What does the medical term renal mean?

Asked By: Tomasina Migura | Last Updated: 8th June, 2020
Category: medical health diabetes
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Medical Definition of renal
: relating to, involving, affecting, or located in the region of the kidneys : nephric renal function.

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Furthermore, what does renal mean?

The term "renal" refers to the kidney. For example, renal failure means kidney failure. Related topics: Kidney disease.

Beside above, what is the medical name for kidney? Renal physiology is the study of kidney function. Nephrology is the medical specialty which addresses diseases of kidney function: these include chronic kidney disease, nephritic and nephrotic syndromes, acute kidney injury, and pyelonephritis.

Keeping this in consideration, what is the meaning of renal impairment?

Acute renal failure: Sudden and often temporary loss of kidney function. Also called acute kidney failure. As opposed to chronic renal failure. Normally, the kidneys filter the blood and remove waste and excess salt and water. Acute kidney failure is when the kidneys suddenly stop working.

What is a normal renal function?

If two or more levels are high, you may have kidney disease. The normal serum creatinine range is 0.6–1.1 mg/dL in women and 0.7–1.3 mg/dL in men. This test compares creatinine in your blood and urine. Normal creatinine clearance is 88–128 mL/min for healthy women and 97–137 mL/min for healthy men.

26 Related Question Answers Found

What is renal function test?

Kidney function tests are common lab tests used to evaluate how well the kidneys are working. Such tests include: BUN (Blood urea nitrogen) Creatinine - blood. Creatinine clearance.

Where did the word renal come from?

Borrowed from Late Latin renalis (“related to the kidneys”), from Latin renes (“kidneys”).

Why do doctors check creatinine levels?

Doctors measure the level of creatinine in the blood to check kidney function. High levels of creatinine may indicate that your kidney is damaged and not working properly. These tests are done during routine physical exams to help diagnose certain diseases and to check for any problems with your kidney function.

Where does the word kidney come from?

The word kidney is probably a compound of the Old English cwið, "womb," and ey, "egg," describing the organ's shape.

What causes renal failure?


What causes kidney failure?
  • Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and IgA nephropathy.
  • Genetic diseases (diseases you are born with), such as polycystic kidney disease.
  • Nephrotic syndrome.
  • Urinary tract problems.

What is a renal diet?

Renal Diet. A renal diet is one that is low in sodium, phosphorous, and protein. A renal diet also emphasizes the importance of consuming high-quality protein and usually limiting fluids. Some patients may also need to limit potassium and calcium.

How do you improve kidney function?

Five simple lifestyle steps can help you keep them in good shape.
  1. Stay hydrated. Drinking plenty of fluid will help your kidneys function properly.
  2. Eat healthily.
  3. Watch your blood pressure.
  4. Don't smoke or drink too much alcohol.
  5. Keep slim to help your kidneys.

What color is urine when your kidneys are failing?

Brown, red, or purple urine
Kidneys make urine, so when the kidneys are failing, the urine may change.

What is the first sign of kidney problems?

Early signs of kidney failure
If you experience early signs of kidney disease, they may include: decreased urine output. fluid retention that leads to swelling in limbs. shortness of breath.

What is considered severe renal impairment?


Stage 1 with normal or high GFR (GFR > 90 mL/min) Stage 2 Mild CKD (GFR = 60-89 mL/min) Stage 3A Moderate CKD (GFR = 45-59 mL/min) Stage 3B Moderate CKD (GFR = 30-44 mL/min) Stage 4 Severe CKD (GFR = 15-29 mL/min)

How long can you live with renal failure?

In the case of acute renal failure the renal function declines rapidly within hours or days giving rise to serious metabolic disturbance. If that state continues to the point that the person is no longer producing urine, which is known as oliguria, it is unlikely that the person could survive longer than 2 to 3 weeks.

What happens when you go into renal failure?

Acute kidney failure occurs when your kidneys suddenly become unable to filter waste products from your blood. When your kidneys lose their filtering ability, dangerous levels of wastes may accumulate, and your blood's chemical makeup may get out of balance.

What are the 5 stages of kidney disease?

Five Stages of Kidney Disease
  • Stage 1 with normal or high GFR (GFR > 90 mL/min)
  • Stage 2 Mild CKD (GFR = 60-89 mL/min)
  • Stage 3A Moderate CKD (GFR = 45-59 mL/min)
  • Stage 3B Moderate CKD (GFR = 30-44 mL/min.
  • Stage 4 Severe CKD (GFR = 15-29 mL/min)
  • Stage 5 End Stage CKD (GFR <15 mL/min)

How do you check kidney health?

What tests do doctors use to diagnose and monitor kidney disease?
  1. a blood test that checks how well your kidneys are filtering your blood, called GFR. GFR stands for glomerular filtration rate.
  2. a urine test to check for albumin. Albumin is a protein that can pass into the urine when the kidneys are damaged.

How do I keep my kidneys healthy?


Here are some tips to help keep your kidneys healthy.
  1. Keep active and fit.
  2. Control your blood sugar.
  3. Monitor blood pressure.
  4. Monitor weight and eat a healthy diet.
  5. Drink plenty of fluids.
  6. Don't smoke.
  7. Be aware of the amount of OTC pills you take.
  8. Have your kidney function tested if you're at high risk.

Is kidney disease curable?

Depending on the underlying cause, some types of kidney disease can be treated. Often, though, chronic kidney disease has no cure. Treatment usually consists of measures to help control signs and symptoms, reduce complications, and slow progression of the disease.

What is the blood test for kidney called?

Specific kidney tests include. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) - one of the most common blood tests to check for chronic kidney disease. It tells how well your kidneys are filtering. Creatinine blood and urine tests - check the levels of creatinine, a waste product that your kidneys remove from your blood.