What does the myenteric plexus regulate?

Asked By: Lourenco Luezas | Last Updated: 4th May, 2020
Category: medical health lung and respiratory health
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The myenteric plexus is the major nerve supply to the gastrointestinal tract and controls GI tract motility. According to preclinical studies, 30% of myenteric plexus' neurons are enteric sensory neurons, thus Auerbach's plexus has also a sensory component.

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Regarding this, what does the submucosal plexus regulate?

function of the enteric nervous system …of neurons is called the Meissner, or submucosal, plexus. This plexus regulates the configuration of the luminal surface, controls glandular secretions, alters electrolyte and water transport, and regulates local blood flow.

Beside above, what type of tissue is the myenteric plexus? The myenteric plexus is situated between the circular muscle layer and the longitudinal muscle layer in the lower esophagus, stomach, and intestines. The submucous plexus, as its name implies, is located in the submucosal tissue, which connects…

Herein, what is the difference in function between the submucosal plexus and the myenteric plexus?

The myenteric plexus consists mostly of a linear chain of many interconnecting neurons that extends the entire length of the gastrointestinal tract. The submucosal plexus, in contrast to the myenteric plexus, is mainly concerned with controlling function within the inner wall of each minute segment of the intestine.

What is Meissner's plexus?

The submucosal plexus (Meissner's plexus, plexus of the submucosa, plexus submucosus) lies in the submucosa of the intestinal wall. The nerves of this plexus are derived from the myenteric plexus which itself is derived from the plexuses of parasympathetic nerves around the superior mesenteric artery.

31 Related Question Answers Found

What is the main function of the myenteric plexus?

The myenteric plexus is the major nerve supply to the gastrointestinal tract and controls GI tract motility. According to preclinical studies, 30% of myenteric plexus' neurons are enteric sensory neurons, thus Auerbach's plexus has also a sensory component.

Where is the submucosal plexus located?

The myenteric plexus, also known as Auerbach's plexus, is located between the longitudinal and circular muscle layers of the esophagus, stomach, and small and large intestine. The submucosal plexus, also known as Meissner's plexus, is situated in the submucosal region between the circular muscle and mucosa.

What plexus controls secretions of the GI tract?

Enteric Nervous System
The inner plexus is the main control for GI secretion and local blood flow. The myenteric plexus extends throughout the entire length of the gut as a linear chain of interconnected neurons. Lying within intestinal smooth muscle, the myenteric plexus focuses on muscle control.

Where are the two nerve plexus located?

Two major nerve centres are involved: the myenteric plexus (Auerbach's plexus) and the submucous plexus (Meissner's plexus). The myenteric plexus is situated between the circular muscle layer and the longitudinal muscle layer in the lower esophagus, stomach, and intestines.

What does the nervous tissue do in the stomach?


Nervous tissue in the submucosa monitors the contents of the stomach and controls smooth muscle contraction and secretion of digestive substances.

Which of the following is not considered part of the alimentary canal?

The liver (under the ribcage in the right upper part of the abdomen), the gallbladder (hidden just below the liver), and the pancreas (beneath the stomach) are not part of the alimentary canal, but these organs are essential to digestion.

What is the process of peristalsis?

Peristalsis is a series of wave-like muscle contractions that moves food to different processing stations in the digestive tract. The strong wave-like motions of the smooth muscle in the esophagus carry the food to the stomach, where it is churned into a liquid mixture called chyme.

How many neurons are in the gut?

The human gut is lined with more than 100 million nerve cells—it's practically a brain unto itself.

What nerve controls digestion?

The Nervous System of the Digestive Organs
The organs of digestion are served primarily by the Vagus nerve, one of the larger nerve networks in the body. It's divided into nerves in the submucosal layer that stimulate secretions and nerves deeper within the muscles of the gut which stimulate peristalsis.

What is the enteric nervous system and how does it function?


In vertebrates, the enteric nervous system includes efferent neurons, afferent neurons, and interneurons, all of which make the enteric nervous system capable of carrying reflexes and acting as an integrating center in the absence of CNS input. The sensory neurons report on mechanical and chemical conditions.

Which layer of the wall of the GI tract contain a nerve plexus?

The submucosal plexus, or Meissner's plexus, is located in the submucosal layer and controls the mucosal glands and the muscularis mucosa. The myenteric plexus, or Auerbach's plexus, is located between the two layers of the muscularis externa and is responsible for peristaltic movements.

What is Myenteric reflex?

Medical Definition of myenteric reflex
: a reflex that is responsible for the wave of peristalsis moving along the intestine and that involves contraction of the digestive tube above and relaxation below the place where it is stimulated by an accumulated mass of food.

What is the role of the extrinsic nerve plexus?

However, the central nervous system plays an essential role in controlling esophageal and gastric motility, and in regulating gut function in different emotional states, while extrinsic peripheral nerve pathways coordinate activity between distant regions of the gastrointestinal tract.

What is the myenteric plexus quizlet?

Neurons of the myenteric plexus control the activity of the smooth muscle of the gut whereas those in the submucosal plexus also regulate mucosal secretion and blood flow.

What sphincter regulates the passage of food from the esophagus into the stomach?


The lower esophageal sphincter at the top of the stomach regulates food passing from the esophagus into the stomach, and prevents the contents of the stomach from reentering the esophagus. The pyloric sphincter at the bottom of the stomach governs the passage of food out of the stomach into the small intestine.

Which layer of the small intestine wall contains cells with microvilli?

The mucosa of the small intestine includes circular folds, villi, and microvilli. The wall of the large intestine has a thick mucosal layer, and deeper and more abundant mucus-secreting glands that facilitate the smooth passage of feces.

Where is connective tissue found in the digestive system?

The myenteric plexus is between the two muscle layers. Above the diaphragm, the outermost layer of the digestive tract is a connective tissue called adventitia. Below the diaphragm, it is called serosa.