What class of drug is methotrexate?

Asked By: Zheng Bilenko | Last Updated: 29th April, 2020
Category: medical health bone and joint conditions
4.1/5 (49 Views . 17 Votes)
Methotrexate is in a class of medications called antimetabolites. Methotrexate treats cancer by slowing the growth of cancer cells. Methotrexate treats psoriasis by slowing the growth of skin cells to stop scales from forming. Methotrexate may treat rheumatoid arthritis by decreasing the activity of the immune system.

Click to see full answer

In this regard, is Methotrexate a steroid?

(1) Methotrexate is an effective steroid-sparing agent.

Also, is Methotrexate a biologic? Methotrexate is often the first drug prescribed, but your doctor may give you a biologic drug if methotrexate doesn't work well enough. Biologics don't cure RA, but they can dramatically slow its progression. They also cause fewer side effects than older drugs. Sometimes biologics may be given alone.

Just so, is Methotrexate a chemo drug?

When used for inflammatory arthritis, methotrexate is not considered chemotherapy. It is considered a DMARD (Disease modifying anti-rheumatic Drug). And it IS a chemotherapy drug. But there is a huge difference between taking a low dose of a drug that is used in cancer as chemotherapy, and being on chemotherapy.

Is Methotrexate an immunosuppressive drug?

Low-dose MTX has been considered as an immunosuppressive treatment, and there is a belief amongst rheumatologists that RA patients taking MTX not only have an increased risk of infection but also increased severity when infected [33].

39 Related Question Answers Found

What drugs should not be taken with methotrexate?

Methotrexate can be taken with other medications. You should not take methotrexate while taking antibiotics containing trimethoprim-sulfa (Bactrim®, Sulfatrim®, etc…). If you are prescribed one of these medications for an infection, do not take your methotrexate that week.

How long can you stay on methotrexate?

How long can a patient stay on Methotrexate? Many patients with rheumatoid arthritis have stayed on this drug for 20 years or more.

Can you skip a week of methotrexate?

Methotrexate once-weekly: doses should normally be taken on the same day each week (11,12). If a dose is missed, it can be taken as soon as it is remembered if this is within two days. However, if the dose is three or more days late then a doctor or the rheumatology clinic should be contacted for advice.

How does methotrexate make you feel?

Because methotrexate affects rapidly dividing cells that line the mouth and stomach, very common side effects such as painful mouth ulcers, nausea, and diarrhea may result. "People on methotrexate may also suffer from fatigue," adds Whelton.

How dangerous is methotrexate?

The dangers of daily dosing
Taking methotrexate for as little as three days in a row is enough to cause serious consequences, including sepsis (infection of the blood) and death. Note that this is different to high-dose methotrexate in chemotherapy, where “rescue therapy” is used to prevent toxicity.

Can methotrexate affect your eyes?

Methotrexate-related ocular toxicities consist of peri-orbital edema, ocular pain, blurred vision, photophobia, conjunctivitis, blepharitis, decreased reflex tear secretion87 and non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy.

How do you know if methotrexate is working?

It can take 3 to 6 weeks to start to feel your methotrexate work. It takes even longer -- 12 weeks -- to get the full effects. Your doctor will test your blood often to check on how well your treatment works and to make sure it's safe for organs such as your liver.

How common is hair loss with methotrexate?

But although hair loss is a possibility with methotrexate, it isn't a widespread side effect. According to the Arthritis Foundation, it only affects about 1 to 3 percent of people who take the medication. However, in studies of psoriasis patients, the rate of hair loss is higher: approximately 3 to 10 percent.

What happens if you don't take folic acid with methotrexate?

Methotrexate blocks some of the actions of folic acid, which can lead to side effects such as mouth sores, abdominal pain, liver problems, hair loss, and anemia. For some people, the side effects are bad enough that they stop taking their methotrexate.

What can I take for a headache while on methotrexate?

Methotrexate can sometimes be given along with other drugs to treat your condition. You can usually carry on taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as ibuprofen, or painkillers like paracetamol if needed, unless your doctor advises otherwise.

Is Methotrexate a strong drug?

Methotrexate is a strong medication. Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. For the treatment of psoriasis or rheumatoid arthritis, take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually once a week. It may take up to several months before you get the full benefit of this drug.

How soon after taking methotrexate Do you feel sick?

Methotrexate can cause gastrointestinal upset, fatigue, or even flu-like symptoms in some people. If it occurs, it is usually the day or two after you have taken your methotrexate.

Why is methotrexate given Intrathecally?

Intrathecal methotrexate is a chemotherapy drug which is given to prevent leukaemia cells entering the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) around the spine and brain. This drug is also used to treat leukaemia found in the CSF.

Can methotrexate cause brain damage?

Methotrexate chemotherapy was found to damage the brain's populations of oligodendrocyte precursor cells. The same problem was seen in mouse brains six months after methotrexate was administered.

How long can you take methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?

Many RA patients will start to experience an improvement in symptoms after six to eight weeks on methotrexate, but it can take up to six months before you would reach the full benefits of taking the drug.

What foods should you avoid when taking methotrexate?

? Until instructed by your doctor:
  • Do not drink alcohol.
  • Do not take folic acid supplements including prenatal vitamins.
  • Avoid Folic Acid rich foods (see Low Folic Acid Diet sheet)
  • Do not have intercourse ( use contraception for at least 3 months following.

What are the long term effects of methotrexate?

If you are using methotrexate long term, a liver biopsy is usually recommended. Methotrexate use has rarely caused serious (sometimes fatal) side effects, such as lung problems, lung infections (Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia), skin reactions, diarrhea, and mouth sores (ulcerative stomatitis).