What Indian tribes lived in the Pacific Northwest?

Asked By: Mael Itzea | Last Updated: 19th March, 2020
Category: sports canoeing and kayaking
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What Native American Tribes Lived Here? There are many tribes that lived in the Northwest region. Some of these were the Chinook, Tillamook, Coast Salish, and the Tlingit. These groups are well known for its hand-crafted totem poles.

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Thereof, what tribes lived in the Pacific Northwest?

From north to south the following linguistic divisions occurred: Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, northern Kwakiutl, Bella Coola, southern Kwakiutl, Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka), Coast Salish, Quileute-Chimakum, Kwalhioqua, and Chinook.

Also Know, where did the Pacific Northwest Indians live? Northwest Indians live along the Pacific Ocean, from southern Alaska, through coastal British Columbia, and into Washington State. This group is well known for its hand-crafted totem poles.

Keeping this in consideration, how many tribes are in the Pacific Northwest?

Today 17 separate tribes make up the Kwakwakaʼwakw, who historically spoke the common language of Kwakʼwala.

What Native American tribes lived in Washington?

There are 29 federally recognized tribes throughout Washington and they are: Chehalis, Colville, Cowlitz, Hoh, Jamestown S'Klallam, Kalispel, Lower Elwha Klallam, Lummi, Makah, Muckleshoot, Nisqually, Nooksack, Port Gamble S'Klallam, Puyallup, Quileute, Quinault, Samish, Sauk-Suiattle, Shoalwater Bay, Skokomish,

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What was the Pacific Northwest culture?

The Northwest economy was based on abundant natural resources, especially fish and wood. The people were atypically wealth-conscious, with a highly stratified society and a distinctive culture. Their lifestyle was organized and stable. They would later be influenced by European explorers, trappers and settlers.

What did the Pacific Northwest believe in?

The Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest believed that all living things were watched over by guardian spirits. This included animals, trees, people, and even some inanimate objects like the wind, storms, and water.

What is the largest Native American tribe in Washington state?

Washington Tribes
  • Chehalis – The Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation has more than 800 members and a reservation of approximately 4,400 acres in southwest Washington.
  • Colville – The Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation is comprised of 12 aboriginal tribes that lived in North Central Washington.

What does Tillamook mean?

The name "Tillamook" is a Chinook language term meaning "people of Nekelim (or Nehalem)." the Tillamook tribe consists of several divisions and dialects, including: Nehalem, Tillamook Bay, Nestucca/Salmon River, and Siletz Bands of the overall Tillamook Group.

Where do the Northwest coastal tribes live?


The Northwest Coastal People lived on the west coast of Canada, occupying the western shore and the islands of British Columbia, and reaching up into the Yukon. The First Peoples of the area lived in a narrow section of coastal land stretching from Washington State to Northern B.C., and into Alaska.

What did the Pacific Northwest wear?

The people of the Northwest Coast wore very little clothing, except when it was cold. In the warmer months, men would often go naked, and women would only wear bark skirts. The women made most of the clothing out of softened cedar wood or bark, animal leather, and wool.

What is the climate like in the Pacific Northwest?

Climate. Most of the Pacific Northwest has a cool, wet climate, which has led to the growth of thick forests. Some of the biggest trees in the world can be found here! Believe it or not, there are coastal, or temperate, rainforests in the Pacific Northwest, while the inland areas are more dry and warm.

What did the Pacific Northwest trade?

The maritime fur trade was a ship-based fur trade system that focused on acquiring furs of sea otters and other animals from the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast and natives of Alaska. Russians controlled most of the coast of what is now Alaska during the entire era.

Which resource was most valuable to the Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest?

Of all the resources available to the Northwest Coast peoples, the two most important were cedar and salmon. Cedar provided the raw material from which houses, boats, baskets, boxes, clothing, and carvings of every imaginable kind were made.

Where is the Pacific Northwest located?


The Pacific Northwest is the region of the western United States located adjacent to the Pacific Ocean. It runs north to south from British Columbia, Canada, to Oregon. Idaho, parts of Montana, northern California, and southeastern Alaska are also listed as parts of the Pacific Northwest in some accounts.

What Native American tribes lived in the plateau region?

Plateau tribes included the Nez Perce, Flathead, Kutenai, Palus, Coeur D'Alene, Cayuse, and Kalispel, and these groups lived in the forests, woods and prairies and along the rivers. The climate, land and natural resources that were available to the Indian tribes resulted in the adoption of the Plateau Indians culture.

What Indian tribes lived in Vancouver?

The original inhabitants of the area that is now British Columbia included:
The Babine-Wetsuweten The Beaver Tribe The Bella Coola
The Cowichan The Cree The Gitksan
The Haida The Haisla The Halkomelem
The Heiltsuk The Kaska The Klallam
The Kutenai The Kwakiutl The Lillooet

What is a plank house made out of?

The Plank House was a typical structure used as a house style that was built by many tribes of the Pacific Northwest Coast cultural group who made them their homes. The windowless Plank Houses varied in size but were built in a rectangular shape using planks of wood from red cedar trees.

Are Haida Coast Salish?

The Haida live on Haida Gwaii, a group of islands off the north coast of British Columbia. On the west coast of Vancouver Island live the Nuu-chah-nulth. The remaining peoples include the Coast Salish, a large grouping of Indigenous nations including the Central Coast Salish and Northern Coast Salish.

What did the Northwest Coast peoples use for transportation?


The canoes of the Northwest Coast people were carved out of large cedar trees. Cedar trees in British Columbia could get up to 80 feet tall, with very few branches. This made the trees ideal for cutting and carving a large canoe. The canoes were large and particularly long, some were up to 50 feet long and 8 feet wide.

What did the Haida eat?

The sea mammals they ate were seals, sea lions and sea otters. The fish they ate were salmon, cod, halibut, herring, oysters, clams and crabs. They also hunted birds, deer, moose, elk, mountain goat, beaver, wolves, foxes and bear. The Haida women gathered shellfish, seaweed, berries and roots.

How did the Pacific Northwest Indians live?

The Northwest Pacific Coastal Indians did not live in tepees as did the Yakima Indians of Eastern Washington. Instead, they lived in longhouses built of thick cedar planks. These homes were also called plank houses. Each family would be assigned a living area, a space of their own, within the house.