What is cabling and its types?

Asked By: Theola Simmank | Last Updated: 6th January, 2020
Category: technology and computing computer networking
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To connect two or more computers or networking devices in a network, network cables are used. There are three types of network cables; coaxial, twisted-pair, and fiber-optic.

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Similarly, you may ask, what is Cable and its types?

Different types of network cables, such as coaxial cable, optical fiber cable, and twisted pair cables, Fire Resistance Cables, Silicon Cables, Heat Resistant Cables, are used depending on the network's physical layer, topology, and size.

Similarly, what is Cabling System? The Basics of Structured Cabling. A structured cabling system is a complete system of cabling and associated hardware, which provides a comprehensive telecommunications infrastructure. This infrastructure serves a wide range of uses, such as to provide telephone service or transmit data through a computer network.

Besides, what are the three types of cables?

Fiber optic cable, twisted pair cable, and coaxial cable are the three main types of network cables used in communication systems. Each of them is different and suitable for various applications.

What is cabling in computer network?

Networking cables are networking hardware used to connect one network device to other network devices or to connect two or more computers to share printers, scanners etc. Electrical connections using twisted pair or coaxial cable are used within a building.

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How are cables classified?

Classification of Cables
One way in which electrical cable is classified is by how many conductors it's made up from. There's twisted-pair cable, made up of two conductors (or wires) twisted and insulated together. Within the multi-conductor category are further cable types.

How many types of cable do we have?

Types of Electrical Cables – There are more than 20 different types of cables available today, designed for applications ranging from transmission to heavy industrial use. Some of the most commonly-used ones include:. Non-Metallic Sheathed Cable : These cables are also known as non-metallic building wire or NM cables.

What is network explain?

A network is a collection of computers, servers, mainframes, network devices, peripherals, or other devices connected to one another to allow the sharing of data. An excellent example of a network is the Internet, which connects millions of people all over the world.

How do cables work?

Photo: Fiber-optic cables are thin enough to bend, taking the light signals inside in curved paths too. Light travels down a fiber-optic cable by bouncing repeatedly off the walls. Each tiny photon (particle of light) bounces down the pipe like a bobsleigh going down an ice run.

What is 3 core cable used for?


Three core and earth cable: This type of cable is used for wiring two way light switches. The cable consists of 4 cores with 1 being the neutral and the other three potentially being live depending on the way the lighting circuit is designed and what position the switches are in.

How do you determine wire size?

Divide the voltage running through the cable by your target current. If, for instance, 120 volts will act on the cable, and you want 30 amps to run through it: 120 / 30 = 4. This is your target resistance, measured in ohms. Multiply the cable's length by its material's resistivity.

What is XLPE cable?

XLPE stands for cross-linked polyethylene. XLPE Cable has a high chemical resistance and moisture resistance. XLPE Cable can be used at high temperatures and high voltage applications.

Why is STP more expensive?

STP cables work by attracting interference to the shield, then running it off into a grounded cable. Additionally, STP cables are bigger than UTP cables, and are more expensive. Finally, they are more fragile than UTP cables, as the shield must be kept intact in order for them to work properly.

Why cable Glanding is required?

The main functions of the Cable Gland are to act as a sealing and terminating device to ensure the protection of electrical equipment and enclosures, including the provision of: Environmental protection – by sealing on the outer cable sheath, excluding dust and moisture from the electrical or instrument enclosure.

What is Type C cable?


The USB Type-C cable, also known as USB-3.1, is the newest USB technology currently in use that became available in 2015. This single cable allows you to connect multiple devices. The Type-C, or 3.1 version, has four main benefits over the three previous ones: Faster speed at 10Gpbs which is double over USB 3.0.

What is STP cable?

Often abbreviated STP, a type of copper telephone wiring in which each of the two copper wires that are twisted together are coated with an insulating coating that functions as a ground for the wires. STP cabling often is used in Ethernet networks, especially fast data rate Ethernets.

What is Ethernet cable made of?

Etherent cable are made with copper wires that are twisted into pairs. For networking cable they are usually 4 pair. Each wires is covered in an insulation. the insulation depends on the fire rating of the cable.

What is the difference between XLPE and PVC cable?

The main difference between the two is that XLPE can be used for both high and low tension applications. Its structure provides great resistance to abrasion, stress, and other wear and tear. PVC insulation cannot withstand as much pressure, meaning it is only suitable for low tension applications.

Where is coaxial cable used?

Coaxial cable is used as a transmission line for radio frequency signals. Its applications include feedlines connecting radio transmitters and receivers to their antennas, computer network (e.g., Ethernet) connections, digital audio (S/PDIF), and distribution of cable television signals.

How do you do cabling?


  1. Step 1: Strip the cable jacket about 1.5 inch down from the end.
  2. Step 2: Spread the four pairs of twisted wire apart.
  3. Step 3: Untwist the wire pairs and neatly align them in the T568B orientation.
  4. Step 4: Cut the wires as straight as possible, about 0.5 inch above the end of the jacket.

What is data cabling used for?

Data cables are used to transmit information between systems such as servers, personal computers and other hardware. There are three main types of data cables used to transmit data: twisted pair, coax and fiber optic cables.

What are the different types of cable?

Cables are classified into 5 types depending upon their purpose as follows:
  • Ribbon Electric Cables. It consists of multiple insulated wires running parallel with one another and are used for transmission of multiple data simultaneously.
  • Shielded Cables.
  • Twisted Pair Cables.
  • Coaxial Cables.
  • Fibre Optics Cable.