What does the prefix hypo mean in biology?

Asked By: Favio Palou | Last Updated: 2nd April, 2020
Category: science biological sciences
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Hypo- 1. (Science: prefix) a prefix signifying a less quantity, deficient, below normal or a low state or degree, of that denoted by the word with which it is joined, or position under or beneath. For example, hypocalcaemia is olow calcium in the blood. 2.

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Similarly, it is asked, what does the prefix hypo mean?

The Greek prefix hypo- is an important morpheme of the English language. Examples using this prefix include hypothermia and hypocritical. An easy way to remember that the prefix hypo- means “under” is through the adjective hypodermic, which refers to going “under” the skin, especially when being given a shot.

Also, what is the root word of biology? The Greek root word bio means 'life. ' Some common English vocabulary words that come from this root word include biological, biography, and amphibian. One easy word that is helpful in remembering bio is biology, or the study of 'life.

Accordingly, what does the prefix ISO mean in biology?

1. (Science: prefix) a prefix that means equal or like. 2. (Science: immunology) a prefix designating sameness with respect to species; in recent years, the meaning has shifted to sameness with respect to genetic Constitution of individuals.

What does the prefix chloro mean in biology?

chloro- 1. , a combining form meaning “green”: chlorophyll.

37 Related Question Answers Found

What is the opposite of Hypo?

Hypo-: Prefix meaning low, under, beneath, down, or below normal, as in hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyposensitivity (undersensitivity). The opposite of hypo- is hyper-.

Who is a hyper?

The definition of hyper is high-strung or overexcited. An example of hyper is a child who has just eaten lots of sugar. YourDictionary definition and usage example.

What does sub mean in medical terms?

Sub-: Prefix meaning meaning under, below, less than normal, secondary, less than fully. As in subacute, subaortic stenosis, subarachnoid, subclavian, subclinical disease, subcutaneous, subdural, subglottis, subjacent, sublingual, subluxation, and subtotal hysterectomy. From the Latin preposition sub meaning under.

Does Hypo mean more or less?

prefix. Hypo is defined as under or less than. An example of hypo used as a prefix is a hypodermic syringe, a needle that injects medicine or fluids under the skin. YourDictionary definition and usage example.

What is the opposite of hyper?

Hyper-: Prefix meaning high, beyond, excessive, or above normal, as in hyperglycemia (high sugar in the blood) and hypercalcemia (high calcium in the blood). The opposite of hyper- is hypo-. CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW.

What are some words that start with hypo?

11-letter words that start with hypo
  • hypothermia.
  • hypothesize.
  • hypotension.
  • hypotensive.
  • hypokalemia.
  • hypospadias.
  • hypothecate.
  • hypoglossal.

Which prefix means against?

anti- a prefix meaningagainst,” “opposite of,” “antiparticle of,” used in the formation of compound words (anticline); used freely in combination with elements of any origin (antibody; antifreeze; antiknock; antilepton).

What does Chondriac mean?

Also hy·po·chon·dri·a·sis [hahy-poh-kuh n-drahy-uh-sis] /ˌha? po? k?nˈdra? ? s?s/. Psychiatry. an excessive preoccupation with one's health, usually focusing on some particular symptom, as cardiac or gastric problems.

Does ISO mean equal?

Scientific definitions for iso (2 of 2)
A prefix that meansequal,” as in isometric, “having equal measurements.” A prefix used to indicate an isomer of an organic compound, especially a branched isomer of a compound that normally consists of a straight chain.

What is ISO in medical term?

Medical Definition of Iso-
Iso-: Equal, like, or similar. Iso- is derived from the Greek "isos" meaning "equal or like."

What does ISO stand for in science?

iso- a combining form meaning “equal,” used in the formation of compound words: isochromatic; in chemistry, used in the names of substances which are isomeric with the substance denoted by the base word: isocyanic acid.

What does hyper mean in biology?

1. (Science: prefix) Signifying over, above, high, beyond, excessive, above normal; as, hyperphysical, hyperthyrion; also abnormally great, excessive; as, hyperaemia, hyperbola, hypercritical, hypersecretion. 2. (Science: chemistry) a prefix equivalent to super- or per-; as hyperoxide, or peroxide.

What words start with ISO?

9 letter words that start with iso
  • isolation.
  • isotropic.
  • isometric.
  • isopropyl.
  • isosceles.
  • isoniazid.
  • isobutane.
  • isoenzyme.

What is the Greek meaning of iso?

ISO - International Organization for Standardization
Note that ISO is not an acronym; instead, the name derives from the greek word iso, which means equal. Founded in 1946, ISO is an international organization composed of national standards bodies from over 75 countries.

What is medical terminology?

Medical terminology is language used to precisely describe the human body including its components, processes, conditions affecting it, and procedures performed upon it. The roots, prefixes and suffixes are often derived from Greek or Latin, and often quite dissimilar from their English-language variants.

What can a person anticipate?

The definition of anticipate is to complete a task before a deadline. An example of anticipate is to turn in a school project before the due date. Anticipate means to use up something before you have it. An example of anticipate is when a person writes checks for all his bills before his next paycheck is deposited.

What does prefix hyper mean?

hyper- a prefix appearing in loanwords from Greek, where it meant “over,” usually implying excess or exaggeration (hyperbole); on this model used, especially as opposed to hypo-, in the formation of compound words (hyperthyroid).