What happens during condensation?

Asked By: Trisha Glockner | Last Updated: 22nd February, 2020
Category: home and garden indoor environmental quality
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Condensation is the change of water from its gaseous form (water vapor) into liquid water. Condensation generally occurs in the atmosphere when warm air rises, cools and looses its capacity to hold water vapor. As a result, excess water vapor condenses to form cloud droplets.

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Just so, what is the process of condensation?

Condensation is the process by which water vapor in the air is changed into liquid water. In other words, the water in the air, a gas known as water vapor, from your hot shower cooled when it met the surface of the cold mirror. This caused the water vapor to condense, or turn into its liquid form.

Beside above, what is the next step after condensation? Next, it moves through evaporation, or the process by which water is converted from its liquid state to a gaseous state called water vapor. This is followed by condensation, which is the process by which water vapor is changed back into liquid water.

Thereof, what happens to the particles during condensation?

Condensation happens when molecules in a gas cool down. As the molecules lose heat, they lose energy and slow down. They move closer to other gas molecules. Finally these molecules collect together to form a liquid.

How does condensation affect weather?

The gaseous vapour rises and circulates in the atmosphere, cools and changes back into a liquid. This process is called condensation and releases energy (exothermic). Tiny droplets of water in the atmosphere accumulate to form clouds, which can return the water to Earth as precipitation, namely rain or snow.

39 Related Question Answers Found

Is condensation a surface phenomenon?

Condensation is the change of the physical state of matter from the gas phase into the liquid phase, and is the reverse of vaporization. It can also be defined as the change in the state of water vapor to liquid water when in contact with a liquid or solid surface or cloud condensation nuclei within the atmosphere.

What time of day is condensation usually present?

Dew Point and Relative Humidity
When the air temperature drops below its dew point, excess moisture will be released in the form of condensation. Condensation problems are most likely to occur in climates where temperatures frequently dip to 35°F or colder over an extended period of time.

What is condensation in water cycle?

Condensation is the process by which water vapor in the air is changed into liquid water. Condensation is crucial to the water cycle because it is responsible for the formation of clouds. Condensation is the opposite of evaporation.

Why is condensation necessary for clouds?

The air high above the air is colder than air at the surface. The vapor rises until it reaches a low enough temperature and pressure to condense water vapor into water droplets and form a cloud. When vapor condenses into liquid or solid particles, it loses some of its energy to the air.

What is condensation for kids?

Condensation is the process when water vapor (water in its gas form) turns into liquid. It happens when molecules of water vapor cool and collect together as liquid water. Water vapor can be found on the outside of cold glasses, the warm side of windows, and in the clouds up in the air.

Why does condensation occur on a glass of water?

When water vapor in the air comes into contact with something cool, such as the outside of a cold glass of lemonade, its molecules slow down and get closer together. When that happens, the gaseous water vapor turns back into liquid water droplets. That's condensation!

How do you measure condensation?

The Ice-Water Can Method to Measure Dew Point
Based on the definition, a simple method to measure the dew point temperature involves cooling a surface until water vapor begins to condense on the surface. This is the principle used in a chilled mirror hygrometer, which is used to measure the dew point.

What is condensation in heat transfer?

When vapor comes in contact with the surface of an object kept at a temperature lower than the saturation temperature, it condenses into a liquid with the release of latent heat. The heat transfer accompanied by condensation is called condensation heat transfer.

What must be changed during condensation?

Condensation involves a gas becoming a liquid. Evaporation involves a liquid becoming a gas and sublimation is the change of a solid directly to a gas. Phase changes require either the addition of heat energy (melting, evaporation, and sublimation) or subtraction of heat energy (condensation and freezing).

What happens during melting?

Melting is a process that causes a substance to change from a solid to a liquid. Melting occurs when the molecules of a solid speed up enough that the motion overcomes the attractions so that the molecules can move past each other as a liquid.

What is the different between evaporation and condensation?

By definition, evaporation is a process where water changes into vapour. Condensation is the opposite process where water vapour is converted to tiny droplets of water. Evaporation occurs before a liquid reaches its boiling point. Condensation is a phase change regardless of the temperature.

Is energy released during condensation?

Energy will be released to change from liquid to solid (fusion), gas to liquid (condensation), or gas to solid. Latent heat of condensation is energy released when water vapor condenses to form liquid droplets.

What makes up a cloud?

A cloud is made up of liquid water droplets. A cloud forms when air is heated by the sun. As it rises, it slowly cools it reaches the saturation point and water condenses, forming a cloud. As long as the cloud and the air that its made of is warmer than the outside air around it, it floats!

What is the difference between heat and temperature?

Often we think that heat and temperature are the same thing. However, this is not the case. Heat and temperature are related to each other, but are different concepts. Heat is the total energy of molecular motion in a substance while temperature is a measure of the average energy of molecular motion in a substance.

What happens if you breathe on a cold mirror?

First, take a few deep breaths and notice that you can't see your breath in the warm air around you. Then, breathe onto the mirror. This occurs because the cold mirror cools the air right around it, which causes your warm breath to condense on the mirror as it hits the cold air.

What happens to energy during evaporation?

Evaporation happens when a liquid substance becomes a gas. When water is heated, it evaporates. The molecules move and vibrate so quickly that they escape into the atmosphere as molecules of water vapor. Heat from the sun, or solar energy, powers the evaporation process.

Why does water change from a solid to a liquid when heated?

When a solid is heated the particles gain energy and start to vibrate faster and faster. Although the particles are still loosely connected they are able to move around. At this point the solid is melting to form a liquid. The particles in the liquid are the same as in the solid but they have more energy.