What is CPK disease?

Asked By: Demi Wienands | Last Updated: 3rd April, 2020
Category: medical health heart and cardiovascular diseases
4.5/5 (143 Views . 34 Votes)
Creatine Phosphokinase (CPK) Creatine phosphokinase (a.k.a., creatine kinase, CPK, or CK) is an enzyme (a protein that helps to elicit chemical changes in your body) found in your heart, brain, and skeletal muscles. When muscle tissue is damaged, CPK leaks into your blood.

Click to see full answer


Hereof, what does it mean if your CPK is high?

When the total CPK level is very high, it most often means there has been injury or stress to muscle tissue, the heart, or the brain. Muscle tissue injury is most likely. When a muscle is damaged, CPK leaks into the bloodstream. Finding which specific form of CPK is high helps determine which tissue has been damaged.

Beside above, are high CPK levels dangerous? In summary, renal injury with high serum CPK values becomes a true concern when levels of CPK reach 5,000 IU/L and the patient has serious co-morbid disease such as volume depletion, sepsis or acidosis. Otherwise, values of up to 20,000 IU/L may be tolerated without untoward event.

Accordingly, what is a CPK test done for?

The creatine phosphokinase test measures the amount of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) in your blood. It helps assess damage in the brain, muscle tissue… Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases that damage and weaken your muscles over time.

What drugs increase CPK levels?

Drugs that can increase CPK measurements include amphotericin B, certain anesthetics, statins, fibrates, dexamethasone, alcohol, and cocaine.

29 Related Question Answers Found

Is high CPK level dangerous?

If the heart CPK (CPK-MB) is elevated it can mean that the heart is damaged which can occur in a heart attack or in conditions in which the heart muscle is inflammed such as viral myocarditis. Certain drugs such as cholesterol lowering drugs (statins) can damage muscle and elevate CPK.

How long does it take for CPK levels to go down?

Serum CK concentration, mainly the CK-MM subtype, is the most sensitive indicator of damage to muscles. Serum CK begins to rise approximately 2 to 12 hours after the onset of muscle injury, peaks within 24 to 72 hours, and then declines gradually in 7–10 days.

What is normal CPK level?

CPK blood tests the different forms of CPK in the bloodstream and the CPK normal range varies from a male to female. The CPK normal range for a male is between 39 – 308 U/L, while in females the CPK normal range is between 26 – 192 U/L.

What are the symptoms of high CK levels?

Elevated creatine kinase may accompany other symptoms of a heart attack including:
  • Chest pain or pressure.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Lightheadedness or dizziness.
  • Pain that radiates to the jaw or down the arm.
  • Profuse sweating.
  • Rapid heart rate (tachycardia)

What diseases cause high CK levels?


Increased CK may be seen with, for example:
  • Recent crush and compression muscle injuries, trauma, burns, and electrocution.
  • Inherited myopathies, such as muscular dystrophy.
  • Hormonal (endocrine) disorders, such as thyroid disorders, Addison disease or Cushing disease.
  • Strenuous exercise.
  • Prolonged surgeries.
  • Seizures.

Is CPK and CK the same?

Creatine kinase (CK), also known as creatine phosphokinase (CPK) or phosphocreatine kinase, is an enzyme (EC 2.7. 3.2) expressed by various tissues and cell types. CK catalyses the conversion of creatine and uses adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to create phosphocreatine (PCr) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP).

Can high CK levels cause fatigue?

Chronically elevated Creatine Kinase can lead to muscle fatigue, injury and decreased athletic performance.

How do I get my CPK levels down?

Talk to your doctor about ways to help lower your creatinine levels, including these eight natural options:
  1. Cut back on vigorous exercise.
  2. Don't take supplements containing creatine.
  3. Reduce your protein intake.
  4. Eat more fiber.
  5. Talk to your doctor about how much fluid you should drink.
  6. Try chitosan supplements.
  7. Take WH30+

What drugs can cause myositis?

What drugs can cause myositis?
  • Statins.
  • Colchicine.
  • Plaquenil (hydroxychloroquine)
  • Alpha-interferon.
  • Cocaine.
  • Alcohol.

Is a high CK level dangerous?


Levels of CK can rise after a heart attack, skeletal muscle injury, strenuous exercise, or drinking too much alcohol, and from taking certain medicines or supplements. If this test shows that your CK levels are high, you may have muscle or heart damage.

What does low CPK indicate?

Findings of a low serum CPK values may occur in the absence of steroid treatment. Thus, a low serum CPK value is frequently found in patients with connective tissue diseases and a normal value should not dissuade one from the diagnosis of myositis.

Can blood test detect muscle damage?

Blood tests.
A blood test will let your doctor know if you have elevated levels of muscle enzymes, which can indicate muscle damage. A blood test can also detect specific autoantibodies associated with different symptoms of polymyositis, which can help in determining the best medication and treatment.

How high can CPK levels go?

CK levels can be slightly elevated (500 U/L) in nerve disorders like Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or spinal muscular atrophy, or grossly elevated (3,000 to 3,500 U/L) in DMD or inflammatory myopathies.

Can exercise increase CPK levels?

Physical exercise or strenuous sporting activities can increase blood creatine kinase (CK) levels—something to bear in mind in patients with suspected statin-associated muscle symptoms. Regular preventative exercise with relatively constant muscular-mechanical stress is not often associated with CK increases.

Can high CK levels cause death?


Unlike type 1, macro CK type 2 has been reported in predominantly ill patients [1, 4–6], most commonly in association with malignancy (colonic carcinoma [10]) and liver disease [1, 4–6]. It is associated with high mortality [4, 6] and when present in children can be a marker of myocardial disease [5]. Lee et al.

What high CK levels mean?

CK stands for creatine kinase, an enzyme that leaks out of damaged muscle. When elevated CK levels are found in a blood sample, it usually means muscle is being destroyed by some abnormal process, such as a muscular dystrophy or inflammation.

How long does it take for rhabdomyolysis to occur?

It can take three days to set in. You might expect to know shortly after, or even during, a workout that something is wrong. But rhabdo usually peaks at 24 to 72 hours after a workout or injury, says Arora.