What countries have maquiladoras?

Asked By: Roshan Queinnec | Last Updated: 19th April, 2020
Category: travel north america travel
4.9/5 (109 Views . 43 Votes)
Maquiladoras are mostly found in the Mexican border states of Baja California and Chihuahua. To be precise, the 6 border states of Mexico that make up the maquiladora border are: Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, and Tamaulipas.

Click to see full answer


Beside this, do maquiladoras still exist?

Despite the decline, over 3,000 maquiladoras still exist along the 2,000 mile-long United States–Mexico border, providing employment for approximately one million workers, and importing more than $51 billion in supplies into Mexico. As of 2006, maquiladoras still accounted for 45 percent of Mexico's exports.

Also, are maquiladoras only in Mexico? A maquiladora is a low-cost factory in Mexico, usually located near the U.S.-Mexico border, that assembles products and then exports them back to the United States. Companies can capitalize on a cheaper labor force in Mexico and also receive the benefits of doing business in the U.S., including certain tax advantages.

In this manner, what companies have maquiladoras in Mexico?

Examples of Maquiladoras in Mexico

  • 3 Day Blinds.
  • 20th Century Plastics.
  • Acer Peripherals.
  • Bali Company, Inc.
  • Bayer Corp./Medsep.
  • BMW.
  • Canon Business Machines.
  • Casio Manufacturing.

What is a maquiladora in geography?

A maquiladora is a manufacturing operation or factory established in Mexico, usually near the border, that imports raw materials and equipment for assembly, processing or manufacturing. Its products are then exported under a special program that grants them tax breaks and other benefits.

36 Related Question Answers Found

Where are most maquiladoras located?

Most of the maquiladoras however, are found in Ciudad Juarez and in Tijuana, Mexico. While most maquilas are concentrated along the US-Mexico border towns, maquiladoras can also be found all throughout Mexico.

Why are maquiladoras important?

Thus, Mexico is able to attract some of the foreign direct investment it needs to grow. Maquiladoras have not only become an increasingly significant component of the Mexican economy, they are also an important part of U.S. corporate strategy in achieving competitively priced goods in the world marketplace.

Why are maquiladoras located near the border?

Maquiladoras are duty-free factories in Mexico along the U.S. border. They are sometimes referred to as "assembly plants" because much of what they do is assemble parts that come from around the world into finished products, primarily for the U.S. market. The maquiladora program began in the mid-1960s.

Why are maquiladoras there?

The program originated from the need to industrialize northern Mexico and slowdown migration to the U.S. by creating jobs along the border. Defined more precisely, Maquiladoras are foreign-owned, controlled or subcontracted manufacturing plants that process or assemble imported components for export.

How much do maquiladora workers earn?


CNIME said that the average maquiladora wage is 70 pesos per day ($8.50). Many Mexicans complain that, although maquiladoras produce jobs, in thirty years they have produced very few homegrown spin-off industries or entrepreneurs.

Why did US companies establish maquiladoras in Mexico?

Maquiladora in Mexico. The Maquiladora Program was developed to foster border region employment rates as well as further attract foreign investment, and a 1989 decree relaxed Mexico's foreign investment laws even more, allowing maquiladoras to sell up to 50% of their products to Mexican domestic markets.

What country owns Mexico?

Mexico belongs geographically to North-America, ethnological it belongs to Latin America. Mexico is the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world. About 70% of the people live in urban areas.

What is minimum wage in Mexico?

The daily minimum wage will be 123.22 pesos ($6.36) in 2020; in the northern border region, where it was raised by 5%, it will be 185.56 pesos. Nearly 11 million Mexican workers earn the equivalent of a minimum wage.

Are maquiladoras good for Mexico?

PricewaterhouseCoopers' white paper on maquiladoras in Mexico revealed that maquila facilities are critical to the Mexican economy and are responsible for 65 percent of the country's exports.

How much do Mexican factory workers make?


As of June 2017, a manufacturing worker in Mexico earned approximately 2.3 U.S. dollars an hour, whereas the average salary in the U.S. stood at 20.8 U.S. dollars an hour.

What is a shelter company in Mexico?

Shelter manufacturing is a well-established process that allows foreign manufacturers to set up a maquiladora – or manufacturing facility – in Mexico without having to go through any of the red tape of opening a Mexican company.

Where can I get a factory in Mexico?

To find manufacturers in Mexico, multiple approaches should be taken.
  1. Locate manufacturers through online directories.
  2. Contact manufacturers to determine capabilities.
  3. If possible, visit manufacturing plants in person to confirm that business needs can be met.

What are the pros and cons of maquiladoras?

PROS OF MAQUILADORAS
  • Location. Foreign Trade Zones offer tariff advantages and reduced paperwork. Lower distribution costs.
  • Large skilled & non-skilled employment base.
  • Women in the workforce.
  • Political improvements; multi-party democracies.
  • Economic growth. Increase workforce buying power. Low labor costs; $1.90/hour.

How do maquiladoras affect the US economy?


Maquiladoras in the end are good for business. They allow Mexico's economy to increase and improve the overall quality of life for those working in them. Yes, they improve the United States economy as well. Although they can decrease job growth, they increase more than decrease.

What factories are in Mexico?

American Factories in Mexico – Tecma Manufacturing locations:
  • Tecma Central: International Manufacturing Solutions.
  • Tecma West: Blvd.
  • Torreon: Elamex de Torreon.
  • Rosarito, B.C. Calle Balbino Obeso Lopez No.
  • Tecma Energy Services: Avenida Paseo de la Reforma #250.
  • Silao. Mina de Calderones No.

Where are most maquiladoras located in Mexico?

The vast majority of maquiladoras are owned and operated by Mexican, Asian, and American companies. Maquiladoras originated in Mexico in the 1960s, with many of the plants located in the border towns of northern Mexico.