal of criminal procedure?


Criminal procedures are designed to make sure that any given defendant receives due process and their constitutional rights are protected. Probably one of the most famous examples of criminal procedure protecting constitutional rights is the Miranda warning.

What are the steps of the criminal process?

The major steps in processing a criminal case are as follows:
  1. Investigation of a crime by the police.
  2. Arrest of a suspect by the police.
  3. Prosecution of a criminal defendant by a district attorney.
  4. Indictment by a grand jury or the filing of an information by a prosecutor.
  5. Arraignment by a judge.

How is case law created?

Case law is the law created by the courts
By deciding a disputed point of law a senior court (known as a court of record) can change or clarify the law, thereby setting a precedent which other courts are bound to follow or apply in later cases.

What are the various types of incarceration sentences?

Not every conviction means a trip to prison and alternative sentences can include:
  • Suspended sentences;
  • Fines or restitution;
  • Community service;
  • Deferred adjudication or pretrial diversion; and.
  • Probation.

What does a felony consist of?

Crimes considered a felony can include: aggravated assault and/or battery, arson, burglary, domestic violence, drug-related crimes, DUI, fraud, kidnapping, manslaughter, murder, rape, robbery, theft and vandalism. A person convicted in court of a felony becomes labeled a felon.

What are the 4 types of laws?


There are four types of law that we have in our legislative system.
  • Criminal law. This is the kind of love that the police enforce.
  • Civil law.
  • Common law.
  • Statutory law.

Is IPC applicable to foreigners?

(a) A foreigner who commits an offence within India is guilty and can be punished as such without any limitation as to his corporeal presence in India at the time. (b) Section 2, IPC applies to a foreigner, who has committed an offence within India.

How many laws are there in India?

As of January 2017, there were about 1,248 laws. However, since there are Central laws as well as State laws, it is difficult to ascertain their exact numbers as on a given date and the best way to find the Central Laws in India is from the official website.