What did Antoine Lavoisier discovered about the atom?

Asked By: Subhan Cusi | Last Updated: 26th March, 2020
Category: science chemistry
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Lavoisier is most noted for his discovery of the role oxygen plays in combustion. He recognized and named oxygen (1778) and hydrogen (1783), and opposed the phlogiston theory. Lavoisier helped construct the metric system, wrote the first extensive list of elements, and helped to reform chemical nomenclature.

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People also ask, what did Antoine Lavoisier discovered about the atomic theory?

Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794) was the first person to make good use of the balance. He was an excellent experimenter. After a visit with Priestly in 1774, he began careful study of the burning process. He proposed the Combustion Theory which was based on sound mass measurements.

Also, how did Antoine Lavoisier discovered the law of conservation of mass? Lavoisier placed some mercury in a jar, sealed the jar, and recorded the total mass of the setup. He found in all cases that the mass of the reactants is equal to the mass of the products. His conclusion, called the states that in a chemical reaction, atoms are neither created nor destroyed.

Hereof, what did Antoine Lavoisier discover?

Carbon Oxygen Silicon

What is Lavoisier's theory?

Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, a meticulous experimenter, revolutionized chemistry. He established the law of conservation of mass, determined that combustion and respiration are caused by chemical reactions with what he named “oxygen,” and helped systematize chemical nomenclature, among many other accomplishments.

39 Related Question Answers Found

What was Dalton's model of the atom?

Dalton's atomic theory proposed that all matter was composed of atoms, indivisible and indestructible building blocks. While all atoms of an element were identical, different elements had atoms of differing size and mass.

Who discovered the atomic theory?

The ancient atomic theory was proposed in the 5th century bc by the Greek philosophers Leucippus and Democritus and was revived in the 1st century bc by the Roman philosopher and poet Lucretius.

Who discovered the nucleus?


Ernest Rutherford

What was Aristotle's atomic model?

Aristotle did not believe in the atomic theory and he taught so otherwise. He thought that all materials on Earth were not made of atoms, but of the four elements, Earth, Fire, Water, and Air. He believed all substances were made of small amounts of these four elements of matter.

How did Lavoisier discover oxygen?

Lavoisier realized that there was no way phlogiston could have a negative mass and set out to prove that combustion was caused by something else. He heated Mercury until calx formed, then he heated the calx until it gave off a clear gas. He dubbed the gas “oxygen” – a name that referred to its ability to create acids.

Who discovered oxygen first?

Joseph Priestley
Antoine Lavoisier
Carl Wilhelm Scheele

Why is Lavoisier important?


Lavoisier is most noted for his discovery of the role oxygen plays in combustion. He recognized and named oxygen (1778) and hydrogen (1783), and opposed the phlogiston theory. Lavoisier helped construct the metric system, wrote the first extensive list of elements, and helped to reform chemical nomenclature.

What is the theory of combustion?

The prevailing theory was that flammable materials contained a substance called “phlogiston” (from the Greek word for burn) that was released during combustion. The theory held that when a candle burned, for example, phlogiston was transferred from it to the surrounding air.

Why was phlogiston theory wrong?

It was Antoine Lavoisier who disproved the Phlogiston Theory. He renamed the "dephlogisticated air" oxygen when he realized that the oxygen was the part of air that combines with substances as they burn. Because of Lavoisier's work, Lavoisier is now called the "Father of Modern Chemistry".

Who named Oxygen?

Antoine Lavoisier

Who is known as father of chemistry?

Jöns Jacob Berzelius
Along with Lavoisier, Boyle, and Dalton, Berzelius is known as the father of modern chemistry. In 1828 he compiled a table of relative atomic weights, where oxygen was set to 100, and which included all of the elements known at the time.

What was the phlogiston theory of burning?


The phlogiston theory is a superseded scientific theory that postulated that a fire-like element called phlogiston (/fl?ˈd??st?n, flo?-, -?n/) is contained within combustible bodies and released during combustion. The name comes from the Ancient Greek φλογιστόν phlogistón (burning up), from φλόξ phlóx (flame).

What is the oxygen theory of combustion?

The oxygen theory of combustion resulted from a demanding and sustained campaign to construct an experimentally grounded chemical theory of combustion, respiration, and calcination. The theory that emerged was in many respects a mirror image of the phlogiston theory, but gaining evidence to support the new…

Why is Antoine Lavoisier considered the father of chemistry?

Antoine Lavoisier determined that oxygen was a key substance in combustion, and he gave the element its name. He developed the modern system of naming chemical substances and has been called the “father of modern chemistry” for his emphasis on careful experimentation.