What is a first legal charge?

Asked By: Yolando Osborne | Last Updated: 25th January, 2020
Category: business and finance bankruptcy
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First Charge A legal charge used to secure the main mortgage. A lender with a first legal charge over a property has a first call on any funds available from the sale of the property. First-Time Buyer A person that is purchasing a property for the first time.

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Likewise, people ask, what is a first charge on a property?

First Charge And the legal charge creates a hold on the property, a legal interest in the property that needs to be repaid before anything can happen to the property. That's a First Charge and it means that nobody except the First Charge holder has a greater right or interest in that property.

Secondly, what is a legal charge? A legal charge is a method by which a lender protects the money they have lent to an individual or company. The legal charge itself will normally set out the amount borrowed, the terms on which it has been borrowed and the means by which the lender can enforce their rights against the property.

Also Know, what is first and second charge?

A first charge is a result of taking out a home loan when you have no outstanding mortgage balance. The lender has the first charge because it is the only charge. It should be obvious that a second charge applied to a secured home loan means the borrower still has an outstanding mortgage balance.

Can you sell a house with a charge on it?

If a Charging Order has been issued against your property you can sell at any time if there is sufficient equity in the property to pay the charge in full. Sufficient equity in your property to pay the charge.

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Can I put a charge on someone's property?

If you have joint ownership of your property with someone and the debt is in both your names, the court can make a charging order on the whole property. If the debt is only in your name and the property is in joint names, the court can only make a charging order on the share of the property you own.

What does it mean if there is a charge on a property?

A charging order secures a debt you have with a creditor against your property. This means if you sell or remortgage your home before the debt is cleared the charging order will be paid off from the proceeds. A creditor can only get a charging order if they already have a County Court judgment (CCJ) against you.

How do you register a charge on a property?

For a legal charge to be registered at the Land Registry, consent (to registration of the charge) is usually required from a prior lender (the Land Registry office copy entries will show whether a restriction to this effect has been registered in favour of the lender).

What is a second charge on property?


A second charge mortgage allows you to use any equity you have in your home as security against another loan. It means you will have two mortgages on your home. Equity is the percentage of your property owned outright by you, which is the value of the home minus any mortgage owed on it.

What is the difference between mortgage and charge?

So, the main difference between the mortgage and charge is the classification of an asset. The mortgage is on an immovable property while a charge is on a movable property. In charge, the lender doesn't get right to sell the property. If the lender sells the property to recover the amount it becomes mortgage.

Is a legal charge the same as a mortgage deed?

Almost always, a legal mortgage is created by the method referred to in the Law of Property Act 1925 as "a charge by deed expressed to be by way of legal mortgage". This has led to legal mortgages over land also being called legal charges, even though technically, charges and mortgages are different legal concepts.

What Does a registered charge mean?

A legal charge is usually registered to protect a mortgage loan. Unlike an interest protected by a notice, or an equitable charge, a legal charge is an actual legal interest in land, just like a right of way, and so it is capable of binding future owners of a property who were not a party to the mortgage contract.

What is 1st pari passu charge?

Meaning of pari passu chargePari-passu is a Latin phrase, which means “equal footing”. “Pari Passucharge means that when borrower company goes into dissolution, the assets over which the charge has been created will be distributed in proportion to the creditors' (lenders) respective holdings.

Can a second charge stop a sale?


Borrowers usually stop paying second-charge loans first, but if it stops paying the first-charge holding lender, that lender is very likely to repossess and sell the property. The result is exactly the same: you'll get your share after the first-charge holder.

Can I have 2 mortgages at once?

Carrying two mortgages at once
Buyers who have enough income can carry two mortgage payments at once if they still meet the debt-to-income ratios required by their lenders. You, then, might be able to qualify for two mortgages at once, if your credit score and job status are also strong.

Can I put a second charge on a property?

A Second Charge is a legal charge put on a property in favour of a lender, or creditor. A Second Charge comes second in line to a 'First Charge', which would normally be your mortgage. When the property gets sold, the First Charge - i.e. the mortgage, will be cleared in full before the Second Charge receives any money.

How much equity can I take out?

Borrowers must have at least 20 percent equity in their home to be eligible for a cash-out refinance. Both conventional and FHA loans allow a maximum of 80 percent loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of the home's current value. So, if you wanted to take out 80 percent of your home's value you would multiply $200,000 x .

Can you borrow money against your house?

A home equity loan is a type of second mortgage. Home equity loans allow you to borrow against your home's value minus the amount of any outstanding mortgages on the property. Let's say your home is valued at $300,000 and your mortgage balance is $225,000. That's $75,000 you can potentially borrow against.

What is a second charge lender?


What is a 'second charge'? A mortgage is no more than a secured loan against an asset by way of a lien. A second charge works in exactly the same way. In other words, a lender loans money to a borrower so that he / she may buy a property.

What is the difference between a first charge and second charge mortgage?

The lender for whom charge over assets is first created is called the holder of "first charge". Where a second loan is backed by the same assets on which a first charge already exists, the subsequent charge holder is called "second charge".

Can a second charge holder force a sale?

Can a Second Charge Holder Force a Sale? As with any secured loan, the lender's 'security' is the fact they can force the sale of your property, should you default. If the home is repossessed due to repayment arrears, the first charge holder will have the priority claim.