What are the parts of brain?

Asked By: Yanna Tetschke | Last Updated: 30th May, 2020
Category: medical health brain and nervous system disorders
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The brain has three main parts: the cerebrum, cerebellum and brainstem.
  • Cerebrum: is the largest part of the brain and is composed of right and left hemispheres.
  • Cerebellum: is located under the cerebrum.
  • Brainstem: acts as a relay center connecting the cerebrum and cerebellum to the spinal cord.

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Accordingly, what are the 7 parts of the brain?

These areas are: Occipital lobe, Temporal lobe, Parietal lobe, Frontal lobe. Cerebral cortex, Cerebellum, Hypothalamus,Thalamus,Pituitary gland, Pineal gland, Amygdala, Hippocampas and the Mid- brain.

Subsequently, question is, what are the 12 parts of the brain? Terms in this set (17)

  • Hypothalamus. Helps maintain homeostasis; regulates pituitary gland, is a link between endocrine and nervous systems; integrating center.
  • Thalamus. Two masses of grey matter that receive all sensory input except smell.
  • Pons.
  • Medulla Oblongata.
  • Meninges.
  • Cerebrum.
  • Cerebellum.
  • Pituitary Gland.

Likewise, people ask, what are the six major parts of the brain?

Our brain has 6 main parts the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe, brain stem and the cerebellum.

How many parts of the brain are there?


27 Related Question Answers Found

What part of the brain controls personality?

Frontal lobe.
The largest section of the brain located in the front of the head, the frontal lobe is involved in personality characteristics and movement.

Which side of the brain controls memory?

The medial temporal lobe (the inner part of the temporal lobe, near the divide between the left and right hemispheres) in particular is thought to be involved in declarative and episodic memory.

What part of the brain can you live without?

Some other extreme cases include hydranencephaly, where the entire cerebral portion is missing and all that's present is the brainstem. Moreover, there are nine documented cases of people living without a cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls voluntary movement.

How does a human brain work?

How does the brain work? The brain works like a big computer. It processes information that it receives from the senses and body, and sends messages back to the body. Brain tissue is made up of about 100 billion nerve cells (neurons) and one trillion supporting cells which stabilize the tissue.

Why is your brain important?

The brain is arguably the most important organ in the human body. It controls and coordinates actions and reactions, allows us to think and feel, and enables us to have memories and feelings—all the things that make us human.

Which part of the brain controls happiness?

Happiness activates several areas of the brain, including the right frontal cortex, the precuneus, the left amygdala, and the left insula. This activity involves connections between awareness (frontal cortex and insula) and the “feeling center” (amygdala) of the brain.

What is the function of brain?

The brain controls our thoughts, memory and speech, movement of the arms and legs, and the function of many organs within our body. The central nervous system (CNS) is composed of the brain and spinal cord.

How is the brain related to human behavior?

It is also understood that neurotransmitters, or brain chemicals, are responsible for our moods and of the general state that we are in. Lesions or damage to the frontal lobes and to other parts of the brain can and affect impulses and impulsive behaviors. All of this knowledge raises disturbing questions.

How does the brain control the body?

The brain controls what you think and feel, how you learn and remember, and the way you move and talk. The rest of the nervous system is like a network that relays messages back and forth from the brain to different parts of the body. It does this via the spinal cord, which runs from the brain down through the back.

What part of the brain is the forebrain?

Forebrain, also called prosencephalon, region of the developing vertebrate brain; it includes the telencephalon, which contains the cerebral hemispheres, and, under these, the diencephalon, which contains the thalamus, hypothalamus, epithalamus, and subthalamus.

What is brain tissue made of?

Nervous tissue is composed of neurons/nerve cells and neuroglial cells, (better known as Glia— meaning Glue in Greek). The brain tissue is composed of the two following matters: 1 - Gray matter: composed of neurons & unmyelinated axons.

Where is your brain located?

The brain is housed inside the bony covering called the cranium. The cranium protects the brain from injury. Together, the cranium and bones that protect the face are called the skull. Between the skull and brain is the meninges, which consist of three layers of tissue that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord.

Is brain a muscle?

Anatomically, your brain isn't a muscle; although it contains a bit of muscle, it's predominantly gray and white matter, with cellular structure and function far different (and more complex) than that of muscle.

How is your brain divided?

The human brain is divided into two hemispheres, the left and right, connected by a bundle of nerve fibers called the corpus callosum. The left brain controls all the muscles on the right-hand side of the body and the right brain controls the left side.

When was the brain discovered?

Within a few years of each other, the English physician Thomas Willis published his Anatomy of the Brain (1664) and the Danish anatomist Nicolaus Steno published his Lecture on the Anatomy of the Brain (1669).