What does the stomach do GCSE?

Asked By: Meagan Tscharke | Last Updated: 15th March, 2020
Category: medical health digestive disorders
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In the stomach
The stomach produces hydrochloric acid. It kills many harmful micro-organisms that might have been swallowed along with the food. The enzymes in the stomach work best in acidic conditions – at a low pH. Protein digestion starts here.

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Likewise, people ask, what happens in the stomach GCSE?

The stomach is an important organ in the digestive system. After food has been chewed in the mouth and swallowed, it enters the stomach via the oesophagus. The stomach produces strong acid. After it leaves the stomach, the partially-digested food passes into the intestines where it begins to be absorbed.

Also, what is the job of the stomach? Your stomach is a sac-like organ with strong muscular walls. In addition to holding food, it serves as the mixer and grinder of food. Your stomach makes acid and powerful enzymes that break the food down and change it to a liquid or paste. From there, food moves to your small intestine.

Also Know, what is digestion GCSE?

Digestion is the breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins and fats into small soluble substances to be absorbed into the blood. Amylase, proteases and lipases are enzymes that are important in digestion. Biology (Single Science)

What is the function of bile GCSE?

The liver produces bile which emulsifies fats i.e. breaks them down into small droplets for a larger surface area. This will increase the rate at which the fat is digested by lipase. Bile also neutralizes the acid produced by the stomach to provide ideal alkaline conditions for enzymes in the small intestine.

38 Related Question Answers Found

Where feces are stored?

The last part of the large intestine is the rectum, which is where feces (waste material) is stored before leaving the body through the anus.

What happens when food reaches the stomach?

After food enters your stomach, the stomach muscles mix the food and liquid with digestive juices. The stomach slowly empties its contents, called chyme, into your small intestine. Small intestine. The walls of the small intestine absorb water and the digested nutrients into your bloodstream.

What acid is in the stomach?

The main constituent of gastric acid is hydrochloric acid which is produced by parietal cells (also called oxyntic cells) in the gastric glands in the stomach. Its secretion is a complex and relatively energetically expensive process.

Why the stomach is important?

Function of the stomach
Partial digestion of the food takes place here. The churning action of the stomach muscles physically breaks down the food. The stomach releases acids and enzymes for the chemical breakdown of food. The enzyme pepsin is responsible for protein breakdown.

What does the large intestine do?

The 4 major functions of the large intestine are recovery of water and electrolytes, formation and storage of faeces and fermentation of some of the indigestible food matter by bacteria. The ileocaecal valve controls the entry of material from the last part of the small intestine called the ileum.

How does the digestive system work?

Digestion works by moving food through the GI tract. Digestion begins in the mouth with chewing and ends in the small intestine. As food passes through the GI tract, it mixes with digestive juices, causing large molecules of food to break down into smaller molecules.

What does the mouth do?

Mouth. Also known as the oral cavity, the mouth is the hollow cavity that allows food and air to enter the body. The mouth contains many other organs - such as the teeth, tongue, and the ducts of the salivary glands - that work together to aid in the ingestion and digestion of food.

How does hydrochloric acid help digestion GCSE?

The stomach produces hydrochloric acid. It kills many harmful micro-organisms that might have been swallowed along with the food. The enzymes in the stomach work best in acidic conditions – at a low pH. Protein digestion starts here.

What happens when food is not digested?

What Happens When Food Is Not Digested? If undigested food particles are too large to pass through the mucosal barrier and into the bloodstream, these particles will putrefy in the intestines, and could be absorbed into the blood.

Where does digestion begin?

Digestion begins in the mouth, well before food reaches the stomach. When we see, smell, taste, or even imagine a tasty meal, our salivary glands in front of the ear, under the tongue, and near the lower jaw begin making saliva (spit).

What happens to bread in the stomach?

Before your food passes from the mouth and down your esophagus, salivary amylase, an enzyme in saliva, begins to digest the starch in your bread. That is the start of chemical digestion. The passage of the bolus through the esophagus to the stomach occurs by peristalsis, a series of wave-like muscle contractions.

What happens to protein after food is swallowed?

Proteins are digested in the stomach and small intestine. Protease enzymes break down proteins into amino acids. Digestion of proteins in the stomach is helped by stomach acid, which is strong hydrochloric acid. This also kills harmful microorganisms that may be in the food.

What is mostly absorbed in the large intestine?

The large intestine performs the vital functions of converting food into feces, absorbing essential vitamins produced by gut bacteria, and reclaiming water from feces. A slurry of digested food, known as chyme, enters the large intestine from the small intestine via the ileocecal sphincter.

Why does the stomach not digest food?

Gastroparesis Causes and Risk Factors
Diabetes is the most common known cause of gastroparesis. It can damage nerves -- including the vagus nerve, which regulates your digestive system -- and certain cells in your stomach. Other causes of gastroparesis include: Viral stomach infections (gastroenteritis)

Is the digestive system biology?

Summary. The digestive system consists of organs that break down food, absorb its nutrients, and expel any remaining food waste. Digestion is the process of breaking down food into components that the body can absorb. It includes mechanical digestion and chemical digestion.

What tissues are in the stomach?

Microscopic analysis of the stomach's structure reveals that it is made of several distinct layers of tissue: the mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, and serosa layers.
  • Mucosa. The innermost layer of the stomach is known as the mucosa, and is made of mucous membrane.
  • Submucosa.
  • Muscularis.
  • Serosa.

Can you live without a stomach?

It may be surprising to learn a person can live without a stomach. But the body is able to bypass the stomach's main function of storing and breaking down food to gradually pass to the intestines. Absent a stomach, food consumed in small quantities can move directly from the esophagus to the small intestine.