What datum is Google Maps in?

Asked By: Madalena Eyckmans | Last Updated: 20th June, 2020
Category: science geography
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Google Earth (also Google Maps and Microsoft Virtual Earth) use a Mercator projection based on a spherical datum (in ESRI parlance, datum = “Geographic Coordinate System; GCS”) that is a modification of the WGS84 datum.

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Besides, what coordinate system does Google Maps use?

Google uses WGS 84 Web Mercator as its coordinate system. In ESRI it is under geographic coordinate systems.

Furthermore, what elevation datum is Google Earth? 3 Answers. The heights on google earth refer to EGM96 and are, therefore, Geoidal heights. The lat/long are referred to the WGS 84 ellipsoid.

Then, is Google Earth in nad83 or nad27?

Geodetic Datums: NAD83 versus NAD27 One of the primary difference is that NAD83 uses an Earth-centered reference, rather than a fixed station in NAD27. All coordinates were referenced to Kansas Meade's Ranch (39°13'26.686″ north latitude, 98°32'30.506″ west longitude) for NAD27 datum.

How do you find a coordinate?

To find out the coordinates of a point in the coordinate system you do the opposite. Begin at the point and follow a vertical line either up or down to the x-axis. There is your x-coordinate. And then do the same but following a horizontal line to find the y-coordinate.

35 Related Question Answers Found

How do I find the coordinates of a location?

Enter coordinates to find a place
  1. On your computer, open Google Maps.
  2. In the search box at the top, type your coordinates. Here are examples of formats that work: Degrees, minutes, and seconds (DMS): 41°24'12.2"N 2°10'26.5"E.
  3. You'll see a pin show up at your coordinates.

What is the most common GPS format?

Most GPS devices provide coordinates in the Degrees, Minutes and Seconds (DMS) format, or most commonly the Decimal Degrees (DD) format. The popular Google Maps provides their coordinates in both DMS and DD formats.

What is the most common coordinate system?

A geographic coordinate system uses longitude and latitude expressed in decimal degrees. For example, WGS 1984 and NAD 1983 are the most common datums today. Before 1983, NAD27 was the most common datum.

What is the difference between datum and coordinate system?

What is the difference between a datum and a coordinate system? tl;dr Datums are 3-dimensional smooth spheroid models of Earth. We use lat/long angular coordinates to map location on sphere-like objects. A coordinate system is any type of measuring system used to map space on either 2D or 3D surfaces.

How do I find latitude and longitude on Google Maps?


How to find a location's Latitude & Longitude in Google Maps
  1. Navigate to Google's Maps website: www.google.com/maps.
  2. Enter the address you want to find the Latitude & Longitude for such as ClubRunner.
  3. Right click on the Map's pin point, and from the new menu choose What's Here?
  4. A box at the bottom of the page will appear with the coordinates that are required for ClubRunner.

What are the different GPS coordinate formats?

The three common formats:
DDD° MM' SS.S" Degrees, Minutes and Seconds
DDD° MM.MMM' Degrees and Decimal Minutes
DDD.DDDDD° Decimal Degrees

Is easting and northing the same as longitude and latitude?

UTM zones in Europe. UTM coordinates are presented in the format longitude zone latitude zone easting northing, where easting is the projected distance from longitude zone's central meridian and northing is the projected distance from the equator. The values of both easting and northing are given in meters.

What does wgs84 stand for?

World Geodetic System 1984

Is wgs84 a projection?

The North American 1983 datum (NAD83) uses the Geodetic Reference System (GRS80) ellipsoid while the World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS84) uses the WGS 84 ellipsoid. For example, the “WGS84 projection” is a geographic one. A UTM projection is a projected one.

What is GPS datum?


A datum is a model of the earth that is used in mapping. The datum consists of a series of numbers that define the shape and size of the ellipsoid and it's orientation in space. A datum is chosen to give the best possible fit to the true shape of the Earth. Another example, familiar to GPS users, is the WGS-84 datum.

Why is datum important?

Why do we use a datum? A datum is a point, line, or surface from which dimensions are taken. The datum can be a single point eg the centre of a hole or face of a feature to a component. A datum is used to reduce errors when marking out, and measuring by reducing the accumulation of errors.

What does nad83 mean?

Since the 1980s, the United States and some North American neighbors have used the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) and the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88) for horizontal and vertical georeferencing (respectively).

What is nad83 format?

The North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) uses thousands of survey monuments and triangulation to create a reference frame for Earth. This reference frame allows surveyors, geodesists and cartographers to accurately map out locations on Earth with latitude and longitude locations.

What is datum in surveying?

Definition. In surveying and geodesy, a datum is a reference system or an approximation of the Earth's surface against which positional measurements are made for computing locations. Horizontal datums are used for describing a point on the Earth's surface, in latitude and longitude or another coordinate system.

How are datums developed?


Datums. While a spheroid approximates the shape of the earth, a datum defines the position of the spheroid relative to the center of the earth. A datum provides a frame of reference for measuring locations on the surface of the earth. It defines the origin and orientation of latitude and longitude lines.

How are elevations measured?

Elevation is distance above sea level. Elevations are usually measured in meters or feet. They can be shown on maps by contour lines, which connect points with the same elevation; by bands of color; or by numbers giving the exact elevations of particular points on the Earths surface.