What did farmers do in the late 1800s?

Asked By: Hamilton Davison | Last Updated: 6th April, 2020
Category: business and finance food industry
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Farmers were facing many problems in the late 1800s. These problems included overproduction, low crop prices, high interest rates, high transportation costs, and growing debt. Farmers worked to alleviate these problems.

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Beside this, what did farmers use in the 1800s?

Most farmers used their corn crop to feed the pigs that were then sold for profit. Wheat and hogs were cash crops for farmers, and potatoes were a staple with nearly every meal and lasted throughout the winter.

Additionally, how did farming change in the late 1800s? Farmers of the late 1800's: Changing the Shape of American Politics. The period between 1870 and 1900 was a time to change politics. Crops such as cotton and wheat, once the cash crop of agriculture, were selling at prices so low that it was nearly impossible for farmers to make a profit.

Additionally, why were farmers in debt in the late 1800s?

Farmers believed that interest rates were too high because of monopolistic lenders, and the money supply was inadequate, producing deflation. A falling price level increased the real burden of debt, as farmers repaid loans with dollars worth significantly more than those they had borrowed.

How did railroads hurt farmers in the late 1800s?

Railroads helped farmers by shipping crops to new markets but hurt farmers by charging high shipping rates. the railroad industry. In the system of sharecropping in the late 1800s, farmers rented land from landowners in return for a share of the crops.

31 Related Question Answers Found

What was farm life like in the 1800s?

Around the middle part of the 1800s, most farmers in the Midwest lived in single room log cabins. Injuries were very common while farming with these tools. Though these injuries occured, at least the soil was very rich and full of nutrients.

How many farmers were there in the 1800s?

Originally Answered: What percentage of people in the US worked in agriculture in the 1800s? Total population: 23,191,786; farm population; 11,680,000 (est.); farmers 64% of l

What were the social problems faced by the farmers?

Indeed, at the close of the century of greatest agricultural expansion, the dilemma of the farmer had become a major problem. Several basic factors were involved-soil exhaustion, the vagaries of nature, overproduction of staple crops, decline in self-sufficiency, and lack of adequate legislative protection and aid.

How was agriculture affected by the Great Depression?

Farmers Grow Angry and Desperate. During World War I, farmers worked hard to produce record crops and livestock. When prices fell they tried to produce even more to pay their debts, taxes and living expenses. In the early 1930s prices dropped so low that many farmers went bankrupt and lost their farms.

What problems did American farmers face in 1890?


Many attributed their problems to discriminatory railroad rates, monopoly prices charged for farm machinery and fertilizer, an oppressively high tariff, an unfair tax structure, an inflexible banking system, political corruption, corporations that bought up huge tracks of land.

Who started agriculture?

Sometime around 12,000 years ago, our hunter-gatherer ancestors began trying their hand at farming. First, they grew wild varieties of crops like peas, lentils and barley and herded wild animals like goats and wild oxen.

How did farmers transport their goods?

Common U.S. transportation systems for agricultural products include highways, railroads, and waterways. Highway – Semi trucks travel everywhere from farms, county highways, and interstate roads to carry freight. There are several types of semi-trailers to use depending on the type of freight that needs transported.

How did early farmers live?

Before farming, people lived by hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants. When supplies ran out, these hunter-gatherers moved on. Farming meant that people did not need to travel to find food. Instead, they began to live in settled communities, and grew crops or raised animals on nearby land.

Why were farmers struggling in the late 1800s?

Farmers were facing many problems in the late 1800s. These problems included overproduction, low crop prices, high interest rates, high transportation costs, and growing debt. The cooperatives also served the purpose of having the farmers pool their crops to try to help raise prices they got for their crops.

How did railroads affect farmers negatively?


One of the primary effects of railroads on farmers is the decrease that railroads bring to farmers' transportation costs. Most obviously, it becomes cheaper to transport crops to the cities and ports. In addition, farmers can buy and transport industrial goods back to farms, including farm equipment and cattle.

Did farmers buy on credit?

Farmers started out with little capital (cash) and very limited access to credit. They also had to buy seeds, livestock, and equipment on credit. Usually, the local merchant was the only source of credit. Since there was no competition, he charged high interest rates and the farmers had to pay them.

Did farmers want inflation or deflation?

During inflation, prices go up. During deflation, prices come down. Deflation was a very big problem for the farmers. Many of the farmers wanted some inflation so that they could get enough money for their crop so that they could make the payments to the bank.

Why did farmers suffer in the 1920s?

While most Americans enjoyed relative prosperity for most of the 1920s, the Great Depression for the American farmer really began after World War I. Much of the Roaring '20s was a continual cycle of debt for the American farmer, stemming from falling farm prices and the need to purchase expensive machinery.

Why did farmers dislike the gold standard?

Gold Standard- Money in circulation is backed by gold. Amount of money in circulation is restricted by amount of gold to back it. Farmers were opposed to the gold standard because it restricted the amount of money in circulation. William Jennings Bryan- Cross of Gold Speech.

What economic problems did many farmers face in the late 1800s?


Populist Movement. question1 What economic problems did many farmers face during the late 1800s? answer Many farmers faced increasing debt, scarce land, foreclosures, and excessive shipping charges from railroads.

How did the Grange respond to the challenges farmers faced in the late 1800s?

In 1800, farmers were facing problems that included overproduction, inflation all of which resulted in bad revenue. Their strategy to solve these problems was opposed, therefore, they formed groups such as the Grange to help reduce transportation costs. It also encouraged farmers to jointly sell crops to raise money.

Why were farmers angry at railroad companies?

For what reasons were farmers angry at railroad companies? Due wages and the abuse/circumstances they were living. In repose to these abuses by the railroads, the Granger laws help establish an important principle, the federal government's right to regulate private industry to serve the public interest.