What is an insulator and a conductor?
Consequently, what is the difference between an insulator and a conductor?
The most common difference between the two is that while conductors allow free flow of electrons from one atom to another, insulators restrict free flow of electrons. Conductors allow electrical energy to pass through them, whereas insulators do not allow electrical energy to pass through them.
One may also ask, why are conductors and insulators important? Conductors and insulators are both important in the field of electronics. Electrical conductors allow electric current to flow easily because of the make up of their atoms. In a conductor, the outer electrons of the atom are loosely bound and can freely move through the material when an electric charge is applied.
Moreover, what are conductors and insulators give examples?
Examples of Conductors and Insulators Examples of conductors include metals, aqueous solutions of salts (i.e., ionic compounds dissolved in water), graphite, and the human body. Examples of insulators include plastics, Styrofoam, paper, rubber, glass and dry air.
Can an insulator conduct electricity?
An insulator can be considered a conductor with an extremely high resistance ( in MegaOhms ) which allows very little current to LEAK through it. For example, air is an insulator, but a few thousand volts can easily break through it by ion Insulators conduct electricity, but very weakly.