What are three ethical principles that constitute the basis for the HHS?

Asked By: Gocha Montalva | Last Updated: 2nd April, 2020
Category: technology and computing video software
4.6/5 (49 Views . 40 Votes)
The Belmont Report summarizes ethical principles and guidelines for research involving human subjects. Three core principles are identified: respect for persons, beneficence, and justice.

Click to see full answer


Keeping this in consideration, what are the three ethical principles that constitute the basis for the HHS human subjects regulations?

The Belmont Report identifies three fundamental ethical principles for all human subjects research -- respect for persons, beneficence, and justice.

Subsequently, question is, which Subpart S of the 45 CFR 46 is are sometimes referred to as the Common Rule? The HHS regulations, 45 CFR part 46, include four subparts: subpart A, also known as the Federal Policy or the “Common Rule”; subpart B, additional protections for pregnant women, human fetuses, and neonates; subpart C, additional protections for prisoners; and subpart D, additional protections for children.

Moreover, which agency has regulatory authority for the protection of human subjects for PHS funded research?

The OHRP provides leadership for all 17 Federal agencies that carry out research involving humans under the Common Rule regulations. The Office has regulatory authority for the protection of human subjects in research and policies and procedures for Institutional Review Boards.

What is a systematic investigation designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge?

General Definition of Research (DHHS): A systematic investigation, including research development, testing, and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. Generalizable knowledge is information that expands the knowledge base of a scientific discipline or other scholarly field of study.

30 Related Question Answers Found

What are the three fundamental principles of informed consent?

Three core principles are identified: respect for persons, beneficence, and justice. Three primary areas of application are also stated. They are informed consent, assessment of risks and benefits, and selection of subjects.

Who has diminished autonomy?

People with diminished autonomy should be protected
This could include young children, people who are very ill, or those with mental disabilities. In such cases, these people should be protected and only be included in research under specific circumstances, since they cannot make a true informed decision on their own.

What is diminished autonomy?

A person of diminished autonomy, by contrast, is in some respect controlled by others or incapable of deliberating or acting on the basis of his or her desires and plans. For example, prisoners and mentally retarded individuals often have diminished autonomy.

Who can grant waivers of informed consent?

For some research projects, the IRB may approve a request to waive the documentation of informed consent. This means that the study team must provide a subject with the required consent information, but the study team is not required to obtain the subject's signature on the informed consent document.

Why is the Belmont report important?


The Belmont Report is one of the leading works concerning ethics and health care research. Its primary purpose is to protect subjects and participants in clinical trials or research studies. This report consists of 3 principles: beneficence, justice, and respect for persons.

What is an NIH certificate?

Certificates of Confidentiality are issued by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and other HHS agencies to protect identifiable research information from forced disclosure.

What is an autonomous person in research?

An autonomous person is defined as an individual who is capable of self-legislation and is able to make judgments and actions based on his/her particular set of values, preferences, and beliefs. Respecting a person's autonomy thus involves considering his/her choices and decisions without deliberate obstruction.

What expedited review?

Expedited review involves a review of a proposal by a subset of the IRB that includes the Chair and at least one other board member. Expedited review does not mean a quick review; the IRB determined whether a project requires expedited or full review.

Why was the Belmont Report created?

The Commission, created as a result of the National Research Act of 1974, was charged with identifying the basic ethical principles that should underlie the conduct of biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects and developing guidelines to assure that such research is conducted in accordance with those

When the probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort anticipated in the research are not greater than those encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine tests we say that the risk is?


According to the federal regulations at §46.102(i), minimal risk means that the probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort anticipated in the research are not greater in and of themselves than those ordinarily encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physical or psychological examinations or

What is the new common rule?

New Common Rule (IRB Regulations): USC Implementation
The Federal Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects, also known as “The Common Rule”, defines the processes for IRB review and approval of research with human subjects. The New Common Rule applies to studies starting on or after January 21, 2019.

What does 45 CFR stand for?

CFR Title 45 - Public Welfare is one of fifty titles comprising the United States Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Title 45 is the principle set of rules and regulations issued by federal agencies of the United States regarding public welfare.

Who does the common rule apply to?

The Common Rule applies to human subjects research conducted, supported or otherwise subject to regulation by the VA. If VA investigators receive support from DHHS (NIH, CDC, etc.), additional subparts of 45 CFR Part 46 may apply.

Which of the following is included in the Nuremberg Code?

The ten points became known as the "Nuremberg Code", which includes such principles as informed consent and absence of coercion; properly formulated scientific experimentation; and beneficence towards experiment participants.

What is protection of human subjects in research?


A section labeled "Protection of Human Subjects" which describes the proposed involvement of human subjects, including an assessment of risk, the steps taken to protect the subjects from risk, potential benefits from the study to the subjects and others and the importance of the knowledge to be gained from these studes

What is the common rule of 45 CFR 46?

The "Common Rule" is the popular term for the Federal (U.S.) Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects , 45 CFR part 46 , which outlines the criteria and mechanisms for IRB review of human subjects research.

What are the three ethical principles that constitute the basis for the HHS human subjects regulations 45 CFR 46?

The Belmont Report identifies three fundamental ethical principles for all human subjects research -- respect for persons, beneficence, and justice.