What are the three types of juvenile waivers?

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The three types of a judicial waiver are discretionary, mandatory, and presumptive. Discretionary-The type of judicial waiver that involves the prosecutor filing a petition with a juvenile court requesting that a juvenile court waive a juvenile to adult court.

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In respect to this, what are the three types of judicial waiver?

The three types of a judicial waiver are discretionary, mandatory, and presumptive. Discretionary-The type of judicial waiver that involves the prosecutor filing a petition with a juvenile court requesting that a juvenile court waive a juvenile to adult court.

Secondly, what is the most traditional type of transfer waiver in juvenile court? Types of Juvenile Transfers Judicial waiver, statutory exclusion, and direct file are three mechanisms used to transfer juvenile offenders to adult court. Judicial waiver is the most popular method; 47 States and the District of Columbia provide judicial discretion to waive certain juveniles to criminal court.

Moreover, what are juvenile waivers?

A Juvenile Waiver occurs whenever a judge decides to transfer a case from juvenile court to an adult court. Juvenile waivers are allowed in nearly all states. The decision to “waivejuvenile protections and try the juvenile as an adult rests with the judge, not the defendant.

What is a juvenile waiver quizlet?

Juvenile Waivers. procedure in which the juvenile court gives up its jurisdiction on a case and transfers it to the adult criminal court.

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What criteria is considered by the courts when making a waiver decision about a juvenile case?

Discretionary Waiver
United States (383 U.S. 541, 566-67 (1966)) that must be met before the court may consider waiver in a given case: generally a minimum age, a specified type or level of offense, a sufficiently serious record of previous delinquency, or some combination of the three.

What is a reverse waiver?

Reverse Waiver. Reverse waiver statutes allow youth who are prosecuted as an adult in criminal court to petition to have the case transferred to juvenile court for adjudication or disposition in a more developmentally appropriate way.

What crimes can juveniles be charged as adults?

Anyone 13 years old and above can be tried as an adult if he or she has a record of previously breaking the law or commits a serious crime. Minors who are 15 or 16 years old are automatically tried as adults for certain offenses, including murder, aggravated criminal sexual assault, and armed robbery with a firearm.

What is a mandatory waiver?

mandatory waiver. A form of judicial waiver whereby the juvenile court judge must find probable cause that a juvenile meets certain age, offense, other requirements. If the judge finds robably cause for these factors , the judge must automatically transer the juvenile to adult court.

What does direct file mean?


Direct File occurs when a state has given the prosecutor power to file charges against a juvenile directly in adult criminal court. When a prosecutor exercises their discretion by choosing to file directly to adult criminal court they effectively override any juvenile or family court jurisdiction over a case.

What is juvenile transfer?

Transfer. The transfer of juveniles from delinquency court to an adult court is a pressing issues juvenile defenders face in their practice. This means that the youth is treated as an adult from the inception of the case. The prosecutor has the discretion to charge a youth with an excluded offense.

What is meant by the concept of waiver how is it being used today?

Waiver. The voluntary surrender of a known right; conduct supporting an inference that a particular right has been relinquished. The term waiver is used in many legal contexts. A waiver is essentially a unilateral act of one person that results in the surrender of a legal right.

What is a juvenile transfer hearing?

A transfer hearing is a legal proceeding where a juvenile court judge decides whether a minor who has been accused of violating a criminal law is "fit" for the juvenile court system.

What is statutory exclusion?

Noun. statutory exclusion (countable and uncountable, plural statutory exclusions) (US, law, uncountable) The legal requirement that under specified circumstances, a juvenile be tried as an adult, without the possibility of judicial discretion.

What are some reasons why juveniles should be tried as adults?


List of the Pros of Trying Juveniles as Adults
  • It reduces the chance that a repeat offender will commit multiple severe crimes.
  • It creates a level of certainty in the justice system for victims.
  • It provides a measure of consistency for the severity of the crime.
  • It provides a way to teach accountability.

What is meant by status offense?

A status offense is a noncriminal act that is considered a law violation only because of a youth's status as a minor. 1 Typical status offenses include truancy, running away from home, violating curfew, underage use of alcohol, and general ungovernability.

Should juveniles be tried as adults pros and cons?

7 Top Pros and Cons of Juveniles Being Tried As Adults
  • If they are convicted as juveniles, they would gain freedom from the system at age 25.
  • Deter and minimize crimes committed by minors.
  • Brings justice to the victims.
  • Correct a case of blind justice.
  • Trial by jury.
  • Minors will be put at risk.
  • Give the impression of lost hope.
  • Fewer varieties of punishment.

Should juveniles ever be tried as adults?

In order to provide justice to victims and their families and to prevent more and more juveniles from committing violent crimes, the United States must hold criminals accountable— of their age—and impose a tough punishment system. To that end, juveniles should sometimes be tried as adults.

What is the most common form of waiver in the United States quizlet?

The most common method of waiver to adult court, and the one with the longest history, is judicial waiver.

What is meant by concurrent jurisdiction?


Concurrent jurisdiction is the ability to exercise judicial review by different courts at the same time, within the same territory, and over the same subject matter. For instance, a domestic violence matter may be heard in either a general civil court or a family court in the same county.

What is a delinquent Superpredator?

“A superpredator is a young juvenile criminal who is so impulsive, so remorseless, that he can kill, rape, maim, without giving it a second thought,” DiIulio said in 1996. Lawmakers latched onto the theory, resulting in tough-on-crime policies for juveniles across the country.