What is a covalent bond vs ionic bond?

Asked By: Tanit Wernlein | Last Updated: 4th February, 2020
Category: science chemistry
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The two main types of chemical bonds are ionic and covalent bonds. An ionic bond essentially donates an electron to the other atom participating in the bond, while electrons in a covalent bond are shared equally between the atoms. The only pure covalent bonds occur between identical atoms.

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Also question is, what are the 4 types of bonds?

4 Types of Chemical Bonds

  • 1Ionic bond. Ionic bonding involves a transfer of an electron, so one atom gains an electron while one atom loses an electron.
  • 2Covalent bond. The most common bond in organic molecules, a covalent bond involves the sharing of electrons between two atoms.
  • 3Polar bond.

Subsequently, question is, what are the 3 types of chemical bonds? There are three main types of bonds: ionic, covalent and metallic. These bonds occur when electrons are transferred from one atom two another, and are a result of the attraction between the resulting oppositely charged ions. This happens between atoms with an electronegativity difference generally larger than 1.8.

Thereof, what are examples of covalent bonds?

Examples of Covalent Bond:

  • Water. An example is water. Water consists of a covalent bond containing hydrogen and oxygen bonding together to make H2O.
  • Diamonds. A diamond is an example of Giant Covalent bond of carbon. A diamond has a giant molecular structure.
  • Vulcanized rubber. Another example is vulcanized rubber.

Which is stronger bond ionic or covalent?

1 Answer. Ionic bonds result from the mutual attraction between oppositely charged ions while a Covalent Bond is a bond that results from a sharing of electrons between nuclei. They tend to be stronger than covalent bonds due to the coulombic attraction between ions of opposite charges.

34 Related Question Answers Found

What type of bond is water?

Water is a polar molecule
A water molecule is formed when two atoms of hydrogen bond covalently with an atom of oxygen. In a covalent bond electrons are shared between atoms. In water the sharing is not equal. The oxygen atom attracts the electrons more strongly than the hydrogen.

What type of bond is NaCl?

Ionic compounds, such as sodium chloride (NaCl), are formed by a transfer of electrons that creates ions. Ions exert electrostatic force on each other, which forms ionic bonds. The hydrogen and oxygen atoms in a water molecule, however, are bonded by sharing electrons rather than by transferring them.

What are some examples of ionic bonds?

Ionic bond examples include:
  • LiF - Lithium Fluoride.
  • LiCl - Lithium Chloride.
  • LiBr - Lithium Bromide.
  • LiI - Lithium Iodide.
  • NaF - Sodium Fluoride.
  • NaCl - Sodium Chloride.
  • NaBr - Sodium Bromide.
  • NaI - Sodium Iodide.

How is a covalent bond formed?

Covalent bonding occurs when pairs of electrons are shared by atoms. Atoms will covalently bond with other atoms in order to gain more stability, which is gained by forming a full electron shell. By sharing their outer most (valence) electrons, atoms can fill up their outer electron shell and gain stability.

How is ionic bond formed?


Ionic bond. Ionic bond, also called electrovalent bond, type of linkage formed from the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions in a chemical compound. Such a bond forms when the valence (outermost) electrons of one atom are transferred permanently to another atom.

What is Polar Bond?

A polar bond is a covalent bond between two atoms where the electrons forming the bond are unequally distributed. This causes the molecule to have a slight electrical dipole moment where one end is slightly positive and the other is slightly negative.

What is the weakest bond?

A Chemical bond is technically a bond between two atoms that results in the formation of a molecule , unit formula or polyatomic ion. The weakest of the intramolecular bonds or chemical bonds is the ionic bond. The ionic bond is generally the weakest of the true chemical bonds that bind atoms to atoms.

Is water a covalent bond?

H2O or water as it is more commonly known as is a molecule consisting of 2 Hydrogen molecules bonded to one Oxygen molecule. As the table shows this makes H2O a molecule with a polar covalent bond. Well, electronegativity is the measure of how attracted bond seeking electrons are to an element.

Is HCl a covalent bond?

HCl is a covalent compound. Because, both the atoms share the electrons. Moreover, HCl has intemolecular London dispersion forces, which arises to the EN (electronegativity) difference between Chlorine and Hydrogen atom. BUT: No compound is 100% ionic or covalent.

What are five common covalent bonds?


Examples of compounds that contain only covalent bonds are methane (CH4), carbon monoxide (CO), and iodine monobromide (IBr). Covalent bonding between hydrogen atoms: Since each hydrogen atom has one electron, they are able to fill their outermost shells by sharing a pair of electrons through a covalent bond.

Is Salt a covalent bond?

Salt is made up of sodium and chloride and is ionically bonded. Sugar, on the other hand, is composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen and has covalent bonds. A salt molecule is made up of one sodium atom and one chlorine atom. This type of bond is called an ionic bond.

What is another word for covalent bond?

Synonyms. chemical bond attractive force cross-link cross-linkage electrostatic bond peptide linkage covalent bond hydrogen bond metallic bond attraction electrovalent bond peptide bond ionic bond.

Is water ionic or covalent?

Answer and Explanation: Water is made up of covalent bonds, rather than ionic bonds. The hydrogen atoms share electrons with the oxygen atom, which makes it covalent.

Is graphite a covalent bond?

Graphite. Graphite has a giant covalent structure in which: each carbon atom is joined to three other carbon atoms by covalent bonds. the carbon atoms form layers with a hexagonal arrangement of atoms.

Which is strongest bond?


The strongest bond ever is the C-O bond in the carbon monoxide molecule. The second strongest (not much weaker than that) is the triple bond in , which is why it is such a trouble to make nitrogen react with anything.

What happens to electrons in a covalent bond?

Covalent bonding occurs when pairs of electrons are shared by atoms. Atoms will covalently bond with other atoms in order to gain more stability, which is gained by forming a full electron shell. By sharing their outer most (valence) electrons, atoms can fill up their outer electron shell and gain stability.

What is meant by covalent bond?

A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms. For many molecules, the sharing of electrons allows each atom to attain the equivalent of a full outer shell, corresponding to a stable electronic configuration.